Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Health concept of nursing students (BSc)]

NÉMETH Anikó1, BÁRSONYNÉ KIS Klára1, LOBÁNOV-BUDAI Éva1

OCTOBER 30, 2014

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2014;27(05)

[Aim of the study: Assessing the effect of health pedagogy and health development courses on the health concept of nursing students (BSc). The authors assumed that attending these courses will enhance the health perception of the students. Sample and methods: This follow-up study was conducted in September 2013 and in May 2014 involving second-year nursing students (N=61). Drawing and discussing the pictures provided the material for the analysis. Results: Physical, social and emotional dimensions were the most emphatic at both samplings, whereas after the courses the importance of mental, spiritual dimensions and society was significantly higher. The pictures were more detailed (p<0.001), the number of each dimension and their elements was elevated. The importance of living and natural environment was also present. Conclusions: Attending the courses in health pedagogy and health development enhances and broadens the health concept of nursing students.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szegedi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi és Szociális Képzési Kar Egészségmagatartás és –fejlesztés Szakcsoport

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nursing Aspects of Communication with Conscious Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation]

TÖREKI Noémi, SMUDLA Anikó, GONDOS Tibor

[Aim of the study: The authors aimed to represent the verbal and non-verbal communication of intensive care unit nurses and reveal the difficulties they face when communicating with conscious patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Sample and methods: The study was conducted with the participation of nurses working in three intensive care units of Semmelweis University, with the use of a questionnaire that was filled in by 59 nurses. Results: There was a significant difference in the quality of communication between the day shift and the night shift (p<0.001). The workload of nurses has an impact on the effectiveness of their communication. The number of patients in the day shift (p=0.016) is also crucial and having a part-time job is determinant in the night shift (p=0,026). In both shifts, burnout of nurses had considerable effect on their communication with conscious patients who receive mechanical ventilation (day shift p=0.007; night shift=0.030), while their empathy did not. Conclusions: The environmental factors influenced the effectiveness of communication. Establishing contact with patients receiving mechanical ventilation can be improved by appropriate education of nurses, thus, the authors put forward a proposal for trainings on the subjects of communication and counselling.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Application of „The Parental Belief Scale for Parents of Hospitalized Children” questionnaire in Hungarian language]

MIKLÓSI Mónika, PERCZEL FORINTOS Dóra

[Aim of the study: Beliefs about parental role and efficacy was shown to be important in adaptation to child’s hospitalization; there is a lack of adequate measure of this construct, however. Our aim was the evaluation of the Hungarian version of The Parental Belief Scale for Parents of Hospitalized Children (PBS; Melnyk, 1994) assessing parents’ beliefs about their ability to understand and predict their children’s behaviours and emotions, as well as to participate in their children’s care during hospitalization. Sample and methods: The Hungarian version of the PBS was evaluated using a back-translation process. One hundred parents of hospitalized children in Heim Pál Children’s Hospital, Department of Surgery and Traumatology fulfilled the measure along with questionnaires regarding demographics, general parental self-efficacy and state-anxiety. Results: The Hungarian version of the PBS showed excellent internal consistency (α=0,94), and good stability (r=0,85 p<0,001). A significant positive correlation of medium effect size was found between PBS scores and general parental self-efficacy (r=0,30 p=0,025). Parent’s state anxiety was significantly negatively related to their self-efficacy beliefs regarding hospital setting (r=-0,48 p<0,001). Conclusion: The Hungarian version of the PBS was shown to be a reliable and valid instrument for measuring efficacy-beliefs of parents of hospitalized children.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Contact between the polycystic ovary syndrome and the metabolic syndrome]

KISS Katalin, VÁRADYNÉ HORVÁTH Ágnes, PAKAI Annamária

[Aim of the study: The objective of my thesis was to examine the presence of metabolic syndrome with the disorder of glucose metabolism among patients diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Sample and methods: 98 female patients diagnosed with PCOS, aged 18-45, took part in the retrospective quantitative study, anthropometric data and laboratory parameters relevant to metabolic profile were analysed. We applied descriptive statistics with SPSS 17 software, as well as Chi2-test and regression analysis (p <0.05) Results: 46% of the study population were found to be overweight. There was a significant correlation between BMI index and blood pressure and lipid profile (p<0.05). Metabolic syndrome was confirmed by more than 40% of the patients Conclusion: The PCOS is an endocrine disease, which affects multiple organ systems. The patients should be screened towards metabolic syndrome to achieve a correct diagnosis, regardless of the BMI values. The findings of our research and the confirmed correlations highlight the need for a development in care protocols.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The malnutrition and the possibilities of its therapy in childhood]

GELENCSÉR Erzsébet

[Malnutrition is a very important clinical condition in pediatrics. However, undernutrition as negative impact on length hospital stay, risk of infection and health care costs. Moerver, it also effects the cognitive development of children. STONG is an easy-to use screening tool that can be recorded in a few minutes, and it does not require special knowledge measurement or follow-up. In Kaposi Mór Hospital (Kaposvár) the risk of malnutrition was assessed by STRONG nutritonal risk screening tool in 31 patient of child-gastroenterology ambulatory (02.01.2014-30.06.2014). In case of malnutrition counselling and use of special formulas are essential besides evaluating tehe cause of malnutrition.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Who helps the caregivers? - Psychosocial characteristics of nurses in dementia care ]

STALLER Judit, KOVÁCS Zsuzsanna, PÁLVÖLGYI Miklós

[The aim of the study: Studies underline the increasing burden of dementia people. Hungarian social care system is also facing dementia care challenge. In case of developing of social sector, it is beneficial to research the psychosocial status of nurses working in dementia care. Material and method: N=130 professional caregivers in dementia care filled out self- administered questionnaires. Standardized health-psychological scales were evaluated: SWLS, Rahe’s Life Meaning, Beck’s Inventory of Measuring Depression, Maastricht Vital Exhaustion, Freudenberger’s Burn Out Inventory. Results: Caregivers have fatigue, dissatisfaction and tendency of quitting profession. Scales show high burn-out, exhaustion and depression and show correlations. Depression correlates with vital exhaustion (r=0.549), depression moves with burn out r=0,528. SWLS correlates opposite with Vital Exhaustion: r = - 366. Coherence and SWLS shows statistically significance correlation: r=0,455. Conclusion: Indicators apply nurses are in risk conditions. More focus on workplace satisfaction, psychosocial care and stress management training is essential. .]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The effects of night shifts on nurses]

OFORI-ATTAH Barbara, NÉMETH Anikó

[Aim of the research: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of night shifts on the somatic and psychic health, sleeping habits and substance use of nurses. Research and sampling methods: A self constructed questionnaire was administered online in October 2014 (N=396). Data were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 using descriptive statistics, chi-square and unpaired two-sample t-tests program (p<0.05). Results: Nurses having night shifts evaluated their health as worse (p=0.031), backache (p=0.019) and heartburn (p=0.029) were reported more frequent. They consume significantly more cigarettes (p=0.011). They experience more work related stress (p=0.002) and sleep disorders (p=0.006). Regarding burn-out (p=0.438) and chronic diseases (p=0.061) there was no significant difference between nurses with and without night shifts. Conclusions: Night shifts affect the health and substance use of nurses and disturb their biorhythms. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Is it necessary? - Opinions and experiences about a first aid programme for children - pilot study]

BÁNFAI Bálint, PANDUR Attila, SCHISZLER Bence, RADNAI Balázs, BÁNFAI-CSONKA Henrietta, BETLEHEM József

[INTRODUCTION - Starting first aid education in early childhood can be an effective method of knowledge transfer. AIM - Our aim was to examine first aid education related opinions of kindergarten- and primary school children, educators, and parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS - 871 people (children, educators, parents) were involved in our study. Opinions were measured with self-administered questionnaires, containing mainly open questions. RESULTS - General opinion of parents and educators on first aid education in childhood were mainly positive, but they also gave negative ones. The majority of participants had a positive opinion about our completed program. Based on the opinions of parents and educators first aid education is recommended by health care professionals. Opinions were independent from gender, age, lenght of time of working with children in all cases (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS - General opinion of parents and educators was varied, but it was generally positive concerning our program. Based on this results opinions can be changed with concrete activities. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nurses Knowledge and Tasks of real Time Evacuation of Inpatient Care Institutions]

PÁPAI Dániel, PÁPAI Tibor

[In our modern, globalized world, there is a significant increase in the number of events requiring immediate action where coordinating the rescue, health care and placement of several people at the same time. Unfortunately, we can count not only on international, but domestic relations, for various mass disaster threats and events, whether it is a natural disaster or a different form of artificial disaster. It is of the utmost importance to treat such a qualified situation in inpatient care and health care institutions, where there is a large number of patients and caregivers with limited self-reliance and movement. Although it is important to emphasize the importance of disaster prevention in the domestic context, in cases requiring immediate and rapid intervention, there is a great deal of responsibility and responsibility for nursing staff. By questionnaire surveys, we investigated the catastrophic and evacuation knowledge of inpatient care nurses and the system and method of acquiring these skills. After the results were processed, we concluded that our assumptions proved that the knowledge of the target group in question was very incomplete. In order to increase efficiency, we consider it of the utmost importance to develop a procedure based on unified principles but to adapt to the local conditions of the given institution and to develop its ability-based education system. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[EFFECT OF END-OF-LIFE EDUCATION ON MEDICAL STUDENTS’ AND HEALTH CARE WORKERS’ DEATH ATTITUDE]

HEGEDÛS Katalin, ZANA Ágnes, SZABÓ Gábor

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our research was to evaluate the effect of courses for health care workers and medical students that deal with death, dying and bereavement and that of courses on hospice care of dying patients. The goal of the courses is to make communication on death more open by exploring critical issues related to fear of death to reduce inner anxiety and to improve attitude to dying patients. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD - Participants (n=168) completed Neimeyer and Moore's Multi-dimensional Fear of Death Scale (MFODS) and Shortened Beck Depression Questionnaire (BDI) on the first and last day of the courses. In case of health care workers a follow-up survey was also performed 2 to 3 months after the course (n=32). RESULTS - The most significant factors of fear of death are: fear for significant others, fear of the dying process and fear of premature death. Overall fear of death scores are reduced as an effect of the courses, the alteration of the components of fear of death depends on the participants’ gender, age and profession as well. Improvement was observed in both groups in attitudes that can be related to the increase of knowledge on the quality care of dying patients like fear from the process of dying and fear from conscious experience of death. CONCLUSION - Besides education containing training as well it is important to strengthen the support function of workplaces in caring for the mental health of the health care staff. Furthermore it is important during gradual education that students participate in courses that aim to achieve opened communication in the most anxiety-evoking issues.]