Lege Artis Medicinae

[Is it necessary? - Opinions and experiences about a first aid programme for children - pilot study]

BÁNFAI Bálint1, PANDUR Attila1, SCHISZLER Bence1, RADNAI Balázs1, BÁNFAI-CSONKA Henrietta2, BETLEHEM József3

MARCH 20, 2019

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2019;29(03)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33616/lam.29.016

[INTRODUCTION - Starting first aid education in early childhood can be an effective method of knowledge transfer. AIM - Our aim was to examine first aid education related opinions of kindergarten- and primary school children, educators, and parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS - 871 people (children, educators, parents) were involved in our study. Opinions were measured with self-administered questionnaires, containing mainly open questions. RESULTS - General opinion of parents and educators on first aid education in childhood were mainly positive, but they also gave negative ones. The majority of participants had a positive opinion about our completed program. Based on the opinions of parents and educators first aid education is recommended by health care professionals. Opinions were independent from gender, age, lenght of time of working with children in all cases (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS - General opinion of parents and educators was varied, but it was generally positive concerning our program. Based on this results opinions can be changed with concrete activities. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Sürgôsségi Ellátási és Egészségpedagógiai Intézet
  2. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Klinikai Központ Sürgôsségi Orvostani Tanszék, Sürgôsségi Betegellátó Osztály
  3. Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar

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[INTRODUCTION - Based on statistics, accidents from various mechanisms are among the most common causes of death all over the world. Children are mostly affected in this situations. Our aim was to examine the first aid and accident prevention knowledge and attitude of the parents. PATIENTS AND METHODS - In this study parents of 3-7 years old children were involved in six kindergarten located in Hungary. A self-fill-in questionnaire was used to collect data. In the investigation 307 parents (N=307) were included. Out of them 234 respondents filled out the questionnaire correctly. The statistical analysis was made with SPSS 20.0 statistical software. For analyses deescriptive statistics, Chisquare- test and ANOVA were used. RESULTS - Three-quarters of the children have suffered at least one accident earlier (74.3%). Most of the accidents occured at home (88.5%). 174 parents attended first aid course earlier (74.4%), the previous knowledge is based mainly on the driving license (81.6%). Based on the answers it is important to teach children first aid (70.5%) and prevention (89.7%) knowledge in the kindergarten. There were only 10 parents, who answered all the situation questions correctly (4.3%). Between the subjective judgment of the financial status and the correct answers we found a significant correlation (p=0.03). The previously accomplished first aid training (p<0.05) and the educational attainment (p=0,029) had a positive impact on the results. CONCLUSION - The level of first aid knowledge of parents is lower than expected. Participate in first aid courses the level of knowledge could increase. It would be important, because some of the accidents can be prevented by acquiring proper knowledge.]