Clinical Neuroscience

Medication overuse headache: The effectivity of iv lidocaine – magnesium

TEPE Nermin1,2, TERTEMIZ Faysal Oktay3

SEPTEMBER 30, 2021

Clinical Neuroscience - 2021;74(09-10)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.74.0323

Journal Article

The detoxification process in medication overuse headache is the most difficult process for the patient. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the combination of low dose IV lidocaine and magnesium (100 mg lidocaine and 1.25 mg magnesium) in patients with medication overuse headache during the detoxification process. A total of 30 patients were included in the study; 15 received 24 hours of IV hydration, 15 received 1-hour lidocaine-magnesium infusion at the onset of pain in addition to the 24 hours of IV hydration. Headache severity (numeric rating scale, NRS), attack durations, onset of headache, monthly analgesic/triptan intakes, numbers of monthly headache days data were documented. We evaluated the severity of headache before and after daily treatment of two groups for one week. When both groups were compared, there was no significant difference in the pre-treatment NRS values, whe­reas, in the group receiving IV lidocaine-magnesium combination, there was a statistically significant decrease in the post-treatment NRS values in the first five days (p <0.05). An 1-hour combined infusion of lidocaine-magnesium may be considered as an alternative option for the patient to have a more quality detoxification process during the hospital stay, so that in parallel to the reduction in the use of multiple treatments (such as neuroleptics, benzodiazepines, antiemetics and opioids) and duration length of stay, the economic costs can also be reduced. The administration of combination will bring fewer side effects compared to their administration separately.

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, Turkey
  2. Neuropsychiatry Centre, Gazi University, Besevler, Ankara, Turkey
  3. Department of Anesthesiology and Algology, Health Sciences University Tepecik Training And Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

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