Hypertension and nephrology

[Sándor Gerő, the researcher clinician (1904-1992)]

GÁCS János

MAY 20, 2012

Hypertension and nephrology - 2012;16(02)

[Sándor Gerő presents two theories concerning the origin of atherosclerosis. The first one is called “primary lipid infiltration concept” which means the penetration of high concentration plasma lipids into the arterial wall without its damage. The other theory for the origin of atherosclerosis is primary damage of the vascular wall (namely of fibers, mucopolysaccharid etc.) which is followed by lipid infiltration. In the literature it is named “primary vascular concept” of atherosclerosis. The author investigates the two possibilities with experimental and clinical methods and concludes that primary vascular damage is more probable to be the origin of atherosclerosis.]

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Hypertension and nephrology

[Sleep disorders and quality of life in patients after kidney transplantation]

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[Kidney transplantation provides the best outcomes, concerning morbidity, mortality and health related quality of life for patients with end stage renal disease. Health related quality of life is increasingly recognized as an important outcome measure in patients with different chronic medical conditions, including chronic kidney disease. Sleep disorders, such as insomnia, sleep apnea syndrome and restless legs syndrome are common in patients with chronic kidney disease. The prevalence of insomnia and restless legs syndrome is similar in kidney transplanted patients to the prevalence observed in the general population. On the other hand, the prevalence of sleep apnea is considerably higher, about 30%. The association between sleep disorders and impaired health related quality of life has been relatively well documented in dialysis patients but only scarce information has been published about the kidney transplanted population. In this paper we summarize published data about sleep disorders and also about their association with health related quality of life in the kidney transplanted population.]

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Hypertension and nephrology

[Too early publication? (priority of the Hungarian authors was saved by a South- American radiologist)]

RADÓ János

[It is supposed that the invention of diuretic (furosemide) renography was a premature discovery. This is suggested by the fact that it was rediscovered by more than one people. Author supported this contention by a statistical analysis of „citation intervals” performed on the basis of Garfield’s suggestions. The length of the time from the description of the procedure to the appearance of citations („citation interval”) proved to be an average of 21.3±9.6 (SD) years, significantly longer than in the case of the author’s five important other recognitions combined, where the average citation interval was 8.7±7.4 (SD) years (p<0.01). Camargo a South-American radiologist who first confirmed the original study, was later just in time the editor of a North American journal to save the priority of the original inventor Hungarian authors. In medical science the investigators take the risks in the interest of the patients including „publishing too early”.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[The 20th Jubilee Congress of the Hungarian Society of Hypertension]

Hypertension and nephrology

[May patients with chronic kidney disease do sports?]

APOR Péter, RÁDI Attila, BABAI László

[Physical activity and sports in healthy people do not result in renal impairment. In end-stage renal disease - together with dialysis - moderate physical activity supports the maintenance of the controlled status. In chronic kidney disease moderate exercise improves filtration, the lipid profile, diminishes proteinuria and oxidative damage, maintains the muscular performance and metabolically active muscle mass. Metabolism of diabetics are significantly improved with exercise, it provides renal protection. Excess consumption of proteins, non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs or creatine can be a problem in competitive sports. The high muscle mass implies higher creatinine level.]

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