Hungarian Radiology

[Craniometry using conventional radiographs]


DECEMBER 20, 2002

Hungarian Radiology - 2002;76(06)

[I measured the length, width and height of the skull’s hole on standard two-direction radiographs. From these data the volume of the skull's hole can be calculated with high accuracy. I used for calculation the modified formula of sonographic determination of prostate size. Using this measurement method in 1.000 adults (500 male and 500 female) the average skull's hole volume was 1.492 cubic centimetres. In 100 children of 6-7 years (50 boys and 50 girls) average skull's hole volume was 1.423 cubic centimetres.]



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[Significance of ultrasound examination in acute abdominal attack of hereditary angioneurotic oedema]

FARKAS Henriette, HARMAT György, KAPOSI N. Pál, KARÁDI István, FEKETE Béla, FÜST György, FÁY Kálmán, VAS Anikó, VARGA Lilian

[INTRODUCTION - Hereditary angioneurotic oedema (HANO) is a rare cause of ascites. As acute abdominal attacks of the disease can mimic surgical emergencies, the prompt and accurate diagnosis is essential. This study was undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of abdominal ultrasound examinations in the differential diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS - Seventy patients with HANO were followed up for almost a decade. All patients presenting with an acute oedematous attack underwent abdominal ultrasound, which was then repeated 24 and 48 hours after appropriate therapy. RESULTS - 22 patients with acute oedematous attacks with abdominal complaints severe enough to justify hospital admission occurred in the study population. Abdominal ultrasound performed during the attack showed oedematous thickening of the intestinal wall in 80 per cent of cases and invariably demonstrated the presence of free peritoneal fluid in all patients. Rapid symptomatic relief achieved by treatment was accompanied by the significant regression of ultrasound abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS - Demonstration of transitory ascites by abdominal ultrasound is a clue to the diagnosis of an acute abdominal attack of HANO. The possibility of HANO should always be considered whenever unexplained abdominal pain returns with or without ascites.]

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