Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Trends in antibiotic use in ventilator-associated pneumonia in context of using closed suction system]

PETHŐNÉ Tóth Ibolya1, AHMANN Mercédesz2, SHAHOOD Hadel3, BÁLINT Csaba3, PAKAI Annamária4

FEBRUARY 28, 2021

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2021;34(1)

[The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of VAP in open and closed suction techniques and to determine whether closed suction techniques had altered the duration of combination antibiotic use. Quantitative, retrospective study was performed at the Central Anes­thesiology and Intensive Care Unit. A non-randomized, targeted expert study is aimed at patients in intensive care units with evidence of respiratory-related pneumonia. Data were collected from hospital records, the hospital pharmacy IT system, the NNSR system. Descriptive and mathematical statistical methods(p<0,05) were used to evaluate the results. Mean of ventilated days was 9.95±3.35. VAP was reported at an average of 4.95±2.29 days and antibiotic treatment lasted for 8.00±2.66 days. The suction technique showed with the number of intensive care days, the number of ventilation days, the average number of VAPs, and the treatment with antibiotics. The introduction of a closed suction alone did not reduce the incidence of VAP and the use of antibiotics. APN plays an important role in uncovering the risk factors for VAP and preventing its development, which ultimately leads to a reduction in mortality.]


  1. Bugát Pál Kórház Központi Aneszteziológiai és Intenzív Betegellátó Osztály, Gyöngyös
  2. PTE ETK, Doktori iskola, Pécs
  3. PTE ETK, Doktori iskola, Pécs
  4. PTE ETK, Ápolástudományi, Alapozó Egészségtudományi és Védőnői Intézet, Védőnő és Prevenciós Tanszék, Szombathely



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[The aim of this study: A brief summary of the role of the study nurse in the drug clinical trial. Based on the available literature and practical experience gained on clinical trials in cancer patients, we analyzed the role and expectations of study nurse. Due to a lack of knowledge about clinical trials, nurses are not or reluctant to participate in these. In practice, following the direction of clinical trial protocol, demanding nursing activity and accurate documentation are the basic requirements. If the above requirements are met, the study nurse becomes an indispensable member of the study group.]

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