Hungarian Radiology

[Ethiopathogenesis of polycystic ovarian syndrome and imaging diagnostics of polycystic ovary]

JAKAB Attila, MOLNÁR Zsuzsanna, TÓTH Zoltán

AUGUST 10, 2005

Hungarian Radiology - 2005;79(04)

[Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a heterogenous syndrome with a wide variety of endocrine and metabolic abnormalities and clinical symptoms. It is considered as the most frequent endocrine disorder in women in reproductive age and the most common cause of anovulatory infertility. Key features include menstrual cycle disturbance, hyperandrogenism and obesity. There are many extraovarian aspects to the pathophysiology of polycystic ovarian syndrome, but ovarian dysfunction is central. The underlying unique feature of the ovarian morphology gives the significance of the ultrasound examination. At a recent consensus meeting, a refined definition of the polycystic ovarian syndrome was agreed, encompassing a description of the morphology of the polycystic ovary. The subjective appearance of polycystic ovary should not be substituted for the definition. Further, a woman having polycystic ovary in the absence of menstrual disorder or hyperandrogenism (asymptomatic polycystic ovary) should not be considered as having polycystic ovarian syndrome, until more is known about the situation. Since ultrasound description of polycystic ovary morphology has central role in the diagnosis, and untreated polycystic ovarian syndrome carries long term health risks, the increasing attention to ovarian morphology may offer an effective tool to decrease women`s morbidity. This review outlines the background and feature of ovarian morphology in polycystic ovarian syndrome, and details the current ultrasound definition of polycystic ovary.]

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