Lege Artis Medicinae

[Familiar faces - the portraits of Habsburg sovereigns]

NÉMETH István

SEPTEMBER 10, 2001

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2001;11(08-09)

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[ABSTRACTS OF HUNGARIAN AUTHORS’ ARTICLES PUBLISHED ABROAD]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Wegener’s granulomatosis: diagnostic questions]

CSISZÉR Eszter, SOLTÉSZ Ibolya, FÜZESI Katalin

[INTRODUCTION - Wegener’s granulomatosis is a disease of unknown origin classified as an immune vasculitis. The main pathologic feature is necrotising granulomatous small vessel vasculitis. Clinically the upper and/or lower airways are affected most often as well as the kidneys in the generalised form. The highly specific antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies have diagnostic significance beside the pathology and clinical symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS - We have studied the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of 15 cases diagnosed in our centre from the last 25 years. All patients had pulmonary manifestation. We analysed the organ involvement, clinical signs indicating the diagnosis, chest radiography, chances for biopsies of diagnostic significance and the difficulties of differential diagnostics. RESULTS - The diagnosis was made based on histological samples from the upper airways in three cases and from the lower airways in six cases (in four cases the bronchoscopic biopsies were diagnostic, in two patients thoracotomy was necessary). In six cases, clinical signs and typical organ manifestations were the basis of the diagnosis. CONCLUSION - This very rarely occurring disease which is difficult to recognise requires pulmonological examination due to the involvement of lungs. If this diagnosis comes to mind - based on findings of bilateral, multiplex, round pulmonal shadows with cavitation - the pulmonologist should search for other organ manifestations and involve respective specialists. Ideally, diagnosis is established by histopathology or by positive cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Dear Readers!]

KAPÓCS Gábor

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Famous medical historian - Árpád Herczeg]

KAPRONCZAY Károly

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[Modern story with a moral]

LEHOCZKY Péter

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FODOR Gábor, GARTNER Béla, KECSKÉS Gabriella

[A 21 year female polytraumatized patient was admitted to our unit after a serious motorbike accident. We carried out CT imaging, which confirmed the fracture of the C-II vertebra and compression of spinal cord. Futhermore, the diagnostic investigations detected the compound and comminuted fracture of the left humerus and femur; the sacrum and the pubic bones were broken as well. After the stabilization of the cervical vertebra, a tracheotomy and the fixation of her limbs were performed. She spent 1.5 years in our unit. Meanwhile we tried to fix all the medical problems related to tetraplegia and respiratory insufficiency. As part of this process she underwent an electrophysiological examination in Uppsala (Sweden) and a diaphragm pacemaker was implanted. Our main goal was to reach the fully available quality of life. It is worth making this case familiar in a wider range of public as it could be an excellent example for the close collaboration of medical and non-medical fields.]

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[Imaging of mesenterial panniculitis - Case report]

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[INTRODUCTION - Mesenterial panniculitis is a rare benign disorder, however it is important to be familiar with, because of the difficulties in differential diagnosis. Authors describe the characteristic imaging signs of the disease based on their two cases. CASE REPORTS - Two male patients (72 and 62 years old) presented with uncertain abdominal pain and weight loss. Acute pancreatitis, chronic gastritis and duodenitis are noted in their case history. The laboratory parameters were normal and the physical examination revealed a palpable epigastrial terime in both patients. Abdominal ultrasound and CT examinations depicted different degree of mesenterial infiltration with lymph node enlargement. Histological analysis of the biopsy sample proved the process to be benign in the first patient. The mass was surgically removed in the second one and histology proved mesenterial panniculitis. CONCLUSION - Mesenterial panniculitis is a benign, chronic non-specific inflammatory disorder. Its appearance may simulate malignant diseases, thus making differential diagnosis is important. Abdominal ultrasound, CT and result of image guided biopsy play an important role in the diagnosis, in case of which conservative therapy and regular follow-up is sufficient.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Five-year results of „Comprehensive Health Screening of Hungary 2010-2020”]

KISS István, BARNA István, DAIKI Tenno, DANKOVICS Gergely

[The „Comprehensive Health Screening of Hungary 2010-2020” have finished the 5th jubilee season. Int he past five year the program was working succesfully as a model for the primer and secondary prevention. The results of comprehensive screening have shown caracteristic picture about the health of population, and many people received education, informations about health protection, prevention and healthy lifestyle. More than 900 places, 7 millions of filled risk queries, 112 000 people’s comprehensive screening and 250 000 counsellings are the summary of activities. Some 200 000 people received the information pack. Significant is the familiar occurence of tumors and cardiovascular diseases, that means 20% of prevalence in test subjects. We are obese, smokers, physically inactive, our health behavior is poor. The improvement of the populational health care activity is among the strategical plans of health politics, and it is badly needed based on the results of MÁESZ Program.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[VASCULARIS NEUROLOGY AS A NEW DIRECTION IN CLASSICAL NEUROLOGY]

NAGY Zoltán

[In the last decades the classical clinical specialties have further differentiated. Increasing number of different new subspecialties were born due to the consequences of the robust progress in basic sciences and medical technology. This process has further accelerated due to the new challenges and possibilities in patients' care. Similar tendencies could be seen in neurology. Recently, significant demand has arisen for educational programs for neurologists who want to be familiar in stroke management. These tendencies are also substantiated by stroke epidemiology. In industrialized countries rapid increase in stroke morbidity has been predicted by the increasing life-expectancy. The management of different acute stroke syndromes, the rehabilitation and treatment of post-stroke states needs education and special skills in the field of vascular neurology. Special postgraduate educational programs in vascular neurology (stroke-ology) are formulated in USA as a new subspecialty and it is under preparation in some countries in Europe as well. In Hungary, the Hungarian Stroke Society has initiated the special clinical training and educational programs as preconditions of issuing a license in vascular neurology.]