Clinical Neuroscience

[Three dimensional time of flight magnetic resonance imaging in trigeminal neuralgia]

VÖRÖS Erika1, SZENTGYÖRGYI Réka1, KUNCZ Ádám2, MENCSER Zsolt2, KARDOS Lilla1, MILASSIN Péter1

MAY 20, 1997

Clinical Neuroscience - 1997;50(05-06)

[The purpose of our study was to evaluate the role of three dimensional time of flight magnetic resonance angiography in detection of neurovascular compression in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. 53 patients (26 males, 27 females mean age 57 years) with trigeminal neuralgia underwent 3D TOF MRA. Examinations were performed on 0.5 T Elscint Gyrex V Dlx equipment. The imaging parameters were 33-38/9/25 TR/TE/flip angle with 30-50 mm slab thickness and 1-1.5 mm slice thickness. Contrast material was administered in every case. Maximum intensity projection and thin slice reconstruction (pixel by pixel) were performed in three standard directions (axial, coronal and sagittal). To evaluate the presence or absence of vascular contact, we used both the source slices and reconstructed pictures. Vascular contact with the trigeminal nerve in the entry zone was identified on the symptomatic side in 26 cases (superior cerebellar artery in 20, superior cerebellar artery and vein in one, anterior inferior cerebellar artery in 2, basilar artery or a vein in 1-1 case) and on the asymptomatic side in 3 cases (superior cerebellar arteries). No contact was detected in 24 patients. The examination was not of diagnostic value in three cases, because of head motion artefacts. Veins were better visualized on the contrast pictures. Microvascular decompression sec. Janetta was performed in 9 cases. The surgical and neuroradiological findings were identical in every case. Complete pain relief or significant diminshing of the symptoms were achieved following surgery in all patients. 3D TOF MRA is a useful method in demonstration of vascular contact with the trigeminal nerve at the entry zone, which is valuable information in planning surgical treatment for patients with trigeminal neuralgia.]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Szent-Györgyi Albert Orvostudományi Egyetem Radiológiai Klinika
  2. Szent-Györgyi Albert Orvostudományi Egyetem Idegsebészeti Klinika

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