Clinical Neuroscience - 2009;62(01-02)

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Pain sensitivity changes in schizophrenic patients and animal models. Part I.]

TUBOLY Gábor, HORVÁTH Gyöngyi

[Diminished pain sensitivity in schizophrenic patients has been reported for more than 50 years, however little is known about the substrate and the basic mechanisms underlying altered pain sensitivity in this disease, therefore, relevant animal models are of decisive importance in the study of psychiatric diseases. The authors report a review consisting of two parts focusing on pain sensitivity changes in patients and in different animal models, which proved the eligibility as schizophrenia... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Conductive education for children with neurological diseases]

BALOGH Erzsébet, KOZMA Ildikó

[Conductive education, developed by the 40-s last century, spread out in the world in spite the lack of hard scientific evidences for its benefit. There are sorts of cerebral palsies (athetosis, ataxia) in which conductive education might have the unique role to help. In cerebral palsies of other sorts it is much helpful if the disturbance of body scheme and degree of somatomotor neglect are superior to the palsy. Short term results of conductive education are to see in the better movement... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Neuroprotection in Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative disorders: preclinical and clinical findings]

RÁKÓCZI Károly, KLIVÉNYI Péter, VÉCSEI László

[The authors summarized the evidence supporting neuroprotection based on the data available in the literature. In vivo and in vitro studies have indicated that many compounds can decrease neurodegeneration, excitotoxicity, oxidative stress, protein aggregation, disturbance of Ca2+ homeostasis and compensate the energy impairment. Selegiline, rasagiline, dopamine agonists and other molecules (ubiquinone, kynurenic acid, tocopherol, creatine, glatiramer acetate) exert neuroprotective effects in... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Measurement of mental fatigability by task related spectral EEG. A pilot study (in English language)]

RAJNA Péter, HIDASI Zoltán, PÁL Iván, CSIBRI Éva, VERES Judit, SZUROMI Bálint

[Background - Task related EEG spectra are promising markers of mental activity. But the cooperation of the patients necessary for the registration limits its application in the neuro-psychiatry. Methods - EEG difference spectra on counting (EDSC) - was developed to detect the effect of a short calculation task on the spectral EEG. The originality of the task situation is a continuous mental work in a very short period of time, while the level of task difficulty is adapted to the patient’s... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Genetically determined neuromuscular disorders of some roma families living in Hungary (in English language)]

LÁSZLÓ Aranka, MAYER Péter, KÓBOR Jenõ, RÁCZ Katalin, TÁLOSI Gyula, ENDREFFY Emőke, HERCZEGFALVI Ágnes, HORTOBÁGYI Tibor, TISZLAVICZ László, BEREG Edit, KATONA Márta, SZABÓ János, KARCAGI Veronika

[The authors discuss the clinical and molecular genetic aspects of genetically determined neuromuscular disorders of some Roma families living in Hungary. Among the autosomal recessively inherited spinal muscular atrophic (SMA) group, 8 Caucasian children had the typical 7-8 exonal deletions of the SMA gene, but only 2 patients belonged to the Roma population. There was no difference in the molecular genetic findings among the Caucasian and the Roma SMA patients. All of them had 7- 8 exonal... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Application of robot hand technique in the course of microneurosurgical operations]

CSÓKAY András, VALÁLIK István, JOBBÁGY Ákos

[Introduction - The aim of this study was to determine whether the new robot hand technique can help to avoid the complication in the course of high precise microneurosurgical operations. Methods - The physical efficacy was measured by tremorometry. The comperative study of the incidence of complications measured the clinical efficacy. Results - The tremors of the operating hand and the number of complications have decreased effectively. Conclusion - The precise level of robots could be... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

JANUARY 20, 2009

[Account on the scientific meeting of the Környey Society in 2008]

[Account on the scientific meeting of the Környey Society in 2008 2009;62(01-02)]