Lege Artis Medicinae

[Heparin-Aspirin Reperfusion Trial]

MATOS Lajos1

MAY 26, 1993

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1993;3(05)

[Treatment efficacy was first assessed 7-24 hours after the start of rt-PA infusion: at this time, the coronary artery leading to the infarct was patency in 82% of patients also receiving heparin therapy, compared to 52% of patients receiving aspirin supplementation (p<0.0001). Vessels that were patency-free at the first test remained open in 80% of those also treated with heparin after one week, the same was 95% in those treated with aspirin (non-significant). Bleeding was observed in 18 patients in the heparin group and 15 in the aspirin group. Ischaemic events were observed in eight cases in the former group and in two cases in the latter group - these were not statistically significantly different. The mortality rate was 1.9% in the heparin group and 4.0% in the aspirin group. ]


  1. Országos Kardiológiai Intézet



Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The prerequisite of T cell recognition: antigen processing and presentation]


[Multiple regulatory mechnanisms are activated wit hin the immune system to maintain the homeostasis of the organism. A key element of these processes is the specific recognition of antigens mediated by T and B lymphocytes. This is the basis of clonal selection and antigen specific activation of the immune system (LAM 1991. 1(18):1308–1314.) which results in the most efficient elimination of the antigen. T cells play a predominant role in the discrimination of self and non-self structures. Antigen specific activation of T cells results in the expression of cell surface molecules and in the production of different lymphokines of high biological activity, which define the possibilities for cell to cell interactions and influence the function of different cell types affecting the outcome of the immune response. The appropriate activity of functionally distinct T cells enables the most efficient mobilization of effector mechanisms leading to the elimination of the antigen without destroying self components. In order to exert their regulatory and effector functions they require a well regulated collaboration with antigen presenting cells. This review summarizes our present knowledge on the intracellular degradation and transportation pathways occuring on in antigen presenting cells determining the antigen specific functions of T cells. It is well established that these events influence the efficacy or protection against pathogens and have a basic influence on the normal or pathological outcome of autoimmunity.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Thoughts on radical hysterectomy]


[Radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphade nectomy have been used for the treatment of carcinoma of the uterine cervix in most Western countries for decades. These surgical procedures, however, have rarely been advocated in Hungary. Advantages and disadvantages of radical hysterectomy with pelvic and paraaortic lymph node dissection are discussed. Emphasis is placed on patient selection. It is the author's view that radical surgery does have a place in the management of cervical cancer. The patient should be informed about the possible treatment modalities available such as radical surgery, radical radiation therapy or a combination of surgery and irradiation, and she should be involved in the decision making process. Radical hysterectomy with pelvic lympha denectomy is a major operation with potentially significant intraoperative and postoperative complications. A dequate surgical skill and sufficient experience are required and this procedure should be regularly practiced. For these reasons, it is probably best performed in cancer centres.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Social Security Health Insurance Fund's Mental Hygiene Board of Trustees]

[The Board of Trustees of the Social Insurance Health Insurance Fund for Mental Hygiene invites applications for the implementation of mental health promotion and mental hygiene programmes from the fund allocated by Parliament from the 1993 social insurance budget, pursuant to Act LXXXIV of 1992. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The role of computed tomography in tumor staging of bronchogenic carcinoma]

HEILER Zoltán, PÁLFFY Gyula, KOSTIC Szilárd, MONOSTORI Zsuzsanna, REPA Imre

[Operability of lung cancer is based on the size and local extension of the tumor as well as the presence of lymph node and distant metastases. Agreement and disagreement between CT and surgical tumor staging was investigated for 197 cancer patients after surgery. Sensitivity and specificity of CT prediction ranged 57–93% and 71–100% ac cording to tumor stadium. CT diagnosis has been relatively unreliable in describing tumor propagation along the pulmonary veins (less frequently arteries) towards the atrium and in recognizing a discrete tumor invasion of the mediastinum. Local thickening of the parietal pericardium, and small pericardial effusion have been considered as indirect signs of pericardial tumor infiltration. MR examination have been found to be a supplemental technique for assessing tumor spread to the great vessels of the mediastinum. The authors believe on the results that new techniques, such as MR angiography and indirect CT signs will help in making a more accurate preoperative diagnosis of lung cancer.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Report on gastroenterological endoscopic activity in Hungary in 1992]

NAGY György, JUHÁSZ László

[At the request and on behalf of the Endoscopic Section of the Hungarian Gastroenterological Society, we have compiled the main data of the Hungarian endoscopic activity in 1992. We received responses to our questionnaire from 117 endoscopic laboratories and one private endoscopic practice. The responses received were summarised in a table.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Clinical Neuroscience

[Is the implementation of Vojta therapy associated with faster gross motor development in children with cerebral palsy? ]


[Vojta therapy has been reported as clinically beneficial for strength, movement and gross motor activities in individual cases and is being included within the second of three levels of evidence in interventions for cerebral palsy. The goal of this study is to understand the effect of Vojta therapy on the gross motor function. Our clinical trial followed a one group, pre-post design to quantify rates of changes in GMFM-88 after a two-months period undergoing Vojta therapy. A total of 16 patients were recruited. Post-intervention acceleration rates of GMFM-88-items acquisition (0.005; p<0.001) and Locomotor Stages (1.063; p<0.0001) increased significatively following Vojta the­rapy intervention. In this study, Vojta therapy has shown to accelerate the acquisition of GMFM-88-items and Loco­motor Stages in children with cerebral palsy younger than 18 months. Because functional training was not utilised, and other non-Vojta therapy intervention did not influence the outcome, Vojta therapy seems to activate the postural control required to achieve uncompleted GMFM-88-items. ]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Monitoring of the blood pressure lowering effectiveness of ramipril-amlodipine fix combination – a non-interventional trial (RAMONA study)]


[Purpose: Monitoring the effectiveness and safety of the fix combination formulation Egiramlon® therapy containing ramipril and amlodipin in patients, suffering from mild or moderate hypertension despite antihypertensive treatment. Patients and methods: Open, prospective, phase IV clinical observational study, which involved 9169 patients (age >18) with mild or moderate hypertension [TUKEB No: 16927- 1/2012/EKU (294/PI/12.)]. Ramipril/Amlodipin 5/5, 5/10, 10/5, 10/10 mg combinations were administered/ titrated in three visits, during the four months period according to the physician’s decision Blood pressure was measured by validated blood pressure sphygmomanometry and ABPM (Meditech, Hungary). The dosis of the fix combination formulation was determined individually during the visits by the 923 doctors involved in the study. The target blood pressure value was 140/90 mmHg, but in case of high risk patients population (diagnosed cardiovascular disease, diabetes), 130/90 mmHg target value was determined. Results: In 70.1% of the patients had no protocoll deviation. Patients data and examination results were processed according to this 6423 patient population. The average age of the patients were 60.2 year, in 50-50% sex distribution. The average duration of the treated hypertension was 9.8 years and the average blood pressure value was 157/91 mmHg. Till the end of the study, systolic blood pressure has decreased with 26.4 mmHg and diastolic pressure with 11.8 mmHg. An average 5.5 bpm heart rate frequency decreasing was observed at the end of the study. As a result of the treatment 52.4% of the patient population has reached the target blood pressure value.]

Clinical Neuroscience

Investigation of risk factors, topographic location and stroke mechanisms of unilateral isolated and posterior cerebral ARTERY thalamic infarcts

GÖKCAL Elif, SENGUL Yildizhan, USLU Ilgen Ferda

Aim - In this study, we aimed to examine the risk factors, topographic features and stroke mechanisms of acute ischemic unilateral infarcts of thalamus. Methods - Patient with isolated thalamic infarct and those with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) infarction who were admitted to our hospital between January 2014 and January 2017 with acute unilateral thalamic infarction (TI) were included in this study (isolated thalamic infarction/ isolated TI; thalamic and posterior cerebral artery infarction/PCA+TI). Demographic characteristics and vascular risk factors of the patients were determined. Thalamic infarct areas were recorded topographically as anterior, posteromedial, ventrolateral, posterolateral, more than one area, and variant areas. Stroke mechanism was determined according to the criteria of „Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment” (TOAST). Patients with isolated TI and PCA TI were compared according to risk factors, stroke mechanism and infarct topography. Results - Forty-three patients with a mean age of 63.3 ± 14.5 years were included in the study. Twenty-eight patients (60.1%) were found to have isolated TI and the remaining 15 patients (34.9%) had PCA+TI. 32.1% of patients with isolated TI had sensory symptoms on presentation, and 60% of patients with PCA-TI had sensorimotor symptoms. The mean age, the mean score on National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and the mean frequency of atrial fibrillation were higher in PCA+TI patients than in isolated-TI patients (p: 0.04, p: 0.004, p: 0.02 respectively). 32.6% of the patients had ventrolateral, 30.2% had posteromedial involvement. Ventrolateral topography was seen in 46.7% of the PCA+TI patients, while posteromedial topography was seen in 39.3% of the isolated-TI patients. 53.6% of the isolated-TI had small vessel disease etiology, while 40% of the PCA+TI had cardioembolic etiology, and the other 40% had large artery atherosclerosis. Conclusion - Our study showed that the most ommon stroke mechanism in patients with thalamic infarction is the small vessel disease. Isolated TI and PCA+TI patients differ in terms of etiologic mechanism and infarct topography. Variant territorial involvement and multiple area involvements can be quite common in thalamic infarcts.

Hypertension and nephrology

[Monitoring of effectiveness of ramipril-amlodipine fixed combination, a non-interventional trial (Ramona study). Subgroup analysis of patients with chronic kidney disease]


[Hypertension and chronic kidney disease are independent cardiovascular risk factors. The 5th Cardiovascular Consensus Conference has recommended chronic kidney disease in high-risk category. In chronic kidney disease hypertension is observed in most cases. In patients with chronic kidney disease blood pressure targets are as 140/90 mmHg blood pressure below must be achieved without overt proteinuria. In chronic kidney disease combined antihypertensive therapy treatment should be initiated according the Hungarian Society of Hypertension recommendations. Aims: Monitoring the effectiveness and safety of the fix combination of ramipril/amlodipine Egiramlon® therapy in chronic kidney disease suffering from mild or moderate hypertension despite antihypertensive treatment. Patients and methods: Open, prospective, phase IV clinical observational study, which involved known chronic kidney disease (age over 18 years) with mild or moderate hypertension. Ramipril/amlodipine fixed combination (5/5, 5/10, 10/5 or, 10/10 mg) were administered or titrated in three visits, during the 4 months of trial period. The doses of the fixed combination drugs were determined individually during the visits by the 923 physicians involved in the study. The target blood pressure value was <140/90 mmHg according the new guidelines of ESH/ESC. Results: 70.1% of total patient (9169) was fulfilled the protocol during the four month of trial (6423 patients). In this population 194 patients suffered from chronic kidney disease. The age of patients was 68.52±1.84 (mean±SD) years, 85 (43.8) women and 109 (56.2%) men. 74.74% of total patients with chronic kidney disease has reached target blood pressure at the end of 4th month (primary endpoint). The blood pressure has decreased significantly (all p<0.0001) from 158.04/90.46±9.97/8.30 mmHg (1. visit) to 138.77/82.12±10.68/7.21 mmHg 2. visit and to 130.40/78.59±7.56/5.75 at the and of trial (3. visit), it means -27.64/- 11.87 mmHg decrease from the beginning of the 4th Month (3. visit). eGFR level increased significantly from 46.3±16.49 ml/min/1,73m2 to 49.0±19.58 ml/min/1,73m2. Patients suffered from chronic kidney disease have tolerated well the various doses of fixed combination of ramipril/amlodipine, and adverse events have no occurred correlation of treatment.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Is there a role of triple combination in the therapy of hypertension? - Antihypertensive efficiency of perindopril-amlodipine-indapamide]

PÁLL Dénes, SZÁNTÓ Ildikó, PARAGH György, KATONA Éva

[Blood pressure reduction to target level decreases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, in the vast majority of cases, this can be achieved only with a (multiple) combination regimen. The primary objective of the PAINT (Perindopril- Amlodipine plus Indapamide Combination for Controlled Hypertension Non-intervention Trial) study was to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy with perindopril, amlodipine, and indapamide in patients who had not reached target blood pressure with their pre-existing therapy. Secondary objectives included the monitoring of metabolic parameters and the number of antihypertensive tablets taken by the subjects. In this subgroup-analysis we involved 126 patients (74 females and 52 males, mean age 59.8±12.5 years) who had a valid 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring both at baseline and at the end of the 4-months follow-up. At the beginning of the study none of the subjects reached blood pressure target despite taking on average 2.4±1.4 antihypertensive drugs. During the study, the subjects received the combination of amlodipine, perindopril, and indapamide instead of their pre-existing antihypertensive regimen. 24-hour mean systolic blood pressure decreased from 139.2±13.4 mmHg to 126.5±12.9 mmHg (p<0.01), as well as mean diastolic blood pressure from 77.3±11.3 mmHg to 71.1±8.7 mmHg (p<0.01). Heart rate remained unchanged. Blood pressure reduction was statistically significant both during the day and the night. We found significant blood pressure reduction in all hours (10.1-15.4/5.1-7.8 mmHg; p<0.001). Hyperbaric impact decreased from 366.9±251.1 mmHg × hour to 166.2±185.4 mmHg × hour (p<0.01) for systolic blood pressure, and from 112±130.6 mmHg × hour to 41.6±65.6 mmHg × hour (p<0.01) for diastolic blood pressure. We also could observe favourable changes in metabolic parameters, not only in lipids, but also in blood sugar level. The mean number of tablets taken by the subjects increased from 2.4 to 2.9, but this led to a significantly improved control of blood pressure. Triple combinations of state-of-the-art antihypertensive agents - such as of perindopril, amlodipine and indapamide - ensure effective blood pressure control in sufficiently compliant patients.]

Ezt olvasta már?

OKT 28.

OKT 28.