Lege Artis Medicinae

[ABNORMAL ALBUMINURIA IS A CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTOR IN DIABETIC PATIENTS - ACHIEVING THERAPEUTIC GOAL IN PRACTICE]

WITTMANN István, WAGNER László, WAGNER Zoltán, MOLNÁR Gergő Attila, TAMASKÓ Mónika, LACZY Boglárka, MARKÓ Lajos, MOHÁS Márton, NAGY Judit

DECEMBER 20, 2005

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2005;15(12)

[The stages of abnormal albuminuria are microand macroalbuminuria. The isolated abnormal albuminuria is a special form of proteinuria. For the detection of abnormal albuminuria one can use immunological or liquid chromatographic methods. The latter seems to be more appropriate than the immunological methods for the measurement of albuminuria in normo- and microalbuminuric diabetic patients. In diabetes mellitus, the circulating glycated and oxidized albumin is degraded and eliminated in the kidney. Decrease of the glomerular filtration rate is a valuable measure of renal insufficiency and this loss of kidney function is followed by the decrease of albuminuria as a sign of the glomerular closure. Albuminuria is an important cardiovascular risk factor and the decrease of the abnormal albuminuria is associated with a diminishing cardiovascular risk. Thus, albuminuria is a cardiovascular therapeutic target, as well. Therefore, the major points of the management of diabetic albuminuria are the achievement of euglycaemia, the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and/or angiotensin receptor blockers.]

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