Clinical Neuroscience

[The role of the limbic lobe in incentive production]


APRIL 01, 1967

Clinical Neuroscience - 1967;20(04)

[Two cases of a midline tumour destroying limbic structures were described. In both cases, the clinical picture was characterized by a high degree of inducibility loss, which was already evident at the onset. We evaluate our cases as recent data on the role of limbic structures in the maintenance of incentin production. ]


  1. XIII. ker. Tanács Róbert Károly Körúti Kórház Női Elmeosztálya



Further articles in this publication

Clinical Neuroscience

Die ventrale Fusion im Bereich der Halswirbelsäule bei Bandscheibenschäden

W. Grote, P. Röttgen

Das so genannte Zervikalsyndrom, dessen häufigste Erscheinungsformen Schulter- und Armschmerzen, Nacken- und Kopfschmerzen, zervikale Migräne, vertebraler Schwindel und zervikale Myelopathie sind, ist wesentlich schwieriger zu diagnostizieren als das Lumbalsyndrom. Bei Vorliegen eines Zervikalsyndroms wurden folgende Operationen durchgeführt: La-Minektomie oder Hemilaminektomie mit oder ohne Entfernung der vorgefallenen Bandscheibe, Radikotomie nach Jackson oder Frykholn. 1962 führten Cloward (Honolulu) und Dereymaeker und Mulier (Belgien) die Operation ein, bei der die vorgefallene Bandscheibe durch ventrale Penetration entfernt und eine knöcherne Fusion zwischen den Wirbelkörpern hergestellt wurde. Nach Lindblom wird die chirurgische Indikation durch eine Diskographie mit 60 % Urographie ergänzt. Seit 1962 wurden 84 Patienten operiert (Tabelle 5). Die Myelographie wurde in 33 Fällen durchgeführt. Bei 37 Patienten wurde eine einzelne und bei 42 Patienten eine multiple Diskusläsion festgestellt. 28 Patienten wurden nicht fusioniert. Bei der Mehrzahl der Patienten wurde die Knochenfusion bei 8 Patienten mit autoplastischem Knochen, bei 42 Patienten mit homoplastischem Knochen und bei 6 Patienten mit heteroplastischem Knochen durchgeführt. Postoperative Ergebnisse (Tabelle 17): Von 29 Brachialgien zeigten 15 eine deutliche Besserung (wg), 10 eine deutliche Besserung (g), 4 hatten unveränderte Beschwerden (u). 17 Brachialgie und Zephalalgie postoperative Ergebnisse Verteilung: 11, 3 und 3. 8 Zephalalgie (C34): 5, 2 und 1. 30 Myelopathie: 7, 7 und 16. Wenige chirurgische Komplikationen: ein Fall von Ösophagusverletzung, ein Fall von Hämatom mit Atemnot, zwei Fälle von Abrutschen des Knochensplitters. Manchmal kann auf eine Knochenversteifung verzichtet werden, aber im Falle einer Versteifung ist das Operationsergebnis besser. Bei Myelopathie ist der Verzicht auf eine Indikation gerechtfertigt, aber auch in diesem Bereich können hervorragende Ergebnisse erzielt werden; ein Patient mit Tetraplegie war nach der Operation arbeitsfähig.

Clinical Neuroscience

[Ehlers-Danlos syndrome associated with neurological symptoms]


[The authors diagnosed a 43-year-old woman and her 8-year-old son with classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. In the mother, the underlying disease was accompanied by muscular atrophy and symptoms suggestive of spinal cord dorsal cord injury. The authors associate the onset of neurological symptoms with the underlying disease and attribute it to dysplastic vasculature.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Eozinofil granulocytak a liquorban]

PÉTER Ágnes, KOVÁCS Ferenc

[Eosinophilic cells were detected in a small percentage of CSF in both bacterial and non-bacterial infections. Intense CSF eosinophilia was found only in bacterial processes. In these cases, an allergic pathomechanism was hypothesized. Unique in the literature, liquoreosinophilia accompanied by a leukocytic reaction was observed in our 1 case of meningitis in the setting of collagenosis and in our 3 cases of granulomatous menongoencephalitis. This specific CSF cytological reaction was highlighted in the group of diseases of the nervous system with immune-allergic syndrome. Immuno-allergic CSF syndromes with eosinophilic cell proliferation were divided into three groups according to the involvement of plasma cells. The factors determining the type of reaction response remain to be elucidated. Our patient with periarteritis nodosa with 26% eosinophils in his meningogram complements literature data. Of particular interest is our case No 4, who developed cerebroesinophilia after myelography.]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Data on the psychiatric use of chlormethiazole (Heminevrin)]


[Author reviews the literature on the pharmacological and clinical effects, side effects and complications of Heminevrin. He reports on 77 cases he has observed and treated. He confirms the excellent efficacy of Heminevrin in delirium tremens, where in 31 patients Heminevrin therapy led to recovery in a few days without mortality and without complications. He has used the drug praeventively in 27 cases of praedelirosus withdrawal syndrome, which he considers to be a beneficial combination for the treatment of endogenous and reactive psychogenic depressions (based on 13 cases). ]

Clinical Neuroscience

[Analysis of symptoms and polygraphic data of Elysion psyches]


[Elysione (phenylcyclohexylpiperidine monohydrochloride) has gained widespread use in anaesthesiology due to its sensory blocking effect. Transient psychotic symptoms after surgery have been described and analysed by several authors as a side effect of the drug. The psychotic picture that develops may also be considered a schizophrenomimetic agent because of certain characteristics.]

All articles in the issue

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Clinical Neuroscience

[The role of sleep in the relational memory processes ]

CSÁBI Eszter, ZÁMBÓ Ágnes, PROKECZ Lídia

[A growing body of evidence suggests that sleep plays an essential role in the consolidation of different memory systems, but less is known about the beneficial effect of sleep on relational memory processes and the recognition of emotional facial expressions, however, it is a fundamental cognitive skill in human everyday life. Thus, the study aims to investigate the effect of timing of learning and the role of sleep in relational memory processes. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. 84 young adults (average age: 22.36 (SD: 3.22), 21 male/63 female) participated in our study, divided into two groups: evening group and morning group indicating the time of learning. We used the face-name task to measure relational memory and facial expression recognition. There were two sessions for both groups: the immediate testing phase and the delayed retesting phase, separated by 24 hours. Our results suggest that the timing of learning and sleep plays an important role in the stabilizing process of memory representation to resist against forgetting.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[History of vaccine production in Hungary ]


[This study presents the complete history of the Hungarian vaccine production, partly in association with the process of fighting vaccine-preventable infectious diseases, and underlines the fact that every government actively contributed to the age-adjusted mandatory vaccination schedule of the past 140 years. It demonstrates the various achievements from the smallpox lymph production through the launch of diphtheria serum production at Phylaxia and the establishment of the National Public Health Institute (OKI) with its vaccine production and the later institutional transformation of OKI into Humán as economic corporation to its closure. Among all OKI’s vaccine production activities, this study focuses on the production of influenza vaccines, due to its international importance in the 1960s and 1970s. The vaccine production against diphtheria tetanus and pertussis stands out from Humán’s activities, and the tetanus component of this vaccine is still used in the products of a multinational vaccine manufacturer. ]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Association between cyclothymic affective temperament and hypertension]


[Affective temperaments (cyclothymic, hypertymic, depressive, anxious, irritable) are stable parts of personality and after adolescent only their minor changes are detectable. Their connections with psychopathology is well-described; depressive temperament plays role in major depression, cyclothymic temperament in bipolar II disorder, while hyperthymic temperament in bipolar I disorder. Moreover, scientific data of the last decade suggest, that affective temperaments are also associated with somatic diseases. Cyclothymic temperament is supposed to have the closest connection with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension is higher parallel with the presence of dominant cyclothymic affective temperament and in this condition the frequency of cardiovascular complications in hypertensive patients was also described to be higher. In chronic hypertensive patients cyclothymic temperament score is positively associated with systolic blood pressure and in women with the earlier development of hypertension. The background of these associations is probably based on the more prevalent presence of common risk factors (smoking, obesity, alcoholism) with more pronounced cyclothymic temperament. The scientific importance of the research of the associations of personality traits including affective temperaments with somatic disorders can help in the identification of higher risk patient subgroups.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The Great Acceleration]

BRYS Zoltán

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Correlations Between Burnout and Socio-demographic and Workplace Related Factors Among Health-care Workers During The Covid-19 Pandemics]


[The present study aimed to assess the level of burn-out among health-care workers in 2020 and its correlations with socio-demographic and workplace related factors. The cross-sectional study was conducted by the means of a self-constructed online survey in the beginning of 2021. The responses of 1965 people were analysed with the help of SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis probes were run (p<0.05). Severe burnout was present in 46.7% of the responders. Age, marital status, type of health-care provided and years spent in the health-care system didn’t show any correlation with burnout. Unsure vision, opinion about salary raise and uncertainty at the workplace influenced the level of burnout significantly (p<0.000). The mental health of health-care workers is in continuous decline, in which the COVID-19 pandemic might play a big role. People with worse mental health feel more uncertain regarding their future and job; this might make providing health-care more and more difficult.]