Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Comparative analysis of attitudes during stroke among risk-exposed gypsy and caucasian hungarian population]

SÁNTHA Emese, PAPP László

DECEMBER 30, 2014

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2014;27(06)

[Aim of the study: The authors’s aim was to examine causasian and gypsy hungarians attitude towards illness and their knowledge about stroke. Further aim was to study whether the social and financial status and scholastic qualification have an impact on attitude during illness. Sample and methods: A self-made questionnaire was used for data collection. The authors asked 53 gypsy hungarians with a response rate of 85% (45 in total) and 50 causasian hungarians (response rate: 100%, 50 in total). Results: The gypsy persons have less knowledge about stroke than hungarians. The gypsys’ sociodemographic indicators are significantly worse than the other study group. Bad financial conditions and low employment rate seem to sustain the aversive attitude towards illness. Conclusions: If the non-desirable attitude is sustained by low qualification, employment rate and bad financial conditions, then the settlement of these areas could have an effect on the persons’ health. This study expands previous results, since it shows that the attitude towards illness is not only influenced by the knowledge about health and sickness, but also by the level of education. ]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Complications and affecting factors of the healing after amputation]

KISS Bernadett Mária

[Aims of the study: To assess whether what complication following primary amputation and what are the chances of the proportion of patients healing who were treated with diabetic foot syndrome and/or lower extremity vascular disease at the Surgical Ward of the Hospital Siofok. Furthermore, to assess the factors that adversely affect the process of healing (addiction, other diseases, type of care after postoperative period and social conditions). Sample and methods: Patients were amputated by reason of diabetic foot syndrome and/or lower extremity vascular disease at the Surgical Ward of the Hospital Siofok between January of 2012 and September of 2013. (N=100) The method of data collection was analysis of the patient’s documentations. Results: 52% of the sample affected by the post-primary lower limb amputation complications. There was no significant correlation between the type of care after postoperative period and conduct of reamputatio. There was no significant correlation between the number of amputations experienced by the patients and the regular appearance of specialized controls. Conclusions: The proposals were formulated based on the following criteria: using for primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Socio-cultural environment as a factor influencing perception of overweight and obesity]

VĚRA Olišarová, VALÉRIE Tóthová, FRANTIŠEK Dolák

[The increase of incidence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide problem. Its therapy, as well as prevention, require holistic perception of the issue. The results demonstrate that these diseases cannot be perceived separately but from the perspective of health impact. The socio-economic area, the influences of ethnicity, cultural particularities and a lot of other factors must be considered. This article is focusing on the relation between the socio-cultural environment and perception of overweight and obesity as factors which can be directly reflected with preventive and therapeutic measures. The results show that ethnicity, cultural particularities, acculturation level, social status etc. are factors that influence the incidence of the relevant diseases to some degree. At present, there is lack of sufficient research studies which support the creation and implementation of culturally adequate interventions not only on the territory of the Czech Republic but worldwide. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Disabled children in the family]

MÓRICZ Lászlóné

[Aim of the study: The arrival of a disabled child at the family is not a happy event at all. The whole life of the family would change and they must face lots of difficulties and impediments. Parents of disabled children become underprivileged financially and socially. They must continuously deal with the structural problems of the social system and the probability of out casting process which are the objects of this study. Sample and methods: Present case study is about a girl suffering from Mucopalysaccharidosis disease and her family. This descriptive study is based on observations, data collecting and analyzing and interviews with the mother. Results: This case is a perfect example to show the structural problems of the social system, which can be latent or not having received the necessary emphasis as most of the time only the parents concerned can see them so they remain unsolved. At the same time it causes great permanent changes having considerable effects on the life of the family. Conclusions: Solutions to the above mentioned problem can be the specialization of the education, the inspection of the nursing districts’ boundaries, the prevention of burning out syndrome of the helpers with proper trainings or if necessary, where there would be only one possible solution, the modification of the legislation.]

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Clinical Neuroscience

Hyperhomocysteinemia in female migraineurs of childbearing ages


Background and purpose - Migraine is a risk factor for ischemic stroke in women of childbearing ages. Previous researches revealed a higher prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia in migraineurs. Possible differences on the frequencies of hyperhomocysteinemia between migraine with aura and migraine without aura could contribute the established variances in stroke risk between these migraine types. Therefore, we aimed to search if the frequency of hyperhomocysteinemia was different between these subtypes of migraine or not. Methods - We analyzed the findings of serum homocysteine levels in female migraineurs of 16-49 years old who admitted to our outpatient clinic. Results - Homocysteine level was elevated in 13.3% of study population. There were not any significant differences on median serum homocysteine levels between migraine with aura (8.0 mikromol/L) and without aura (8.5 mikromol/L). (p=0.426) The frequencies of hyperhomocysteinemia were also similar (9.1% versus 16.7%, respectively; p=0.373). Correlation analyses did not reveal any linear correlation between ages and homocysteine levels either in group of migraine with aura or in group of migraine without aura (p=0.417 and p=0.647, respectively). Similarly, any linear correlation between disease ages and homocysteine levels either in group of migraine with aura or in group of migraine without aura was not detected (p=0.359 and p=0.849, respectively). Conclusion - The median serum homocysteine levels and the frequencies of hyperhomocysteinemia are similar between migraine with aura and without aura in women of childbearing ages. Therefore, the variances on stroke risk ratios between these types of migraine are probably not originated from the differences of serum homocysteine status.

Clinical Neuroscience

A rare aetiology of stroke; myxomatous aneurysm caused by atrial myxoma

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Atrial myxoma is a rare cause of stroke. In this report we present the case of a 52-year-old female patient who went to hospital suffering from a headache. Her neurological examination was normal except for a positive Babinski sign on the left. In the superolateral of the right, a Sylvian fissure consistent with a thrombosed aneurysm was detected using computerised tomography (CT). Diffusion MRI showed an acute infarction on the right MCA area. Transthorasic Echocardiography and ECG were normal. A -16×4 mm-sized fusiform perpendicular aneurysm on the M2 segment Sylvian curve of right MCA and a -6×4 mm-sized dissecting aneurysm on P3 segment of the left posterior cerebral artery (PCA) were observed in cerebral angiography. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) demonsrated a large mass with a suspected size of 2×2×1.5 cm on the left atrium. The mass was resected and on the eighth day after the operation, she had a temporary vision loss and hyperintensity on the T1 sequence was interpreted as laminary necrosis suspected on Cranial MRI. In follow up, she was stable with 300mg acetylsalicylic acid treatment. The main treatment is surgical resection in stroke caused by atrial myxoma.

Lege Artis Medicinae

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Clinical Neuroscience

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Lege Artis Medicinae

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