Clinical Neuroscience

[Anti glutamate-decarboxylase antibodies: a liaison between localisation related epilepsy, stiff-person syndrome and type-1 diabetes mellitus]

SZŰCS Anna, BARCS Gábor, WINKLER Gábor, SOÓS Zsuzsanna, FOLYOVICH András, KELEMEN Anna, VÁRALLYAY Péter, KAMONDI Anita

JULY 30, 2014

Clinical Neuroscience - 2014;67(07-08)

[We present two patients with partial epilepsy, type-1 diabetes and stiff person syndrome associated with high serum autoantibody levels to glutamate-decarboxylase (anti-GAD). Both patients were or have suffered from additional autoimmune conditions. The presence of stiff person syndrome and elevated anti- GAD levels have to make clinicians look for additional autoimmune conditions including type-1 diabetes. On the other hand, the co-morbidity of partial epilepsy with autoimmune conditions in patients with elevated serum anti-GAD suggests an autoimmune mechanism of partial epilepsy in these cases.]

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