Lege Artis Medicinae

[Ethical principles of modern medicine]

OCTOBER 28, 1992

Lege Artis Medicinae - 1992;2(10)

[The analysis and discussion of ethical issues plays an increasingly important role in modern medical thinking and practice. Although ethical issues have been raised in medicine for a very long time and have influenced its development, their study has not yet been carried out in an organised, institutional framework. Today's medical technology and its consequences have forced us to pay greater attention to ethical issues, particularly in the fields of infant medicine, geriatrics and organ transplantation, as well as in health care. Their study has given rise to a new discipline: biomedical ethics or bioethics. The most important development in this thinking is the shift in emphasis in modern medicine from the obligations of the doctor to the rights of the patient. But the society within which medicine operates is also changing. Health care bodies are showing increasing interest in ethical issues, but in many cases those involved lack the theoretical preparation and knowledge to deal with such issues. In this paper, we attempt to shed light on the two main ethical theories in this area, with a particular focus on the medical ethics aspects. ]

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