Lege Artis Medicinae

[Reform head]

AJKAY Zoltán, OROSZ Éva, MATEJKA Zsuzsanna

JANUARY 12, 1991

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1991;1(01)

[Reform change or system change?; Comments on health care reform; Privatisation of pharmaceuticals on the agenda; ]

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[Current issues in oral anticoagulation treatment]

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[Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in civilised countries everywhere. The situation is particularly serious in our country: it is well known that we are one of the countries with the shortest life expectancy in Europe, precisely because of the devastating impact of circulatory diseases. While in the USA, thanks to improvements in living conditions and effective preventive measures, mortality from cardiovascular disease is falling dramatically and is being postponed to later and later years, here at home we can unfortunately expect the situation to deteriorate further in the years ahead.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The importance of oral symptoms in the early diagnosis of HIV infection (AIDS)]

BÁNÓCZY Jolán

[Oral lesions of AIDS might occur in every phase of H/V-infection, their importance in the early diagnosis and treatment is significant. The most frequent oral symptoms are: oral Candidiasis, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) and periodontitis, herpetic infections, resistent to the usual therapy. ,,Hairy leukoplakia " of the tongue is characteristic hyperpigmentation of the oral mucosa, Kaposi's sarcoma are frequent symptoms, latter especially in more developed phases (ARC or AIDS) of the disease. Saliva-containing a factor inhibiting HIV-1 infection of human lymphocytes - has minimal importance in the transmission of the disease. Therefore, professional transmission of HIV-infection -, e. g. dental treatment of infected patients keeping the necessary cautions , - present minimal risk. The appropriate treatment of arai lesions of HIV-infected patients may help in maintaining their general health. ]

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[General Practice as an independent speciality of medicine has a very special territory, the family care. The family care is a general wish of the society. This special care is continuously made in every fifth-sixth family. ln the author's practice in the autumn of 1989 113families and 16 lonely persons, in 1990 120 families and 18 lonely persons were controlled regularly at home. The family care, the family medicine needs special knowledge and skill. Minimal addicional technical, personal and financial support is requested, burt due to the special care activity the level of medical work increases and it becomes more humanistic, needs of hospitalization decreases and the plus expenditure refunds. Far the better evaluation of family care a more systematic undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and a special research work would be needed.]

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[Mentalization or theory of mind as an aspect of our social cognition, is our ability to infer mental states of others (intentions, desires, thoughts, emotions) and to predict their behavior accordingly. This function significantly affects our participation and orientation in the social world and plays an important role in conversational situations, social interactions, social integ­ration and adaptation. The brain regions that serve as the basis for mind-reading function can be damaged as a consequence of traumatic brain injury, which frequently occurs among the younger population. Traumatic brain injury can cause focal or diffuse cerebral injuries, often leading to theory of mind deficit. In this topic such publications were researched that compared theory of mind ability between traumatic brain injury patients and control subjects (comparative case-control studies). We searched for the studies in the following internet based/online databases: PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, APA PsycNET (PsycARTICLES) and EBSCO Host. The search was performed using the following key word combinations: theory of mind or mentalizing or social cognition AND traumatic brain injury or head/brain injury or diffuse axonal injury. Based on the results of the included and processed studies (21 pc), traumatic brain injury often leads to mentalization deficit with different severity. With this present review we aim to draw attention to the fact that the appearance and severity of mind reading dysfunction can considerably affect the outcome of the disease, the length of rehabilitation time and the prognosis of traumatic brain injury patients. Besides this, with this review, we aim to take sides in whether theory of mind ability is domain-specific or domian-general based on studies including traumatic brain injury patients.]

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