Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Young adults with inflammatory bowel disease of quality of life]

VARGA Győrfi Krisztina1, VÁRADYNÉ HORVÁTH Ágnes2, TÓTH Marianna1, SZUNOMÁR Szilvia2, PAKAI Annamária3

JUNE 30, 2016

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2016;29(03)

[Aim of the research: In the recent years the number of individuals with inflammatory bowel disease shows a significant increase. The aim was to highlight those factors that negatively affect the quality of life of young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Research and sampling methods: The authors made a cross-sectional, quantitative research at PTE KK between July 15, 2014 and December 31, 2014. During the non-random, convenience sampling, patients with Crohn’s disease or Ulcerative Colitis, aged between 18 and 46 years were included in the target audience. The data collection tools were standard questionnaires (Illness Intrusiveness Ratings Scale, IBDQ, Stoma Quality of Life Scale) and also demographic information (N=103). Beside the descriptive statistics we also used two-sample t-test with the help of the Microsoft Excel 2013 program (p<0,05). Results: The Illness Intrusiveness Ratings Scale mean score was 55,34±17,06 and in the context of the basic disease and socio-demographic indicators show no significant difference (p> 0.05). The average score of the IBDQ was 51,92 ±18,54, as regard the residence we found significant difference (p <0.001). Conclusions: The quality of life of young adults with inflammatory bowel disease must be improved and should be pursued to reduce the disease burden. The multidisciplinary treatment of the disease is important.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. PTE Klinikai Központ Sebészeti Klinika
  2. PTE Egészségtudományi Kar, Pécsi Képzési Központ, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet
  3. PTE ETK, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet, Védőnő és Prevenciós Tanszék

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[Aim of the research: Functional independence determines the elderly’s health and quality of life. In them cross-sectional study the authors analysed the associations between functional abilities (balance, gait, functional mobility, cognitive abilities), age, BMI and comorbidities and independency in older adults with cognitive impairment. Research and sampling methods: 110 elderly people were measured. Self-sufficiency was measured by the Katz-index, balance, and gait by the Tinetti Test and functional mobility by the Timed Up and Go Test. Correlations between variables were analysed with the Spearman’s rank-order correlation. Results: There was strong association between balance (r=0,557), gait (r=0,515), functional mobility (r=-0,647), and independency. It means the better the balance, gait, and functional mobility is, the higher the independency is. There was weak association between age, BMI, cognitive abilities, comorbidities and independency. Conclusion: Results show that preserving of the functional independence in older adults with cognitive impairment is a multidisciplinary task: physiotherapists and nurses should work together to complete doctors’ curative work of chronic diseases.]

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[Aim of the research: To assess the occupational duties and responsibilities of nurses in relation to clinical trials in Hungary. Research and sampling methods: Self-administered questionnaire was used among the colleagues working in the field of clinical trial and IBM SPSS 22.0 software using descriptive statistical methods was performed. Results: It was found that the majority of nurses complete the duties of a study coordinator and the task of a study nurse simultaneously. They were involved in everyday activities that characterise the assistance of patients and in the management of paper-based documentation during clinical trials. Lack of knowledge in English language was identified for the reason of reduced-functionality of nurses in 59 cases. Conclusions: nurses have complex responsibilities, although they meet the requirements when it comes to the professional tasks and documentation obligations, but in the case of more complicated professional challenges nurses get fewer opportunities, mainly because of their poor English skills.]

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Metabolic syndrome is constantly discussed, together with cancer diseases, as one of the biggest threats to the 21st century. Despite the differing indicators of specific diseases behind the metabolic syndrome, it is to be understood as a very risky aspect of health. Primary prevention through life style modifications, specifically reduction of the sedentary way of life and integration of regular physical activity into daily life of children, adults and seniors is an appropriate tool of prevention of metabolic syndrome. A number of valid studies show that increasing physical motion contributes to improvement of diseases that stand behind the metabolic syndrome. However, healthy adult population of the Czech Republic shows distinctive dislike of physical activity and primary prevention is insufficiently supported both by experts dealing with this issue and at political level while secondary prevention prevails. Therefore we consider it imperative to involve more funding into programs supporting physical activity. It is also necessary to explore forms of education within the physically active life style.

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