Lege Artis Medicinae

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MATOS Lajos

OCTOBER 20, 2003

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2003;13(07)

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[AGRESSIVE STRATEGIES IN THE TREATMENT OF INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS]

LENGYEL Mária

[Without treatment, infective endocarditis (IE) is a fatal disease and in spite of contemporary diagnostic and therapeutic tools its prognosis is still poor. The most important first step is the early rise of clinical suspicion which should be confirmed by the new clinical criteria. Echocardiography is a major criterium: transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is superior to transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) both in the diagnosis and in the detection of complications of infective endocarditis. Complications can be valvular (embolism, valvular dysfunction) or perivalvular (abscess, pseudoaneurysm formation) with hemodynamic consequences. TEE is recommended as the first line diagnostic technique (mostly in prosthetic valve infective endocarditis) or as a second study following negative TTE or positive TTE with high clinical risk factors or to define embolic risk. In addition to classical surgical indications, early ”preventive” indications are emphasized which can decrease the still high operative mortality. Improvement of outcome in infective endocarditis can only be expected with agressive management meaning early suspicion, early TEE and early operation.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Antibiotic Treatment of Community-Acquired Respiratory Infections: Strategies Intended to Ensure Optimal Outcome and to Minimize the Development of Resistance]

P. Ball, F. Baquero, O. Cars, T. File, J. Garau, K. Klugman, E. Low, E. Rubinstein, R. Wise

Lege Artis Medicinae

[OBESITY: THE EPIDEMIC OF OUR TIMES]

SIDÓ Zoltán

[The influence of changes in lifestyle on treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases are the objects of surveys in many places of the world. On the basis of clinical trials one can underline that the Mediterranean diet, with enhanced physical activity, changing lifestyle, cessation of smoking, reducing alcohol intake, maintaining normal weight can decrease dyslipidaemia, atherosclerosis and prevent cardiovascular diseases.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[THE USE OF EARLY BIOMARKERS IN PREVENTION. - THE MARKERS OF THE EXPOSITION, EARLY EFFECT AND INDIVIDUAL SENSITIVITY]

EMBER István, KISS István, SÁNDOR János, FEHÉR Katalin, NÉMETH Katalin, LUKÁCS Péter

[The molecular and predictive epidemiology plays more and more important role in the prevention of cancer. With the help of early biomarkers, high risk population could be identified for primary preventive intervention modalities. It uses both molecular biological methods and elements of risk assessment plus a testing system based on animal experiments. Its specificity is not high enough to establish the diagnosis but it can be used to monitor the disease and to follow the effectivity of the therapy (e.g. "minimal residual disease") and the preventive interventions. It is also suitable for risk assessment with the markers of individual susceptibility. As to everyday practice there are many problems because of limited therapeutic possibilities, but we hope that the molecular and predictive epidemiology becomes an important part of medicine in the near future.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT WITH COMPLETE LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS DUE TO VASOVAGAL SYNCOPE]

VARGA Emma, WÓRUM Ferenc, SZABÓ Zoltán, VARGA Mihály, BARTA Kitti, LŐRINCZ István

[INTRODUCTION - Vasovagal syncope is one of the most common causes of complete or partial loss of consciousness, thus it might cause harm to the patients themselves or innocent bystanders while driving a car. CASE REPORT - In our case report we introduce the case of a 60-year-old man who was admitted to hospital after a serious motor vehicle accident due to loss of consciousness. We demonstrate the process and results of complete cardiologic and neurological assessment. Our case report illustrates the importance of recognition of patients with a high risk for incapacitating symptoms due to vasodepressor type vaso vagal syncope and the use of head-up tilt-table test to determine the diagnosis and to guide combined management. CONCLUSION - As transient loss of consciousness during driving may cause potentially fatal accident, it has to be taken into consideration during decision making for issue of driving license in patients with vaso vagal syncope.]

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Double taboo: disabled people, sexual needs during the care in the hospital]

FORRAI Judit

[This paper presents the situation and perceptions of nurses regarding sexuality related to disabled patient care in hospital. The nurses have difficulty dealing with issues of sexuality, and the reasons for this were complex and interrelated. Patient care is influenced by nurses’ perceptions of sexuality. Nurses basically could discuss of sexuality with their patients however, the sexuality is a fundamental part of being human. A person’s sexuality or sexual health can be temporarily or permanently altered by illness or treatment. Nurses are well suited to deal with patients’ needs regarding sexuality, because nurses are in constant contact with patients and because of the intimate nature of care that nurses could provide the sexual care, information’s and education on this field. Professional boundaries are the spaces between the nurse’s “power” and the patient’s vulnerability. The power of the nurse comes from the nurse’s professional position and access to sensitive personal information. Nurses should make every effort to respect the power imbalance and ensure a patient- centered relationship.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The role of risk sharing in drug funding]

KALÓ Zoltán, VOKÓ Zoltán

[In order to make the pharmaceutical budget predictable, an internationally accepted approach of health insurance providers is to shift more and more financial risks to pharmaceutical companies. The major paradox of financial risk-sharing schemes is that increased mortality, poor therapeutic compliance, reduced access to healthcare services, decreasing quality of health care and lack of treatment reduce pharmaceutical spending. Consequently, payers have started to employ reimbursement schemes that enable them to guarantee health gain and quality of service. Introduction of a risk-sharing scheme based on outcome and compliance can be a major advancement in the strategy of the Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF). Funding schemes that guarantee therapeutic benefit can help reduce the uncertainty in coverage decisions regarding high-value, innovative healthcare technologies. However, justification of the parallel use of financial and outcomebased risk-sharing on the micro level is questionable. Even if the primary objective of the NHIF is to ensure the sustainbility of the public pharmaceutical budget, financial risks should be managed on the macro level.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Biportal neuroendoscopy of the prepontine cisterns]

REISCH Róbert, FRIES Georg, PATONAY Lajos, PERNECZKY Axel

[Introduction - While bi- or multiportal approaches have been adopted in different fields of surgery including abdominal and spine surgery, the uniportal access into the skull is a traditional principle in neurosurgery. In this preclinical cadaver study the authors developed combinations of biportal endoneurosurgical dissections in the prepontine subarachnoid space to test the safety of this technique. Methods - In 34 fresh post-mortem adult human cadavers and 14 formaldehyde-fixed adult human head specimen a total of 48 biportal endoscopical dissections were carried out. 0°, 30°, and 70° lens scopes with a diameter of 1.7 and 4.2 mm and trochars with a diameter of 5.0 to 6.5 mm were used. Results - Six different endoscopic routes to the prepontine region and a total of 10 different combinations of this approaches could be described. Useful and safe biportal combinations were: 1. supraorbital on both sides, 2. supraorbital combined with ipsilateral anterior subtemporal, 3. supraorbital combined with contralateral anterior subtemporal, 4. supraorbital combined with ipsilateral posterior subtemporal, 5. supraorbital combined with ipsilateral frontal interhemispheric, 6. supraorbital combined with contralateral frontal interhemispheric, 7. anterior subtemporal combined with ipsilateral frontal interhemispheric, 8. anterior subtemporal combined with contralateral frontal interhemispheric. Conclusion - The biportal endomicrosurgical strategy offered effective and safe dissections within the prepontine subarachnoid space.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[MANAGEMENT AFTER DBS IMPLANTATION]

KOVÁCS Norbert, BALÁS István, JANSZKY József, ASCHERMANN Zsuzsanna, NAGY Ferenc, DÓCZI Tamás, KOMOLY Sámuel

[Deep brain stimulation is a widely used technique for the treatment of movement disorders. This method is a breakthrough in treatment of drug-resistant idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dystonia. The aim of the present paper is to give an inside overview of the postoperative management like fine tuning of the stimulation and balancing the antiparkinsonian medication. We also discuss the advantage of the use of the (Access Therapy) patient controller. After reviewing the stimulation-related side-effects and their management, the contraindicated medical procedures are discussed.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[LOCAL INEQUALITIES IN THE UTILIZATION OF SPECIAL HOME NURSING IN THE SOUTH-TRANSDANUBIAN REGION]

BONCZ Imre, SÁNDOR János, OLÁH András, BETLEHEM József, SEBESTYÉN Andor, KISBENEDEKNÉ Gulyás Kinga, DÓZSA Csaba

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of this study is to analyse the local inequalities in the access and utilization of special home nursing within Hungary focusing on the South-Transdanubian Region. DATA AND METHODS - In the first part of the study we compared the indicators of the access and utilizations of special home nursing at national and county level. In the second part of the analyses we made a detailed analyses of utilization data of home nursing in the three counties (Baranya, Somogy, Tolna) of the South- Transdanubian Region of Hungary. Data is derived from the financial database of the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary for the period 1998-2002. RESULTS - The access of population to the special home nursing increased from 83,8% (1998) to 95,1% (2002). The utilization rate increased from 74,8% (1998) to 84,1% (2002). Within the South-Transdanubian Region we found significant local inequalities in the utilization of services (number of cases, number of visits), which were represented by the tools of geographical information system. CONCLUSIONS - There have been significant differences in the access and utilization of home nursing with remarkable within country inequalities.]