Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The importance of teamwork in healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic]

NÉMETH Anikó1,2

JUNE 30, 2021

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2021;34(3)

Journal Article

[The present study aimed to investigate the correlations of healthcare teamwork with burnout, workplace uncertainty, and stress factors at the workplace and at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study has been conducted through a self-constructed online questionnaire in the beginning of 2021. The answers of 1965 people have been analysed with SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis were applied (p<0.05). This cross-sectional study has been conducted through a self-constructed online questionnaire in the beginning of 2021. The answers of 1965 people have been analysed with SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis were applied (p<0.05). The present study proved that teamwork has high importance even during the COVID-19 pandemic as a protective factor on many areas.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi és Szociális Képzési Kar
  2. MESZK Csongrád-Csanád Megyei Területi Szervezet

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Changing in the daily nursing duties – epidemiological interventions and protocols in residential care facilities related to elderly care]

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[In this publication we will represent the SWOT-analysis and abilities of the social residential institutes in terms of safety measures and strategies, against the current pandemic situation caused by the Covid-19 outbreak. Our analysis involves the retirement homes and other caretaking facilities in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County. The data was acquired through anonym only surveys. We will introduce new challenges and task in the daily life of the retirement homes, furthermore we will provide advice and references to these institutes to help them create their own epidemiological protocols and to measure their own preparedness from a professional viewpoint. The aim of study: The goal of our examination was to assess the entire Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County, which by we can gain insight into the situation of the retirement homes during the current pandemic period in the whole county. In Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County there are 97 active retirement homes and caretaking facilities, the leaders of the facilities were asked to fill out an anonymous online survey. Based on the received data, we formed our opinion and draw conclusions. Based on the aspects of the SWOT-analysis used in the research and after the analysis of the results, we can state that the epidemiological experience, knowledge and expertise of the people working in health care show an insufficient picture. Many institutions have faced unresolved labour challenges and challenges, the difficulty of converting living quarters for isolation, and the general unpreparedness to deal with a viral situation of this caliber. The ban on visits to prevent the spread of the virus has also made it more difficult to care for those in need of special care, and in several cases, the attitude of relatives hindered the work of the institutions. Fortunately, in addition to the difficulties that arise, some positive changes should be also highlighted, such as the conscientious approach to the task of forging a team of employees. As a consequence, we can conclude that in the analysis we obtained and evaluated the serious difficulties in relation to the problems of the institutions, there are some options as solution to these. Possible solutions include further training, institution-specific guidelines, development and application of protocols in epidemic situations, support for crisis management and crisis communication within institutions. In the heightened situation, the acquisition of appropriate communication techniques to reassure relatives and patients are essential tools for the solution. Central guidance, monitoring and support are also needed to make all of these options a reality.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Analysis of the impact of dysphagia among stroke patients in acute care]

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[Stroke is the third most common cause of death in Europe. In Hungary, 40-50 thousand people enter the stroke centers in every year, of which about 15 thousand die. Among the residual symptoms, impairment of swallowing function is significant, which can lead to a life-threatening condition. In our prospective, controlled study, we aimed to investigate the descriptive indicators of swallowing disorders in stroke patients undergoing acute care. The study was done at the Stroke Unit of the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, between July and November 2020. During this period, 122 patients were included in the study group. The degree of consciousness (p <0.001, Cramer’s V 0.479) and the presence of facial paresis (p <0.001, Cramer’s V 0.73) basically determine the risk of developing swallowing disorders. The incidence of aspiration pneumonia was not higher in the sample than in the control group (p = 0.138). Based on our results, the assessment of the risk of swallowing disorders is an essential element in the care of stroke patients.]

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[Nursing Bag Technique, Practice in home health care]

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[The nursing bag has been used by District Nurses and Home Care Visiting Nurses for decades to transport patient care equipment and supplies to patients’ homes. The nursing bag is transported from the patient’s home to another family’s living space and may serve as a vehicle for transmitting pathogen microorganisms. This article will focus on the core and supplementary contents in the nursing bag and on principles of practice called “bag technique” to prevent the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms.]

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The current study aimed to examine the effect of sniffing Turkish coffee on the sense of smell in COVID-19 patients. This study utilized the experiment-control method. Data were collected using a patient and disease information form and the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center (CCCRC) Test. An experimental group of patients sniffed Turkish coffee, and the coffee’s effect on the patients’ sense of smell was examined. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 (IBM). Of the patients in the experimental group, 25% had moderate hyposmia, 58.3% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia prior to sniffing Turkish coffee. After sniffing the Turkish coffee, 13.3% of these patients regained their ability to smell normally, while 18.3% had mild hyposmia, 45% had moderate hyposmia, 6.7% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia. There was no difference in the control group between first and second measurement. COVID-19 patients who sniffed Turkish coffee intermittently regained some of their sense of smell for one hour. Turkish coffee is cheap, fragrant, widely available, and easy to access. Therefore, results of this study suggest that it may be recommended for treating olfactory disorder in COVID-19 patients.

Clinical Neuroscience

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