Hungarian Radiology

[Pictures to the past Methodological possibilities in the palaeoradiology]

ALIDA Lilla Kristóf, BARTA H. Miklós, PETRIK Anikó, PAP Ildikó, PÁLFI György, FORNET Béla, FORRAI Gábor

FEBRUARY 20, 2004

Hungarian Radiology - 2004;78(01)

[INTRODUCTION - The radiology as a method is useful not only in the field of the traditional medicine, but in the historic anthropology examining the ancient human remains, and in the palaeopathology examining the pathological changes of the ancient human remains. The aim of our study was the correction of the palaeopathological methods and the radiological diagnosis of the ancient pathological remains. MATERIAL AND METHODS - Approximately 25 specimens originating from the Avar-, the Hungarian Conquest Period and from the Arpadian Age with pathological changes were examined. Besides these 11 naturally mummified individuals were examined by radiological methods, too. The X-ray examinations were done at the Department of Radiology of the National Medical Centre, in Budapest. RESULTS - Vertebral changes, pulmonary tuberculosis and traumatic lesions were found on the mummified individuals. The most frequent changes of the bone alterations were traumas: fractures of the ulna, clavicule, ribs, and trephanation of the skull. Several degenerative changes of the vertebral columns and of the articulation surfaces were detected (osteophyta, spondylosis, arthrosis). The rheumatoid arthritis, Paget-disease, facies leprosa, and the traces of vertebral tuberculosis should be mentioned among the rare pathological disorders. CONCLUSIONS - Since there are no sufficient palaeoradiological methodological references, it was necessary to develop new methods for X-ray examinations.]

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