Lege Artis Medicinae

[CONTEMPORARY THERAPY OF COLORECTAL TUMORS]

LAKATOS László, LAKATOS Péter László

MARCH 20, 2005

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2005;15(03)

[Chemo-radiotherapy of colorectal tumours has become a successful field in oncology. The cornerstone of the treatment has remained the 5- FU containing regimes, however the improvement of administration protocols (e.g. continuous infusion, oral administration) and the addition of biomodulating agents has improved efficacy considerably. The recent availability of newer agents, like irinotecan and oxaliplatin has significantly improved survival of advanced (metastatic) colorectal cancer, extending up to 20 months average survival, also being a consequence of the more aggressive treatment of hepatic and lung metastases. The adjuvant chemotherapy of Dukes’ C tumours has become standard, while the treatment of high-risk B2 tumours is also recommended. Neoadjuvant/adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy improves the prognosis of rectal tumours, however the optimal regime has not yet been determined. The combination of two or more agents is superior to monotherapy and the route and sequence of administration may also influence efficacy. The biological agents of the near future including cetuximab (directed against epidermal growth factor receptor) and bevacizumab (a monoclonal antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor) may further improve survival in poor prognosis patients. The use of the new drugs is limited at the moment by their high costs.]

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[NON-DIFFERENTIATED COLLAGENOSIS]

BODOLAY Edit, SZEGEDI Gyula

[The authors provide a review on non-differentiated collagenosis (NDC) or, as it is called by another terminology, undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD), outlining the clinical and serological alterations of the disease and give a definition of NDC. NDC is a pathological state when patients present clinical symptoms and serological alterations characteristic of a polysystemic autoimmune disease that cannot be explained by any other disease, where the symptoms however do not meet the diagnostic criteria of any other polysystemic autoimmune disease. NDC is a dynamic state and in 25-30% of the cases it may differentiate into CTD but in 40- 50% it remains in NDC stage and in 10-20% of the cases the patient may achieve remission. Differentiation is most frequent in the first two years of NDC. Patients should be treated and followed up in NDC state as well. The NDC stage is very important, since with the discovery of new autoantibodies, by employing new gene technology and by the follow-up and the treatment of the patients, our main aim is the earliest possible detection of differentiation into a definite polysystemic disease.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Flu - Avian flu - Is pandemy a danger?]

BUDAI József

Lege Artis Medicinae

[THE EFFECT OF SEXUAL HORMON ALTERATIONS ON THE FREQUENCY OF OEDEMATOUS ATTACKS IN PATIENTS WITH HEREDITARY ANGIONEUROTIC EDEMA]

FELVINCI Réka, VISY Beáta, NÉMETH Éva, VARGA Lilian, JAKAB László, FARKAS Henriette

[INTRODUCTION - Changes in the body's hormonal equilibrium may alter the frequency of angioedema attacks in patients with hereditary angioneurotic edema. We assessed the relations between the angioedema attacks and puberty, menstruation, anticoncipient pill taking, pregnancy, delivery and menopausa. We also studied the possible impact of an embryo with hereditary angioneurotic edema on the frequency of attacks during pregnancy. PATIENTS, METHODS AND RESULTS - 53 female patients were included in the study. Data was surveyed by a questionnaire and detailed gynecological examination. We pointed out that the frequency of the attacks increased in 34% of the patients during puberty, in 58% of the patients at the time of menstruation and in 63% of the contraceptive pill users. In 36% of the women the frequency decreased in the postmenopausal state. In case the pregnancy affected the disease, the embryo with hereditary angioneurotic edema increased the number of attacks during pregnancy. CONCLUSION - Our analysis shows that conditions with sexual hormon alterations have an effect on the number of edematous attacks, therefore patients with hereditary angioneurotic edema need more attention both in nursing and therapy when they are in a life-period of hormonal change. Our results offer the oppurtunity of a better prediction of edematous attacks thus the oppurtunity of better therapy and better quality of life.]

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[Successful rifaximin therapy for the prevention of travelers’ diarrhea]

NEMESÁNSZKY Elemér

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WINKLER Gábor

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