Lege Artis Medicinae

[”I am responsible for my health but irresponsible for my illness”]

SZÁNTÓ Zsuzsa, SUSÁNSZKY Éva, RÓZSA Sándor

SEPTEMBER 20, 2002

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2002;12(09)

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our study was to examine lay beliefs about illness causation of age groups with similar health status. METHODS - In 1997, research was conducted among the adult population of Budapest (N=720), in order to examine their health status and illness explanations. Based on self-rated health, ages of the 40s and the 60s were considered as the age-thresholds of significant decline in health status. Thus, the study concentrated on the three age groups of people: under 40, between 40 and 60, over 60 years of age. The Health and Illness Scale of Stainton Rogers and Furnham was employed. For identifying the patterns of illness explanations, factor analysis (varimax method) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION - 5 factors were found as the basic types of illness explanations: psychical condition, external environmental determinants, work and life style, health care, internal predetermination. Parallel to deterioration of health, dominant illness explanations are also changing: emphasis moves from work and life style to biological predetermination.]

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