Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The importance of teamwork in healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic]

NÉMETH Anikó1,2

JUNE 30, 2021

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2021;34(3)

Journal Article

[The present study aimed to investigate the correlations of healthcare teamwork with burnout, workplace uncertainty, and stress factors at the workplace and at home during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study has been conducted through a self-constructed online questionnaire in the beginning of 2021. The answers of 1965 people have been analysed with SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis were applied (p<0.05). This cross-sectional study has been conducted through a self-constructed online questionnaire in the beginning of 2021. The answers of 1965 people have been analysed with SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis were applied (p<0.05). The present study proved that teamwork has high importance even during the COVID-19 pandemic as a protective factor on many areas.]


  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi és Szociális Képzési Kar
  2. MESZK Csongrád-Csanád Megyei Területi Szervezet



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Changing in the daily nursing duties – epidemiological interventions and protocols in residential care facilities related to elderly care]

HADOBÁSNÉ Kiss Hedvig, BALOGH Zoltán

[In this publication we will represent the SWOT-analysis and abilities of the social residential institutes in terms of safety measures and strategies, against the current pandemic situation caused by the Covid-19 outbreak. Our analysis involves the retirement homes and other caretaking facilities in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County. The data was acquired through anonym only surveys. We will introduce new challenges and task in the daily life of the retirement homes, furthermore we will provide advice and references to these institutes to help them create their own epidemiological protocols and to measure their own preparedness from a professional viewpoint. The aim of study: The goal of our examination was to assess the entire Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County, which by we can gain insight into the situation of the retirement homes during the current pandemic period in the whole county. In Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County there are 97 active retirement homes and caretaking facilities, the leaders of the facilities were asked to fill out an anonymous online survey. Based on the received data, we formed our opinion and draw conclusions. Based on the aspects of the SWOT-analysis used in the research and after the analysis of the results, we can state that the epidemiological experience, knowledge and expertise of the people working in health care show an insufficient picture. Many institutions have faced unresolved labour challenges and challenges, the difficulty of converting living quarters for isolation, and the general unpreparedness to deal with a viral situation of this caliber. The ban on visits to prevent the spread of the virus has also made it more difficult to care for those in need of special care, and in several cases, the attitude of relatives hindered the work of the institutions. Fortunately, in addition to the difficulties that arise, some positive changes should be also highlighted, such as the conscientious approach to the task of forging a team of employees. As a consequence, we can conclude that in the analysis we obtained and evaluated the serious difficulties in relation to the problems of the institutions, there are some options as solution to these. Possible solutions include further training, institution-specific guidelines, development and application of protocols in epidemic situations, support for crisis management and crisis communication within institutions. In the heightened situation, the acquisition of appropriate communication techniques to reassure relatives and patients are essential tools for the solution. Central guidance, monitoring and support are also needed to make all of these options a reality.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Analysis of the impact of dysphagia among stroke patients in acute care]

GRÁNÁSI Bettina, PAPP László

[Stroke is the third most common cause of death in Europe. In Hungary, 40-50 thousand people enter the stroke centers in every year, of which about 15 thousand die. Among the residual symptoms, impairment of swallowing function is significant, which can lead to a life-threatening condition. In our prospective, controlled study, we aimed to investigate the descriptive indicators of swallowing disorders in stroke patients undergoing acute care. The study was done at the Stroke Unit of the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, between July and November 2020. During this period, 122 patients were included in the study group. The degree of consciousness (p <0.001, Cramer’s V 0.479) and the presence of facial paresis (p <0.001, Cramer’s V 0.73) basically determine the risk of developing swallowing disorders. The incidence of aspiration pneumonia was not higher in the sample than in the control group (p = 0.138). Based on our results, the assessment of the risk of swallowing disorders is an essential element in the care of stroke patients.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Changes in Quality of Life in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease following Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Surgery]

POLGÁRNÉ Lőrinczi Andrea, PAPP László

[The primary objective of our study was to assess the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) on subjectively lived quality of life in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Our focus was on postoperative changes in patients’ activities, social relationships, as well as changes observed in drug therapy as a result of stimulation. In our qualitative, phenomenological study, we conducted interviews with PD patients 4–10 months after DBS surgery. The 30-60 minute interviews were conducted between July 1 and December 31, 2020. Patients reported positive changes in daily activities, work ability, sleep quality, mood and medication. No change in cognitive status was identified. After DBS surgery, patients’ quality of life changes in a clear positive direction. To achieve the optimal effect of the intervention, given the complexity of the disease, the basic motive for care should be a holistic approach.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nursing Bag Technique, Practice in home health care]

HIRDI Henriett Éva, DALLOSNÉ Király Erika, KÁLMÁNNÉ Simon Mária

[The nursing bag has been used by District Nurses and Home Care Visiting Nurses for decades to transport patient care equipment and supplies to patients’ homes. The nursing bag is transported from the patient’s home to another family’s living space and may serve as a vehicle for transmitting pathogen microorganisms. This article will focus on the core and supplementary contents in the nursing bag and on principles of practice called “bag technique” to prevent the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Vaccines against COVID-19 pandemic]


[The rapidly spreading SARS-CoV2 respiratory virus has evoked an epidemic with serious aftermath around the world. In addition to the health effects, the global economic damage is actually unpredictable. At the same time, the pandemic has launched a series of unprecedented collaborative scientific research, including the development of vaccines. This study summarizes up-to-date information on vaccines, immune memory, and some emerging clinical effects.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Correlations Between Burnout and Socio-demographic and Workplace Related Factors Among Health-care Workers During The Covid-19 Pandemics]


[The present study aimed to assess the level of burn-out among health-care workers in 2020 and its correlations with socio-demographic and workplace related factors. The cross-sectional study was conducted by the means of a self-constructed online survey in the beginning of 2021. The responses of 1965 people were analysed with the help of SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis probes were run (p<0.05). Severe burnout was present in 46.7% of the responders. Age, marital status, type of health-care provided and years spent in the health-care system didn’t show any correlation with burnout. Unsure vision, opinion about salary raise and uncertainty at the workplace influenced the level of burnout significantly (p<0.000). The mental health of health-care workers is in continuous decline, in which the COVID-19 pandemic might play a big role. People with worse mental health feel more uncertain regarding their future and job; this might make providing health-care more and more difficult.]

Clinical Neuroscience

Acute transverse myelitis after inactivated COVID-19 vaccine

ERDEM Şimşek Nazan, DEMIRCI Seden, ÖZEL Tuğba , MAMADOVA Khalida, KARAALI Kamil , ÇELIK Tuğba Havva , USLU Ilgen Ferda, ÖZKAYNAK Sibel Sehür

Vaccines against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been rapidly developed to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. There is increasing safety concerns regarding COVID-19 vaccines. We report a 78-year old woman who was presented with tetraparesis, paresthesias of bilateral upper extremities, and urinary retention of one-day duration. Three weeks before these symptoms, she was vaccinated with CoronaVAC vaccine (Sinovac Life Sciences, China). Spine magnetic resonance imaging showed longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (TM) from the C1 to the T3 spinal cord segment. An extensive diagnostic workup was performed to exclude other possible causes of TM. We suggest that longitudinally extensive TM may be associated with COVID-19 vaccination in this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of longitudinally extensive TM developing after CoronaVac vaccination. Clinicians should be aware of neurological symptoms after vaccination of COVID-19.

Clinical Neuroscience

The effect of sniffing Turkish coffee on olfactory disorders in COVID-19 patients: An experimental clinical study


The current study aimed to examine the effect of sniffing Turkish coffee on the sense of smell in COVID-19 patients. This study utilized the experiment-control method. Data were collected using a patient and disease information form and the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center (CCCRC) Test. An experimental group of patients sniffed Turkish coffee, and the coffee’s effect on the patients’ sense of smell was examined. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 (IBM). Of the patients in the experimental group, 25% had moderate hyposmia, 58.3% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia prior to sniffing Turkish coffee. After sniffing the Turkish coffee, 13.3% of these patients regained their ability to smell normally, while 18.3% had mild hyposmia, 45% had moderate hyposmia, 6.7% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia. There was no difference in the control group between first and second measurement. COVID-19 patients who sniffed Turkish coffee intermittently regained some of their sense of smell for one hour. Turkish coffee is cheap, fragrant, widely available, and easy to access. Therefore, results of this study suggest that it may be recommended for treating olfactory disorder in COVID-19 patients.

Clinical Neuroscience

The effect of starting a meal with salt and date palm on taste impairment caused by COVID-19


This study was conducted to examine the effect of starting a meal with salt and date palm on the sense of taste in COVID-19 patients. This study was conducted using a randomized controlled method. Patient and disease information forms and Visual Analog Scale were used for data collection. Salt and date palm were used to stimulate the sense of taste in two different experimental groups. No procedure was made in the control group except for the practice of the clinic. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 25. The mean ages of all groups were between 43.42 ± 8.60 and 47.22 ± 12.04 years. Fever, sore throat, dry mouth, cough, muscle weakness, and similar symptoms were present in all groups. Significant improvements were found in patients with hypoageusia and ageusia after date palm and salt application (p<0.01). For taste impairment caused by COVID-19, consumption of date palm and tasting very little salt for therapeutic purposes may help to alleviate taste impairment. Based on the data obtained from this study, the pathophysiology of the effects of date palm and salt on taste complications should be investigated.