Hungarian Radiology

[Gynecological malignancies: review of the radiological diagnostics and image-guided therapy - Onco Update 2008]


MARCH 22, 2008

Hungarian Radiology - 2008;82(01-02)

[The recent results of diagnostical imaging of gynecological tumours and the actual place of interventional radiological methods are discussed. Systematical reviews of articles published during the last year (2007) have been availed to discuss: cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, general and special imaging of the female pelvis, different uterine fibroid ablation methods (embolisation and high-intensity focused ultrasound [HIFU]). Experience of gynecological tumour imaging is growing rapidly, therefore, even the current examination algorithm is changing continuously. New diagnostic and therapeutic modalities are making their way into the daily routine. Some examinations become obsolete during the course of time and thus their further application should be avoided. In the meanwhile, some modalities prove their worth and become indespensable during the investigation of a given pathology.]



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Hungarian Radiology

[Osteoid osteoma: diagnosis and treatment]


[Osteoid osteoma is a rare, generally small benign tumor that requires treatment due to the intense pain it causes. The aim of this review is to discuss the basics (pathophysiology, classification and imaging modalities of osteoid osteoma). Further, we have made an attempt to discuss in detail the technique and effects of surgery and radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of osteoid osteoma.]

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Hungarian Radiology

[Analysis of the status of the Hungarian radiologists in 2007]

KIS Zsuzsanna, LOMBAY Béla

[INTRODUCTION - It can be often heard that the number of practicing radiologists is constantly reducing, and that the specialty is growing “old”. Also, it is believed that the ratio of women to men radiologists is unfavorable. MATERIAL AND METHOD - The authors’ study was based on the data available with the Hungarian Medical Chamber, and was complemented with the data from the observatory network of the specialty. They have established the number of doctors working in the radiological departments in all counties of Hungary, including Budapest, in 2007. They also evaluated the type of workload the doctors faced and the type of replacements in the "pipeline". RESULTS - There were 1151 radiologists on the register in 2007. Out of 1151, 1099 (95,5%) worked here in Hungary and 52 (4,5%) worked overseas. Number of active radiologists in 2007 was 620 (64%). There were 346 (36%) radiologists working after their retirement. Number of radiologists in-training was 133 (12%). Ratio of female to male was 71 vs. 29%. CONCLUSION - On the basis of the data available the ratio of female to male doctors proved really unfavorable. There were few radiologists in-training, besides a large population of radiologists working post-retirement. The radiologists are over-burdened, and the geographical distribution is inappropriate.]

All articles in the issue

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Lege Artis Medicinae

[Analysis of the knowledge on cervical cancer and attendance indicators of cervical screening]

VAJDA Réka, KARAMÁNNÉ Pakai Annamária, ÉLIÁS Zsuzsanna, SÉLLEYNÉ Gyuró Mónika, TAMÁS Péter, VÁRNAGY Ákos, KÍVÉS Zsuzsanna

[OBJECTIVE - The study aims to explore knowledge on cervical cancer and cervical screening among women with 9-14 yearold daughters, and learning the attitudes towards screening, the motivation of attendance at or absence from screening. DATA AND METHODS - A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted using our own questionnaire in the town Nagyatád in 2012. Study participants included women who had 9-14 year-old daughters and a registered home address in Nagyatád. We received valid responses from 186 people (response rate: 75.3%). RESULTS - The interviewed women’s knowledge on cervical cancer differed significantly depending on their age, education, marital status, and economic activity. Only 45 women with higher education (p=0.043) were considered to be well informed on the subject. However, their willingness to participate in cancer screening was more favorable than their knowledge, 96.2% of the women claimed to attend an annual cancer screening. The average age of respondents was 20.92 years at first visit. CONCLUSIONS - Although the participation rate was much higher compared with that in previously published studies, it is of great importance to increase the mothers’ knowledge on cervical cancer and the factors that promote its development, so that they can pass their knowledge to their children and strengthen their protection against one of the most common sexually transmitted viral infection and the development of cervical cancer.]

Clinical Oncology

[EGFR family and gynecologic cancers]


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Lege Artis Medicinae



[It was during the last 15 years when justified by clinical studies the sensitivity/resistance to anticancer chemotherapy was included in the setting of the prognostic factors of the ovarian cancer, while demonstrating a stronger correlation with the outcome than those factors known before. Remission and duration of remission after first-line chemotherapy are the two important components of sensitivity and their combinations measure its grade in a semi-quantitative manner. The chemotherapy sensitivity/resistance approach is based on the observations on ovarian cancer patients treated with platinum based chemotherapy. This agent in repeated adminstrations during the whole course of the disease is still a decisive component of the ovarian cancer chemotherapy. As a consequence there is always “a platinum-free interval”. The prolongation of this platinum-free interval with non-platinum chemotherapy has the potencial of increasing the remission and survival by platinum reinduction administered in the third-line of chemotherapy. In spite of the facts mentioned above, there are centers which prefer the early re-administration of taxan/platinum combination to the prolongation of platinum- free interval and expose their patients to an elevated risk of cumulative, in the first-line non-haematological toxicity.The neurotoxicity can deteriorate the quality of life and the parenchymal laesion of kidneys can prevent further chemotherpy.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[An examination of knowledge about cervical cancer Roma women in Hungary]


[The aim of our study was to assess the main reasons for romany women to stay away from cervical cancer screening and knowledge about cervical cancer. Methods: We carried out a quantitative, cross-sectional study with non-probability convenience sampling in 2016. Our sample consists of romany women living in the agglomeration of Nagyatád, Hungary (N=126). In the questionnaire we measured reasons for non-attendance and knowledge. During statistical analysis we calculated descriptive statistics, χc2-test and t-test (p<0,05). Results: Mean age of responders is 37,45±12,05 years. 26,2% of women have not attended any kind of gynecological screening in their life. Mean age of women when they attended for screening for the first time was 24,05±8,96 years (n=91). Main score of the knowledge test is 31,4±3,93 points. According to knowledge level there is no connection between attendants and non-attendants(p>0,05). Conclusions: The lack of knowledge determines the participating willingness, to increase has been possible by organized knowledge transmitter performances.]

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