Lege Artis Medicinae

[Pathomechanism, symptoms, differential diagnosis and therapy of fibromyalgia]

KELEMEN Judit

JANUARY 20, 2001

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2001;11(01)

[Fibromyalgia is a chronic, non-inflammatory pain syndrome characterised by diffuse muscle pain and increased tenderness of specific tender points. The exact cause or pathomechanism of the disease is unknown. In the background, nociception and the pain processing pathways of the central nervous system are suspected as dysfunctional. The disease occurs primarily in middle-aged women. Occurence of fibromyalgia is between 1-4%, increasing up to 20% in a rheumatology clinic. In Canada, the cost of treatment of fibromyalgia was 350 million $ in 1993. Unfortunately, in Hungary no similar data is available. It is frequently joined by different vegetative and functional symptoms. One characteristic feature is insomnia, causing typical morning fatigue in patients. Effective therapy has yet to be found, although successful treatment may be achieved with drug therapy (amitryptilin), psychotherapy and aerobics with supplemental electro- and hydrotherapy. Patient education and involvement is also important for good therapeutic results and for the ability to return to work as soon as possible.]

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