Clinical Neuroscience

Restless leg syndrome frequency in health workers

ÖCAL Ruhsen1, ATGÜDEN Gizem, AYCAN Cagri2, BALABAN Zeynep2, SENAR Seran2, YAVUZ Sena2

JULY 30, 2019

Clinical Neuroscience - 2019;72(07-08)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18071/isz.72.0236

Introduction - Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a disease, primarily composed of sensational symptoms, caused by the urge to move lower extremities especially at night, and characterized by undesired feelings of the legs. Decreasing of the dopaminergic effect at night is thought to be responsible from these symptoms. RLS patients suffer from low quality of sleep affecting their daily life activities even causing socio-economic loss. Although RLS is a common and treatable disease, it can not be diagnosed easily due to the variability of symptoms. Aim - The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of RLS among health workers and to define the disease causing factors. Method - A questionnaire was applied to 174 randomly selected health workers at Baskent University Medical Faculty (KA17/285). The demographic information, history of illnesses or usage of drugs, socioeconomic status, working hours and daytime sleepiness were questioned. Included in the questionnaire were diagnostic criteria for RLS, frequency assessment scale, and survey of sleep quality. We used “the diagnostic criteria of international RLS working group” for the diagnosis, and “Pittsburgh sleep quality index survey” to determine the quality of sleep. Reliability and validity studies were performed on both tests. Results - A significant relationship between socio-economic status and RLS was found (p<0.05) as an increase of RLS frequency in parallel with decreased socio-economic status. RLS was found to be common among health workers. We suggest that health workers should be checked regularly, and they should be informed about the disease in order to raise an awareness and hence increase their quality of life.

AFFILIATIONS

  1. Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Ankara, Turkey
  2. Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, 3. Class Student, Ankara, Turkey

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