Lege Artis Medicinae

[Remission’s Culture – Reserves in Alcohol Politics]

KELEMEN Gábor

NOVEMBER 20, 2009

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2009;19(11)

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Effect of tiotropium on outcomes in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (UPLIFT): a prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomised controlled trial]

SOMFAY Attila

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Wolf or lamb?]

NEMESÁNSZKY Elemér

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Arc of Wine]

NAGY Zsuzsanna

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Diabetes mellitus and cancer risk]

BECHER Péter, PATAI Árpád, MÁJER Katalin

[In the past decades, the prevention of micro- and macrovascular complications has been the main target of diabetes treatment. On the basis of the latest publications that have created a storm we have to highlight the associations between diabetes mellitus, its treatment protocols and tumours. Analysing the often controversial human results, in the absence of relevant prospective studies, we have to consider preclinical observations to choose a safe treatment method.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The significance of statin pleiotropy]

KOLOSSVÁRY Endre

[Application of statins in the primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerosis is of great importance. Attenuation of cardiovascular risk by statin therapy is primarily related to a decrease in serum cholesterol levels. Scientific data published in the past few years highlight the importance of the beneficial effects of statins that are not related to cholesterol-lowering. These effects are known as pleiotropic effects. This review aims to present the current view of statins’ pleiotropic effects.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Clinical Neuroscience

Acute bilateral drop foot as a complication of prolonged squatting due to haemorrhoid

KOKSAL Ayhan, DOGAN Burcu Vasfiye

Drop foot is defined as difficulty of dorsiflexion of the foot and ankle due to weak anterior tibial, extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus muscles. Cauda equina syndrome, local peroneal nerve damage due to trauma, nerve entrapment, compartment syndrome and tumors are common etiologies. A 32-year-old male patient was applied with difficulty in dorsiflexion of both of his toes, feet and ankles after he had squatted in toilette for 6-7 hours (because of his haemorrhoid) after intense alcohol intake 2 weeks before. Acute, partial, demyelinating lesion in head of fibula segment of peroneal nerves was diagnosed by electromyography. This case was reported since prolonged squatting is an extremely rare cause of acute bilateral peroneal neuropathy. This type of neuropathy is mostly demyelination and has good prognosis with physical therapy and mechanical devices, but surgical intervention may be required due to axonal damage. People such as workers and farmers working in the squatting position for long hours should be advised to change their position as soon as the compression symptoms (numbness, tingling) appear.

Clinical Neuroscience

Marchiafava-Bignami disease: Report of three cases

GUNAY Gul, MESUDE Özerden, ZEYNEP Ozdemir, CAHIT Keskinkiliç, HAKAN Selçuk, BATUHAN Kara, AYSUN Soysal

Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare alcohol-associated disorder characterized by demyelination and necrosis of the corpus callosum. We report three patients who had history of chronic alcoholism, different clinical presentation and MRI findings consistent with the diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami disease.

Clinical Neuroscience

A case report of Morvan syndrome

AYTAC Emrah, ACAR Türkan

Morvan syndrome is a rare disease characterized by peripheral nerve hyperexcitability, encephalopathy, dys­autonomia and significant insomnia. The patient, who was included in the present study, was followed-up at our clinics for confusion, myokymia, hyperhidrosis, epileptic seizures, tachycardia, agitation, hypokalemia, and hyponatremia. The cranial MRI of the patient demonstrated hyperintensities at the T2 and FLAIR sections of the medial temporal lobe and insular lobes. Electromyography and neurotransmission examination results were concordant with peripheral nerve hyperreactivity. Contactin-associated protein-like 2 antibodies and leucine-rich glioma inactivated protein 1 antibodies were detected as positive. The patient was diagnosed with Morvan syndrome; intravenous immunoglobulin and corticosteroid treatment was started. Almost full remission was achieved. This very rare syndrome implies challenges in diagnosis and treatment; however, remission can be achieved during the follow-up. In addition, caution is needed in the long-term follow-up of these patients regarding the development of malignancies.

Clinical Neuroscience

Risk factors for ischemic stroke and stroke subtypes in patients with chronic kidney disease

GÜLER Siber, NAKUS Engin, UTKU Ufuk

Background - The aim of this study was to compare ischemic stroke subtypes with the effects of risk factors, the relationship between grades of kidney disease and the severity of stroke subtypes. Methods - The current study was designed retrospectively and performed with data of patients who were hospitalised due to ischemic stroke. We included 198 subjects who were diagnosed with ischemic stroke of Grade 3 and above with chronic kidney disease. Results - In our study were reported advanced age, coronary artery disease, moderate kidney disease as the most frequent risk factors for cardioembolic etiology. Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and alcohol consumption were the most frequent risk factors for large-artery disease. Female sex and anaemia were the most frequent risk factors for small-vessel disease. Dialysis and severe kidney disease were the most frequent risk factors in unknown etiologies, while male sex, diabetes mellitus, prior stroke and mild kidney disease were the most frequent risk factors for other etiologies. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were lower for small-vessel disease compared with other etiologies. This relation was statistically significant (p=0.002). Conclusion - In order to improve the prognosis in ischemic stroke with chronic kidney disease, the risk factors have to be recognised and the treatment options must be modified according to those risk factors.

Clinical Neuroscience

Paraoxonáz-1-aktivitás és fenotípusos megjelenése sclerosis multiplexben

KURTULUS Fatma, YAMAN Aylin, ELLIDAG Yasar Hamit, EREN Esin, GÖMCELI Bicer Yasemin, YILMAZ Necat

Introduction - Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) and arylesterase (ARE) are lipophilic antioxidant enzymes. PON-1 serum activity diverges in individuals and populations, which might be due to polymorphisms in the PON-1 gene. The PON1 activity phenotyping method, based on the ratio of the stimulated PON activity and the ARE activity, could determine the low-activity homozygotes (QQ), intermediate activity heterozygotes (QR), and high-activity homozygotes (RR) regardless of the genotype. The aim of the present study was to determine the PON1 phenotype distribution and enzymatic activity of PON1 and ARE in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Materials and methods - Thirty-four relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) patients (22 females and 12 males; median age 42 (range 20-55) years) in the remission phase and thirty-four age-sex matched healthy controls (19 females and 15 males; median age 37 (21-60) years) were included in this study. All patients had clinically definite MS according to McDonald’s criteria. Results - Serum PON1 and ARE enzyme activities, as well as salt-stimulated PON1, were not significantly different between the patient and control groups. Phenotype distributions were as follows: QQ 58.8%, QR 38.2%, and RR 3% in MS patients (n=34); QQ 44.1%, QR 50%, and RR 5.9% in the control group (n=34). QQ (low activity) phenotypic distribution was more common in MS patients than controls, but this difference was not significant (p=0.14). Conclusions - Our results did not reveal meaningful relationships between PON1 activity or PON1 phenotypes and MS. More studies in larger samples and in all phases of the disease are needed in the future.