Hungarian Radiology

[Interdisciplinary mummy research - Paleoradiology and paleopathology research of the Archbishop of Kalocsa Pál Széchényi’s mummy]

KRISTÓF Lilla Alida, POHÁRNOK László1, KERÉNYI Tibor2, TÓTH Vilmos3, ISTÓK Roland2, HARGITTAI Péter4, FORNET Béla5, PAP Ildikó6, PÁLFI György7

OCTOBER 15, 2010

Hungarian Radiology - 2010;84(03)

[Purpose - The scientific study of Pál Széchényi’s mummy was carried out by our research team composed of the members of several institutions in 2007 April. The scientific examinations represented a milestone, since up till now it was unclear whether it was a natural or artificial mummy and the century-old question whether Pál Széchényi was in fact a victim of arsenic poisoning in 1710 or it was only a legend could also be answered. Methods - The non-invasive examinations were carried out with multislice CT, traditional X-ray, biopsy, toxicology, energy-dispersive X-ray, X-ray fluorescens analysis, 3D optical digitalization indicator system, endoscope and 3D rapid-prototyping printing. Results - The examinations proved that Archbishop Pál Széchényi’s death was natural, and his body was artificially mummified. The CT examinations were carried out in a slice thickness of under 1 mm facilitating printed skull copy made by 3D rapid-prototyping method which provided the exact and detailed basis for the facial reconstruction.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Petz Aladár Megyei Oktatókórház, I. Sz. Radiológiai Osztály
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, II. Sz. Patológiai Intézet
  3. Nemzeti Emlékhely és Kegyeleti Bizottság
  4. MTA Izotópkutató Intézet, Sugárhatáskémiai Osztály
  5. Miskolci Egyetem Egészségügyi Kar
  6. Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum Embertani Tár
  7. Szegedi Tudományegyetem Embertani Tanszék

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