Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Care of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis]

PALLA László, BALOGH Zoltán

AUGUST 30, 2015

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2015;28(04)

[Aim of the research: Assessment of workers’ knowledge regarding patients suffering from a rare neurological disorder, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Research and sampling methods: The target groups were: intensive care unit (Group I) and home care service nurses (Group II). The authors chose a self-developed questionnaire study, what was filled out on by 161 nurses. Results: Considering graduation from Group I. 17 (20%), from Group II, 27 (36%) have diploma in nursing education. Based on the answers, the ratio of the results are almost identical. Over 40% declare that they do not have sufficient knowledge, nurses can professional protocols in practice, but not always correctly. Taking the recommendation over 70% of answered the questions correctly. More than 95% of the two surveyed agreed, that they are able to give advice on care. 18.87% of Group I, and 20.97% of Group II attend case discussions weekly. Conclusions: Nurses need to supplement their knowledge about the disease, and technical protocol. Additional information needed to develop the competencies of communication among nurses. I would consider to develop a practice guideline on the disease, which members of the care team will uniformly apply. ]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Investigation of the factors infl uencing among members of the care team in terms of the identity of the leadership]


[Aim of the research: The objective of the research is to map the different subcultures, examine in detail the role of subgroups and the influencing factors that are determining the relationships between the members of the Institution’s healthcare provider teams. Research and sampling methods: Data and information collection was advisedly planned, guided and implemented with help of personal communication techniques. With regard to the final form of data collection method based on standardized preliminary research plan, I’ve selected partly structured and unstructured interview forms, with closed and open questions. The analysis was performed by interviewing 10 chief physicians and 10 head assistants. Results: 100% of the interviewed leaders related that competencies are determined primarily by skills, human attitudes and personality. The analyzed subjects confirmed that well defined expectations expressed by leaders and open communication is enhancing the close co-operation between team members and is reducing hereby the work stress. The investigation underpinned that good co-operation of team leader couples, or lack of co-operation has strong impact on the team’s performance and on the relationships between team members. Conclusions: Identifying, understanding and handling our own or other people feelings, the behavior with our fellow creatures is matter of emotional intelligence, and not of cognitive capability. With help of deep interviews, valid facts, leadership manners, management of conflict situations were identified and pointed at the influencing factors of department’s micro culture and the work atmosphere of the organization. Diversity of the work, rate of workplace monitoring, rate of qualifications and skills required for the job, quality of interpersonal relationships are contributing to workplace satisfaction and the evolution of team spirit among colleague ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The effects of night shifts on nurses]


[Aim of the research: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of night shifts on the somatic and psychic health, sleeping habits and substance use of nurses. Research and sampling methods: A self constructed questionnaire was administered online in October 2014 (N=396). Data were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 using descriptive statistics, chi-square and unpaired two-sample t-tests program (p<0.05). Results: Nurses having night shifts evaluated their health as worse (p=0.031), backache (p=0.019) and heartburn (p=0.029) were reported more frequent. They consume significantly more cigarettes (p=0.011). They experience more work related stress (p=0.002) and sleep disorders (p=0.006). Regarding burn-out (p=0.438) and chronic diseases (p=0.061) there was no significant difference between nurses with and without night shifts. Conclusions: Night shifts affect the health and substance use of nurses and disturb their biorhythms. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[And who is the other?]

ROZSOS Erzsébet

[The author reviews, interprets and illustrates the main concepts with practical examples that appear in the area of transcultural health care and nursing. ]

All articles in the issue

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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Quality of Life of Cancer Patients’]


[Aim of the study: This research is the part of an extended examination. It’s aim is to assess the cancer patients’ quality of life, how the diseas effects in the way of life, and also the psychologycal burden of the patients. Furthermore to assess the patient’s knowledge of their desease. Material and Methods: The research is descriptive, empirical, supplemenary, which in nurses and patients in oncology departments of Hondvéd Hospital in Budapest and Bács-Kiskun County Hospital in Kecskemét were attend. The method of the survey was an individual questionnaire. The evaulation of the results made with MS Excel and SPSS. The complete evaluable questionnaire’s rate is 74,9% (N=131). Results: the patients judge their own health and quality of life to low in a rate of 56,6%, and 75% of them stated that their way of life and their daily routin has changed in a significant extent. 50% of the responders described their actual emotional condition with a negative indicative, and also occur different psychic disfunctions amuong them. For example the depression in a rate of 17,5%, anxiety is in 18,5%, and reduced self-evaluation in 14,1%. A significant majority (76,3%) of respondents don’t possess the appropriate knowledge. Conclusions: The disease effect on cancer patients’ way of life and quality of life in a significant way. Patients are exposed to a significant psycholigycal burden. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[New nursing tasks in the Children’s Heart Centre]

VINCZE Beatrix

[The Children’s Heart Centre began operation in the Gottsegen György Hungarian Institute of Cardiology in 1999. In response to the technical advancements of the recent period and the achievements of medical science, paramedical workers are faced with new tasks such as the care of children undergoing interventional cardiology, ablative intervention and treatment as a part of the heart transplant program. The nurses and assistants assimilate the skills set necessary for performing the new tasks through in-house education programs and further training courses. An important challenge for nursing management is incorporating the changes into the operating procedures of the departments, and ensuring the human resources necessary to provide the care. The author’s aim is to give an insight into these specialist nursing tasks. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Postoperative pain management today in Hungary - Part 2 ]

LOVASI Orsolya, LÁM Judit

[According to the literature, the practice of postoperative pain relief in Hungary is an area to be developed. Postoperative pain is a key issue for patients. Surveys show that more than 59% of patients are worried about postoperative pain. Their concerns are not baseless, as recent studies have consistently shown that pain has not been properly treated after surgery. It has also been shown that postoperative pain can lead to a deterioration in the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study was to assess the degree of postoperative pain in patients and their satisfaction with pain relief. We conducted interviews based on personal inquiries with a total of 168 patients, with the involvement of certain surgical departments of three Hungarian institutions. Based on our results, we found that patients report remarkable pain after surgery, so the practice of postoperative pain relief is in many cases unsatisfactory. Comparing the results and the international literature, postoperative analgesic practice can be considered as an area to be developed. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Managing faecal incontinence with a rectal catheter]

STELA Gilanová, KOLLÁROVÁ Lívia, PAPP Katalin

[All patients have the right to the appropriate treatment and level of comfort during their stay in hospital. One of the basic requirements of quality nursing is the assurance of bodily hygiene and humane treatment. In our paper we would describe rectal catheterisation, which is now a widely used procedure in the care of patients with faecal incontinence in Slovakia. Moreover, we cite specific data on the economic benefits of using a rectal catheter.]


[The impact of vitamin D in infertility and the role in pregnancy and in nursing period]


[Various medical associations issue different recommendations for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. These significant differences are partly explained by the different definition of normal vitamin D level and the use of completely different mathematical models to predict the increase in vitamin D level as a response to therapy. According to the Institute of Medicine, the target vitamin D level is 20 ng/ml, whereas the Endocrine Society recommends 30 ng/m as the minimum target value. These differences show that the two Society have different views on the risk of adverse effects. Screening, however, is not recommended by either society. In this review I summarize the role of the vitamin D supplementation in the prevention of infertility. Also, I suggest the protective effect of the vitamin D during the pregnancy. In my opinion screening program against D hypovitaminosis should be performed in case of infertility and in pregnancy, because data show a protective role of vitamin D against many disease of newborn. ]