[Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity
in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Similar to adults, children with
CKD experience a high burden of traditional and uremia-associated risk factors.
Recent years, several studies were published in connection with cardiovascular risk
factors, patomechanism, and early markers of cardiovascular diseases. Early signs
of cardiomyopathy, such as left ventricular hypertrophy or dysfunction, and markers
of atherosclerosis, such as increased intima-media thickness of the carotid
artery or increased wall stiffness of the aorta are frequently present in early stages
of CKD in children. As prevention is important in pediatrics, the evaluation of subtle
changes of the cardiovascular system provide opportunity for early treatment and
that enables children to develop normally and have a better long-term quality of life.
Recently, newer non-invasive cardiovascular imaging modalities have been
emerged to diagnose subclinical alterations of the heart and vessels in this specific
population with kidney disease. In this review, we provide an overwiev of the
emerging imaging techniques used to detect early subclinical organ damage in
pediatric chronic kidney disease patients.]