Hypertension and nephrology

[ACEI or ARB: a Debate Refueled?]

KÉKES Ede, NAGY Judit

JUNE 10, 2018

Hypertension and nephrology - 2018;22(03)

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Hypertension and nephrology

[Multifactorial Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes from a Cardiovascular Prevention Perspective ]

SZTANEK Ferenc, PUSKÁS István, DEME Albert, ZÖLD Eszter

Hypertension and nephrology

[Accredited Postgraduate Training]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Antihypertensive effect of rilmenidine focusing on the Hungarian multicenter trial VERITAS]

FARSANG Csaba, FINTA Ervin

[Summary in the antihypertensive therapy, in addition to the RAS-blockers (ACE-inhibitors or ARBs), calcium antagonists and thizid-like diuretics, other antihypertensive drugs with different mechanisms of actions, such as the imidazoline I1 receptor agonists, are beneficially used. Several international and Hungarian studies showed the results of the effects of these agents. Authors emphasize the effects of the VERITAS study showing that in hypertensive patients the imidazoline I1 receptor agonist, rilmenidine significantly decreased the office blood pressure as well as the blood pressure measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The white-coat reaction and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were also decreased. In a separate study involving hypertensive subjects rilmenidine significantly increased baroreflex sensitivity. This effect may contribute - mainly during daytime - to the antihypertensive effect. Authors summarise the most important actions of rilmenidine, and the selected publications on the results of the Hungarian and international investigations.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Cilostazol is an Effective and Safe Option for the Treatment of Intermittent Claudication]

POÓR Ferenc

Hypertension and nephrology

[Remembering Professor István Kiss MD (1952-2018) ]

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Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is still a matter of debate, with a numerous complications as expansion of haemorrhagic contusions, external cerebral herniation, subdural hygromas, post-traumatic hydrocephalus (HC). The often overlooked “syndrome of the trephined” (ST) as a delayed complication of DC also known as sinking skin flap sy initially described in 1939.ST is characterised by the neurological changes associated with alteration of the pressure/volume relationship between intracranial pressure (ICP), volume of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), blood, and brain tissue in patients with large bone defects. This review aims at elucidating the mechanisms responsible for the development of ST, and providing useful tips and red-flag signs for healthcare professionals involved with care of post DC patients. Symptoms identified on time could help to develop appropriate treatment strategies for this suddenly deteriorating, but possible reversible condition. Although the treatment strategy is straightforward, calling for a prompt cranioplasty, the correction of HC through CSF diversion devices might require a lengthy optimisation period. Continuous changes in the setting of the shunting systems or spinal tap might lead to dangerous swinging of the midline structures causing further neurological deterioration. Thus, finding the right balance in terms of clinical management often represents a significant challenge.

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