Hypertension and nephrology

[Remembering Professor László Kovács MD ]

REUSZ György, KÉKES Ede

FEBRUARY 20, 2018

Hypertension and nephrology - 2018;22(01)

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Hypertension and nephrology

[A Letter to Our Readers]

ALFÖLDI Sándor, KÉKES Ede

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[Press Release of the Hungarian Society of Hypertension Concerning the New American Hypertension Limit – the Hungarian Limit Remains 140/90 mmHg Still!]

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[Article Reports]

VÁLYI Péter

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[The 1st Szekszárd Hypertension Days ]

BENCZÚR Béla

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[Experience with mycophenolate mofetil containing immunosuppressive regimen in de novo kidney transplant recipients (ORANGE study).]

WAGNER László, KALMÁR-NAGY Károly, TORONYI Éva, TÖRÖK Szilárd, PATONAI Attila, SZAKÁLY Péter

[Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been used as an immunosuppressive agent in renal transplant recipients for more than two decades. The aim of the ORANGE study was to collect data with respect to the efficacy and safety of MMF containing immunosuppressive regimens during standard nephrology care in Hungarian clinical centres. Efficacy of the therapy was primarily evaluated via moni - toring of renal function based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values calculated on the basis of the MDRD-175 formula. A total number of 128 patients were en rolled in two clinical centres within the frames of an open-label, non-interventional study. During the course of the study, mean GFR values showed stable renal function between the 1st month (53.5±33.4 ml/min/1,73 m2) and the 12th month (58±16.3 ml/min/1,73 m2). Acute graft rejection occurred in 21 patients during the first month, further, 1-1 rejection was documented in the remaining period between 2-6 and 6-12 months after renal transplantation, respectively. The graft survival was 100% 1 month after renal transplantation, while this ratio was calculated to be 98.4% after 12 months.]

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Background - With improving treatment options, more attention is being paid to the neurocognitive symptoms related to hepatitis C infection (HCI). While HCI-related neurocognitive impairments are frequently subclinical, they can influence patients’ quality of life and fitness to work. Objective - The aim of this study was to assess HCI patients’ neurocognitive functions and explore the correlations between disease variables and neurocognitive symptoms. Method - The study was conducted between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2015. All patients with HCI were included in the study who were registered at the Hepatology Outpatient Clinic of Szent István and Szent László Hospitals, met inclusion criteria and volunteered to participate. Patients’ sociodemographic data and medical history were recorded in a questionnaire designed for the study. The 21-item Beck Depression Inventory was used to detect depressive symptoms. Six computerized tests were used to evaluate patients’ neuropsychological functions. Results - Sixty patients participated in the study. In comparison with general population standards, patients demonstrated poorer performance in several neurocognitive tests. Neuropsychological performance was correlated with age, sex, length of time since HCI diagnosis, Fibroscan score and the number of previous antiviral treatments. Conclusions - The study’s main finding is that compared to general population standards, patients with hepatitis C virus-related disease exhibit impaired neuropsychological functioning in visuomotor and visuospatial functions, working memory, executive functions, and reaction time. Executive functions and reaction time were the most sensitive indicators for the length and severity of disease. Deterioration in these functions has a major negative effect on work performance particularly in certain occupations.

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