Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Awareness of Risk Factors of Falling among the Elderly]

BOROS Edit, BABARCI Ágnes, ERDŐSI Erika, BALOGH Zoltán

DECEMBER 30, 2017

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2017;30(06)

[The aim of the study: determining the risk groups of falling among the elderly and measuring the awareness of the elderly of the risk factors of falling. Methods: During the quantitative, cross-section examination, the population consisted of elderly people living in the region of Dél-Alföld (N=379). We used our own questionnaire beside using the STEADI questionnaire determining risk group of falling for data colletion purposes. During the statistical analysis, we used simple descriptive statistics but also used Khi2 and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The average age of the examined population was 71,96+ 6,8 years old and 45 % of the interviewed person have reported experiencing falling. The risk factors of higher age (p=0.001), dizziness (p=0.021) and polypharmacy (p=0.001) was demonstrable among those who have fallen at least one time. 83% of the population was from a risk group exposed to falling. Respondents were able to better identify the effect of extrinsic factors on the risk of falling than the intrinsic risk factors. Also, those who have fallen before found that there is no significant preventive effect of the orderliness of their home (p=0.009) and the usage of walking assisting equipment (p=0.010). Conclusions: Falling of elderly people is an actual problem, therefore it is recommended to raise the awareness of the elderly of the risk factors of falling.]

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