Lege Artis Medicinae

[Health insurance as a good host]

FEBRUARY 28, 1994

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1994;4(02)

[István Kameniczky's presentation at the Future of Health Care conference. Let me start with a question! Please raise your hand if you think you are the owner of a health care institution! Three or four of you think so. My second question is: who thinks that the employer of the employees in the health care institutions is the social security. Nobody has raised their hand.]

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Management of inhibitory haemophilia A and aquired haemophilia]

PFLIEGLER György, RÁK Kálmán, KRÁLL Géza, SAS Géza, HAYNAL Imre

[The authors survey the occurrence and the laboratory and clinical differences of factor VIU antibodies in haemophiliacs (allo) and in non-haemophiliacs (auto) as well as their titer and measurement. The recent therapeutic modalities used in prevention, management of acute bleeds and suppression of antibody development or in duction of immune tolerance are detailed. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Back pain]

ANDREW Frank

[The studies to be presented show that the duration and severity of episodes of low back pain can be reduced, thus reducing the risk of recurrence and the costs of sick leave and absenteeism. Frank reviews differential diagnosis; acute, chronic and intractable pain; and the health services needed. Modern treatment principles emphasise self-care at home, usually with no more than 48 hours bed rest. The importance of regaining physical fitness and resuming other activities, including work, is also stressed. Medication helps to achieve these goals. Two issues are emphasised: the strategy for the management of low back pain should be long-term and preventive; it is the responsibility of the patient, not the doctors, to maintain fitness, exercise regularly, do relaxation exercises and avoid damaging the spine. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Eating attitudes and eating disorders among secondary school dancers: a high risk group?]

TÚRY Ferenc, WILDMANN Márta, LÁSZLÓ Zsuzsa, JOÓ Mária Nóra

[The authors assessed the morbidity of eating disorders and the frequency of pathological eating attitudes in two secondary school populations in a two-stage study. The first sample consisted of two classes specialized in dancing (n=54), the second was a control group of two age-matched classes without specialization (n=61). In each group one girl met the criteria of bulimia nervosa, which was 2% of the whole population. No anorectic subject was identified while pathological eating attitudes were significantly higher among dancers characterized by an increased slimness ideal. On the basis of the study the risk of eating disorders is higher in this special population. However, this difference can be shown only in the frequency of subclinical, attitudinal disorders, not in that of clinically severe syndromes.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Heart attack primary prevention in hypertension trial]

MATOS Lajos

[Comparison of diuretic versus beta-blocker antihypertensive treatment in men with mild-to-moderate hypertension in terms of nonfatal infarction, coronary mortality and all-cause mortality. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Correspondence]

SELMECZY Kamill

[Reflections on GP (family doctor) reform, training and more]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[LAM 30: 1990–2020. Facing the mirror: Three decades of LAM, the Hungarian medicine and health care system]

KAPÓCS Gábor

Clinical Neuroscience

Comparison of direct costs of percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy and microdiscectomy: Results from Turkey

ÜNSAL Ünlü Ülkün, ŞENTÜRK Salim

Microdiscectomy (MD) is a stan­dard technique for the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic in­terlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD) is another surgical op­tion that has become popular owing to reports of shorter hos­pitalization and earlier functional recovery. There are very few articles analyzing the total costs of these two techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare total hospital costs among microdiscectomy (MD) and uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD). Forty patients aged between 22-70 years who underwent PELD or MD with different anesthesia techniques were divided into four groups: (i) PELD-local anesthesia (PELD-Local) (n=10), (ii) PELD-general anesthesia (PELD-General) (n=10), (iii) MD-spinal anesthesia (MD-Spinal) (n=10), (iv) MD-general anesthesia (MD-General) (n=10). Health care costs were defined as the sum of direct costs. Data were then analyzed based on anesthetic modality to produce a direct cost evaluation. Direct costs were compared statistically between MD and PELD groups. The sum of total costs was $1,249.50 in the PELD-Local group, $1,741.50 in the PELD-General group, $2,015.60 in the MD-Spinal group, and $2,348.70 in the MD-General group. The sum of total costs was higher in the MD-Spinal and MD-General groups than in the PELD-Local and PELD-General groups. The costs of surgical operation, surgical equipment, anesthesia (anesthetist’s costs), hospital stay, anesthetic drugs and materials, laboratory wor­kup, nur­sing care, and postoperative me­dication diffe­red significantly among the two main groups (PELD-MD) (p<0.01). This study demonstrated that PELD is less costly than MD.

Clinical Neuroscience

[The connection between the socioeconomic status and stroke in Budapest]

VASTAGH Ildikó, SZŐCS Ildikó, OBERFRANK Ferenc, AJTAY András, BERECZKI Dániel

[The well-known gap bet­ween stroke mortality of Eastern and Western Euro­pean countries may reflect the effect of socioeconomic diffe­rences. Such a gap may be present between neighborhoods of different wealth within one city. We set forth to compare age distribution, incidence, case fatality, mortality, and risk factor profile of stroke patients of the poorest (District 8) and wealthiest (District 12) districts of Budapest. We synthesize the results of our former comparative epidemiological investigations focusing on the association of socioeconomic background and features of stroke in two districts of the capital city of Hungary. The “Budapest District 8–12 project” pointed out the younger age of stroke patients of the poorer district, and established that the prevalence of smoking, alcohol-consumption, and untreated hypertension is also higher in District 8. The “Six Years in Two Districts” project involving 4779 patients with a 10-year follow-up revealed higher incidence, case fatality and mortality of stroke in the less wealthy district. The younger patients of the poorer region show higher risk-factor prevalence, die younger and their fatality grows faster during long-term follow-up. The higher prevalence of risk factors and the higher fatality of the younger age groups in the socioeconomically deprived district reflect the higher vulnerability of the population in District 8. The missing link between poverty and stroke outcome seems to be lifestyle risk-factors and lack of adherence to primary preventive efforts. Public health campaigns on stroke prevention should focus on the young generation of socioeconomi­cally deprived neighborhoods. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Vaccines against COVID-19 pandemic]

FALUS András, SZEKANECZ Zoltán

[The rapidly spreading SARS-CoV2 respiratory virus has evoked an epidemic with serious aftermath around the world. In addition to the health effects, the global economic damage is actually unpredictable. At the same time, the pandemic has launched a series of unprecedented collaborative scientific research, including the development of vaccines. This study summarizes up-to-date information on vaccines, immune memory, and some emerging clinical effects.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[A short chronicle of three decades ]

KAPRONCZAY Katalin

[Hungarian professional periodicals started quite late in European context. Their publish­ing, editing and editorial philosophy were equally influenced by specific historical and political situations. Certain breaking points of history resulted in termina­tion of professional journals (War of In­de­pendence 1848-1849, First and Se­cond World Wars), however there were pe­riods, which instigated the progress of sciences and founding of new scientific journals. Both trends were apparent in years after the fall of former Hungarian regime in 1990. The structure of book and journal publishing has changed substantially, some publishers fell “victim” others started successfully as well. The latters include the then-established publishing house Literatura Medica and its own scientific journal, Lege Artis Me­di­cinae (according to its subtitle: New Hun­garian Medical Herald) issued first in 1990. Its appearance enhanced significantly the medical press market. Its scientific publications compete with articles of the well-established domestic medical journals however its philosophy set brand-new trends on the market. Concerning the medical community, it takes on its problems and provides a forum for them. These problems are emerging questions in health care, economy and prevention, in close interrelation with system of public health institutions, infrastructure and situation of those providing individual health services. In all of them, Lege Artis Medicinae follows consequently the ideas of traditional social medicine.]