Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Zsuzsanna Kossuth, the first head nurse in all of Hungary was born 200 years ago]


FEBRUARY 28, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(01)



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: how we screen and diagnose?]


[The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is known to cause obstructive apneas and hypopneas mostly with desaturations and/or arousals caused by repetitive collapse of the upper airway system during sleep. The disorder negatively affects sleep efficacy and daytime neurocognitive functions as well as increases cardiovascular risks. The typical clinical presentation is excessive daytime sleepiness and loud snoring interrupted by brief pauses of breathing. Its prevalence is 2-4% in the general population. It may be a causative factor in some disorders such as therapy resistant hypertension, nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias, stroke, cognitive decline or depression. Significance of the disorder is highlighted by the fact that its risk must be evaluated by the family doctors during the examination of medical suitability for driving licence in Hungary. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Investigation of nurses eating habits]


[The aim of the study: was to assess the characteristics of diet among nurses in relation to socio-demographic and workplace related factors. Methods: The survey was conducted in 2015 through a self-constructed online questionnaire. Data were analyzed with SPSS 22.0 using chi square, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: Sixty percent of the 548 involved nurses are overweight. Monthly overtime correlates negatively with the number of daily meals (p=0.003) with having hot meals (p=0.022) and with the opinion about dietary habits (p=0.001). Calm meals are typical for 30%, eating vegetables, fruits and whole grain bakery products for 20% and only 24.3% drinks two litres per day. Having children has beneficial effects on dietary habits. Conclusions: It can be concluded that the majority of the nurses included are overweight and they have dissatisfactory diet. The reasons for these might be rooted in the characteristics of the job and the Hungarian eating habits.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The opinion of parents with premature babies about information regarding homecoming and psychological support]


Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Community nurses’ challenges and occupational health hazards associated with home health care]

HIRDI Henriett Éva, LUKÁCS Miklós, BURCSEK Tóthné Ildikó, BALOGH Zoltán

[The aim of the study was to assess the occupational health hazards associated with the delivery of home health care among nurses in family practices. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was conducted between 20 January 2016 and 15 April among nurses working in general, child and family practices, selected using a random, sampling method (N=983). The data gathering took place using a web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2013 software, employing a descriptive statistical methods. Results: 99,59% of nurses were female with an average of 27,34 years experience. Nurses reported the following frequently health risks at their client’s homes: 71,4% handling sharp devices or equipment, 54,9% contact with human body fluids, 29,51% smoking in home, 13,7% patient handling without slings or handling devices, 8,9% agressive pets, 7,5% neighborhood violence/crime. Conclusions: Results demonstrated an increased biological health risk among nurses. Based on the results, the authors stress the importance of developing and conducting training programs concerning occupational health hazard issues for nurses working in family practices. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Advantages of the bevel down puncture technique]

SOMOSI László, KISS Szilvia, LADÁNYI Erzsébet

[The arterio-venous fistula is also called the dialysis patient’s lifeline. The name lifeline stands for the essential connection between the body and the dialysis machine. Keeping it in good condition is very important, because fistulas play a keyrole in the successful dialysis treatment. Fistula care is indispensable both from the nurse and patient side. The dialysis team is responsible for the fistula puncture and care. We introduced the bevel down puncture technique in November of 2011 for better arterio-venous shunt care. Our dialysis nurses were trained on the correct position of the fistula needle. We emphasised the benefits and long-term effects. We use this technique for all patients, except for the first fistula puncture. The bevel down puncture technique reduces the patient’s fear of fistula puncture as it causes less pain. After removal of the needle, the bleeding time decreased from the approximate 6-7 minutes to less than 5 minutes and bleeding volume is also decreased. It also reduces the size of the scab and the aneurysm formation. In our dialysis unit we have had good experiences with the bevel down puncturing technique, as it kept our patients’ fistulas in good condition, this may prolong vascular accesses lifetime.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Clinical Neuroscience

Fluoxetine use is associated with improved survival of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: A retrospective case-control study

NÉMETH Klára Zsófia, SZÛCS Anna , VITRAI József , JUHÁSZ Dóra , NÉMETH Pál János , HOLLÓ András

We aimed to investigate the association between fluoxetine use and the survival of hospitalised coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia patients. This retrospective case-control study used data extracted from the medical records of adult patients hospitalised with moderate or severe COVID-19 pneumonia at the Uzsoki Teaching Hospital of the Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary between 17 March and 22 April 2021. As a part of standard medical treatment, patients received anti-COVID-19 therapies as favipiravir, remdesivir, baricitinib or a combination of these drugs; and 110 of them received 20 mg fluoxetine capsules once daily as an adjuvant medication. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between fluoxetine use and mortality. For excluding a fluoxetine-selection bias potentially influencing our results, we compared baseline prognostic markers in the two groups treated versus not treated with fluoxetine. Out of the 269 participants, 205 (76.2%) survived and 64 (23.8%) died between days 2 and 28 after hospitalisation. Greater age (OR [95% CI] 1.08 [1.05–1.11], p<0.001), radiographic severity based on chest X-ray (OR [95% CI] 2.03 [1.27–3.25], p=0.003) and higher score of shortened National Early Warning Score (sNEWS) (OR [95% CI] 1.20 [1.01-1.43], p=0.04) were associated with higher mortality. Fluoxetine use was associated with an important (70%) decrease of mortality (OR [95% CI] 0.33 [0.16–0.68], p=0.002) compared to the non-fluoxetine group. Age, gender, LDH, CRP, and D-dimer levels, sNEWS, Chest X-ray score did not show statistical difference between the fluoxetine and non-fluoxetine groups supporting the reliability of our finding. Provisional to confirmation in randomised controlled studies, fluoxetine may be a potent treatment increasing the survival for COVID-19 pneumonia.

Clinical Neuroscience

Cases of inborn errors of metabolism diagnosed in children with autism

CAKAR Emel Nafiye, YILMAZBAS Pınar

Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a heterogeneous presentation, the etiology of which is not clearly elucidated. In recent years, comorbidity has become more evident with the increase in the frequency of autism and diagnostic possibilities of inborn errors of metabolism. One hundred and seventy-nine patients with diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder who presented to the Pediatric Metabolism outpatient clinic between 01/September/2018-29/February/2020 constituted the study population. The personal information, routine and specific metabolic tests of the patients were analyzed retrospectively. Out of the 3261 patients who presented to our outpatient clinic, 179 (5.48%) were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and were included in the study. As a result of specific metabolic examinations performed, 6 (3.3%) patients were diagnosed with inborn errors of metabolism. Two of our patients were diagnosed with classical phenylketonuria, two with classical homocystinuria, one with mucopolysaccharidosis type 3D (Sanfilippo syndrome) and one with 3-methylchrotonyl Co-A carboxylase deficiency. Inborn errors of metabolism may rarely present with autism spectrum disorder symptoms. Careful evaluation of the history, physical examination and additional findings in patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder will guide the clinician in the decision-making process and chose the appropriate specific metabolic investigation. An underlying inborn errors of metabolism may be a treatable cause of autism.

Clinical Neuroscience

Evaluation of the effectiveness of transforaminal epidural steroid injection in far lateral lumbar disc herniations

EVRAN Sevket, KATAR Salim

Far lateral lumbar disc herniations (FLDH) consist approximately 0.7-12% of all lumbar disc herniations. Compared to the more common central and paramedian lumbar disc herniations, they cause more severe and persistent radicular pain due to direct compression of the nerve root and dorsal root ganglion. In patients who do not respond to conservative treatments such as medical treatment and physical therapy, and have not developed neurological deficits, it is difficult to decide on surgical treatment because of the nerve root damage and spinal instability risk due to disruption of facet joint integrity. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) on the improvement of both pain control and functional capacity in patients with FLDH. A total of 37 patients who had radicular pain caused by far lateral disc herniation which is visible in their lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, had no neurological deficit and did not respond to conservative treatment, were included the study. TFESI was applied to patients by preganglionic approach. Pre-treatment Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores of the patients were compared with the 3rd week, 3rd month and 6th month scores after the procedure. The mean initial VAS score was 8.63 ± 0.55, while it was 3.84 ± 1.66, 5.09 ± 0.85, 4.56 ± 1.66 at the 3rd week, 3rd month and 6th month controls, respectively. This decrease in the VAS score was found statistically significant (p = 0.001). ODI score with baseline mean value of 52.38 ± 6.84 was found to be 18.56 ± 4.95 at the 3rd week, 37.41 ± 14.1 at the 3rd month and 34.88 ± 14.33 at the 6th month. This downtrend of pa­tient’s ODI scores was found statistically significant (p = 0.001). This study has demonstrated that TFESI is an effective method for gaining increased functional capacity and pain control in the treatment of patients who are not suitable for surgical treatment with radicular complaints due to far lateral lumbar disc hernia.

Clinical Neuroscience

Comparison of direct costs of percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy and microdiscectomy: Results from Turkey

ÜNSAL Ünlü Ülkün, ŞENTÜRK Salim

Microdiscectomy (MD) is a stan­dard technique for the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic in­terlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD) is another surgical op­tion that has become popular owing to reports of shorter hos­pitalization and earlier functional recovery. There are very few articles analyzing the total costs of these two techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare total hospital costs among microdiscectomy (MD) and uniportal percutaneous full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (PELD). Forty patients aged between 22-70 years who underwent PELD or MD with different anesthesia techniques were divided into four groups: (i) PELD-local anesthesia (PELD-Local) (n=10), (ii) PELD-general anesthesia (PELD-General) (n=10), (iii) MD-spinal anesthesia (MD-Spinal) (n=10), (iv) MD-general anesthesia (MD-General) (n=10). Health care costs were defined as the sum of direct costs. Data were then analyzed based on anesthetic modality to produce a direct cost evaluation. Direct costs were compared statistically between MD and PELD groups. The sum of total costs was $1,249.50 in the PELD-Local group, $1,741.50 in the PELD-General group, $2,015.60 in the MD-Spinal group, and $2,348.70 in the MD-General group. The sum of total costs was higher in the MD-Spinal and MD-General groups than in the PELD-Local and PELD-General groups. The costs of surgical operation, surgical equipment, anesthesia (anesthetist’s costs), hospital stay, anesthetic drugs and materials, laboratory wor­kup, nur­sing care, and postoperative me­dication diffe­red significantly among the two main groups (PELD-MD) (p<0.01). This study demonstrated that PELD is less costly than MD.

Clinical Neuroscience

[The connection between the socioeconomic status and stroke in Budapest]


[The well-known gap bet­ween stroke mortality of Eastern and Western Euro­pean countries may reflect the effect of socioeconomic diffe­rences. Such a gap may be present between neighborhoods of different wealth within one city. We set forth to compare age distribution, incidence, case fatality, mortality, and risk factor profile of stroke patients of the poorest (District 8) and wealthiest (District 12) districts of Budapest. We synthesize the results of our former comparative epidemiological investigations focusing on the association of socioeconomic background and features of stroke in two districts of the capital city of Hungary. The “Budapest District 8–12 project” pointed out the younger age of stroke patients of the poorer district, and established that the prevalence of smoking, alcohol-consumption, and untreated hypertension is also higher in District 8. The “Six Years in Two Districts” project involving 4779 patients with a 10-year follow-up revealed higher incidence, case fatality and mortality of stroke in the less wealthy district. The younger patients of the poorer region show higher risk-factor prevalence, die younger and their fatality grows faster during long-term follow-up. The higher prevalence of risk factors and the higher fatality of the younger age groups in the socioeconomically deprived district reflect the higher vulnerability of the population in District 8. The missing link between poverty and stroke outcome seems to be lifestyle risk-factors and lack of adherence to primary preventive efforts. Public health campaigns on stroke prevention should focus on the young generation of socioeconomi­cally deprived neighborhoods. ]