Lege Artis Medicinae

[Faces of dementia]

FULLAJTÁR Máté, HIDASI Zoltán

JANUARY 20, 2018

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2018;28(01-02)

[Dementia is defined as a combination of symptoms or as a syndrome. In different types of dementia syndromes cognitive, behavioural and psychological symptoms can be distinguished according to clinical aspects. The prevalence of dementia increases continuously with age, causing significant challenges for the health care system of developed countries. Early diagnosis and early intervention by progression slowing therapy can be defined as goals in treating dementia. At the same time, the education and psy­chological support of the patients, their relatives and health care providers are also essential. A more accurate knowledge of the pathomechanisms behind the symptoms is ne­cessary in order to develop more effective therapies in the future. The authors review the most important types of mild cognitive impairment and dementia syndromes, their clinical and diagnostical criteria and therapeutic possibilities, focusing on early diagnosis and prevention.]

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