Hungarian Radiology

[The diagnostics of paraoesophageal hiatal hernia]

TREXLER Ilona

JUNE 20, 2003

Hungarian Radiology - 2003;77(03)

[INTRODUCTION - The hiatal hernia is among the most common abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. The position of the cardia in relation to the diaphragm determines the type of the hernia, wich is important in therapy planning. The type I. sliding hernia is the most common form. Only 5-10% is type II. paraesophageal and type III. mixed hernias, which may involve serious complication. The single contrast X-ray is the best method for demonstrating the type of hiatal hernias. PATIENTS, METHODS AND RESULTS - During a 3 year period the author was investigated 336 gastric cases. Hiatal hernia was found in 73 patients, six of the cases proved to be the rare II. and III. types. A case of paraoesophageal and five mixed type cases of hernia is briefly described. CONCLUSION - Despite of the wide spread use of endoscopy in diagnosis of hiatal hernia, the traditional gastric X-ray still remains an important diagnostic tool.]

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