Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Attitudes to starting a family among students at Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences]

VÁCZI Anna1, FEITH Helga Judit2, SOÓSNÉ Kiss Zsuzsanna3, NÉMETHNÉ Gradvohl Edina2, FARKAS Boglárka1

FEBRUARY 28, 2014

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2014;27(01)

[Aim of the study: To assess the willingness of students at the Faculty of Health Sciences of Semmelweis University, with respect to the preferred number of children and the planned date of the first birth. To gain an understanding of student attitudes in relation to motherhood and the role of the woman and the relevance of the traditional family model today. Further, to examine the differences in responses from students of the three specialist areas. Methodology and sample: The authors conducted the quantitative sociological survey, based on a self-completion questionnaire, among 2nd, 3rd and 4th year student nurses, student midwifes and student health visitors at the Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences. The results were analysed with the SPSS 19.0 program, using a descriptive statistical method. The proportion of useful responses to the questionnaire was 94.1% (N=257). Results: The majority of the students planned to have children, at an average age of 26.5. The preferred number of children was two or three in most cases. The majority would like to start a family when married, and regard the daily caring for children as mainly the woman’s task, which shows support for the traditional family model. In their present/future circumstances, health visitors expressed a preference for motherhood in the highest numbers, and nurses in the lowest numbers (p=0.,012). Conclusions: The student nurses, midwives and health visitors at the Faculty of Health Sciences clearly plan to start families in the future. They have a traditional attitude towards the maternal role, but putting these ideas into practice is made more difficult by their paramedical vocation. Nurses and midwives, in particular, are in danger of a conflict of roles in their future lives, for reasons such as the shift working and secondary jobs. ]


  1. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Budapest
  2. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Alapozó Egészségtudományi Intézet, Társadalomtudományi Tanszék, Budapest
  3. Semmelweis Egyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Egészségfejlesztési és Klinikai Módszertani Intézet, Egészségtudományi Klinikai Tanszék, Budapest



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Examination of nursing students’s leisure activities and the most important elements of the their social support system ]

PICZIL Márta, PIKÓ Bettina

[Aim of the sudy: The aim of the examination is to show how and what kind of leisure activities the full-time and part-time nursing students spend their free-time. Also that social supportive system is in the centre which can provide help in case of occurence of mental and financial problems by its most important components. Sample and methods: The questionnaire survey was going on at the University of Szeged, Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Studies where the sample consisted of nursing students (N=208) both part-time (n=136) and full-time (n=72). Results: In connection with leisure activities it can be ascertained that the professional nursing students mainly prefer free and located spare time activities. The components of their social supportive system are especially informal ignoring professionism. Conclusions: By the achievements it can be established that a long-waited reform should be carried out in order that in consequence of higher incomes and a better organization of work the extended free-time serves and recreation indeed. In case of mental problems the professional assistants should receive places among the components of social supportive system. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Can be taught first aid for children 5-6 years old?]

BÁNFAI Bálint, RADNAI Balázs, MARTON József, PÉK Emese, DEUTSCH Krisztina, BETLEHEM József

[Aims of the study: Basic Life Saving Activities should be thought in early childhood in order to base helping aptitude for adulthood. The authors’s aim was to teach kindergarten children for basic first aid duties and than to examine their results. Sample and methods: 51 children were involved in the survey. There was two sessions with theoretical and practical games about first aid. On the third session children were tested about their skills and one month later re-tested. The statistical analyses were made with SPSS 17.0 software. Results: The maximum point of the test was 38 points. The average point of the first test was 16,94 points and the re-test score was higher. The difference between the results was significant (p<0,05). The results showed attitudinal differences between boys and girls (p<0,05). Conclusions: The 5 and 6 years old children of kindergarten can learn the basic concepts. ]

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SZALAI Márta, REKTOROVICS Kitti Renáta, PRÉMUSZ Viktória

[Belly dance is perceived as the symbol of the healthy, young and beautyful woman. However when the history of this ancestral dance is studied, it can be seen, that certain movements are applied in healing, furthermore it is employed in some oriental countries until nowadays. Women patients with cancer diseases are suffering both from physical damage and psychical trauma after a resective surgery. Their self-image and self-respect are disturbed, which in several cases leads to isolation, social segregation and at last to disability. Based on literary data cancer caused disability shows an intensely increasing tendency. As an own initiation Százszorszép Hastáncklub (Moonflower Belly Dance Club) hase been established in 2005, which is developed to an ocological rehabilitation method. This method integrates the elements of movement, music andd dance therapie. In addition, it provides a supportive community to the companions. Our examinations confirmed the efficiency of the method. Significant development was demonstrated in the field of social support, quality of life and life-contentment.]

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[In October 2012 the author had the opportunity to spend 4 days in the Netherlands on a study trip. The purpose of the trip was to exchange information about the nursing education facilities and the tasks of Occupational Health Nurses in the Netherlands. The study tour supported by the Federation of Occupational Health Nurses within the European Union. Although the length of the trip was relatively short, the impact and exposure it brought to the author was definitely enormous. ]

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[Aim of the study: The authors studied the attitudes, regarding the future, of female students who had chosen a paramedical vocation. In the course of their work they assessed the students’ vision of the future, and obtained a detailed knowledge of their family and career plans, and the correlations between them. Methodology and sample: The quantitative sociological survey, based on a self-completion questionnaire, was conducted among 2nd, 3rd and 4th year student nurses, student midwifes and student health visitors at the Semmelweis University Faculty of Health Sciences. The results were analysed with the SPSS 19.0 program, using a descriptive statistical method. The proportion of useful responses to the questionnaire was 94.1% (N=257). Results: The students clearly prefer motherhood, but their vision of the future is uncertain. Achieving new and higher professional targets was considered important by 29.2% of the sample, and going to practice their studied profession by 54.5%. With regard to career plans, the authors found a statistically provable difference between the specialisations (p<0.001). Of the nursing students who responded, 82.6% wanted to attain middle-management status by the age of 40, while only 8.7% would also be happy to work as general staff. Conclusions: The female students at Semmelweis University are preparing both to have children and to practice their paramedical vocation. The responses given regarding their vision of the future could show that the reconciliation of these two future roles is already causing uncertainty. A higher proportion of the respondents would like to achieve middle-management status, which represents greater prestige for them. A positive shift in their vision of the future could help prevent career abandonment and emigration. ]

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