Hypertension and nephrology

[Dialysis service in coronavirus pandemic]

SZEGEDI János1, HORN Péter1, GERGELY László1, TÖLGYESI Katalin1, MOLNÁR Gergely1

FEBRUARY 26, 2022

Hypertension and nephrology - 2022;26(01)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33668/hn.26.002

[The coronavirus pandemic started at December 2019 from Wuhan. The rate of spread of the coronavirus epidemic has shocked the entire world, and the WHO declared it as a pandemic in March 2020. The first case in Hungary was confirmed in March 2020. The infection primarily damages the lungs but can also infect other organs. The relationship between coronavirus infection and the kidney is bidirectional. On the one hand, the infection can cause acute renal damage, and on the other hand, chronic kidney patients and patients receiving renal replacement therapy are at increased risk of infection due to their immune compromised status. Chronic kidney patients are three times more likely to have a severe Covid-19 infection than the general population. Among patients with severe Covid-19, the incidence of acute renal failure may exceed. Patients treated with the HD program have a higher risk of infection due to transportation and treatment in the common area. The mortality rate of Covid-19 infected patients receiving renal replacement therapy is 20-35% according to international data. Infections occured in all the dialysis centers of the B.Braun Avitum Dialysis Network during both the 2nd and 3rd wave of the epidemic. Epidemiological data confirm that preventive measures are of paramount importance in the field of prevention of infections and in the care of the pandemic. Effective prevention and patient care can only be ensured on the basis of correct epidemiological data. The management of the B.Braun Avitum Dialysis Network decided at the time of the outbreak in Hungary to establish an Operational Staff to perform tasks related to the epidemic. The tasks of the Operational Staff are the following: to ensure an effective, up-to-date connection with the dialysis centers, to update the epidemiological data, and to develop and operate an effective prevention program and action plan. To address the epidemic situation, complex measures were introduced in the Network regulated in a pandemic plan which was periodically reviewed. This document includes detailed hygiene regulations regarding patient transport, screening of dialysis center entrants, proper use of mask and personal protective equipment, hand hygiene, contact and respiratory isolation, rules of behavior, ordering a visitation ban, and regulation of cooperation with the hospital. ]

AFFILIATIONS

  1. B.Braun Avitum Hungary Eü. Szolg. Zrt., Budapest

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Hypertension and nephrology

[Beyond the blood sugar reduction. SGLT-2 inhibitors in kidney protection]

SIMONYI Gábor

[Results of cardiovascular safety studies with SGLT-2 inhibitors have shown that in addition to their hypoglycaemic and beneficial cardiovascular effects, they are renoprotective. A number of mechanisms underlying the renoprotective effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce albuminuria and deterioration of renal function. Their nephroprotective effects extend over a very wide range of eGFR and albuminuria categories. In the DAPA-CKD study, dapagliflozin was shown to exert its nephroprotective effect regardless of the presence of diabetes and a baseline eGFR, while also having a beneficial effect on cardiovascular endpoints and mortality. Following the confirmation of favourable renal results for SGLT-2 inhibitors, it is no coincidence that they have been included in national and international recommendations for the treatment of chronic kidney disease.]

Hypertension and nephrology

[SARS-CoV-2 fertőzés során kialakult alsó végtagi akut artériás elzáródás esete. „Örülök, hogy élek…”]

VIRÁG Éva, JACZÓ Zsuzsana, VÁRADI Tímea, RAPCSÁNYI Andrea, SZABÓ Ildikó, RADELECZKI Sándor, GASPARICS Roland, SIMONYI Gábor, BARANYAI Árpád, SKRIBEK Levente, NAGYSZEGI Dóra, FARKAS Katalin, KOLOSSVÁRY Endre

Hypertension and nephrology

[Telmisartan plus amlodipine single-pill combination therapy to achieve blood pressure goal values in hypertensive patients treated by general practitioners – an observational study]

ÁMON Tamás, BARACSI-BOTOS Viktória, MÉSZÁROS Ágota, JÁRAI Zoltán

[Background: Current European guidelines on the management of hypertension suggests a simple and easily applicable therapeutic strategy to increase effectiveness. Important component of this strategy is the application of single-pill combination (SPC) of RAS inhibitor in combination with calcium antagonists or diuretics as a first step. Primary objective: To assess the percentage of patients reached goal blood pressure ranges after 12 weeks of fix dose combination therapy with telmisartan plus amlodipine according to office blood pressure measurements in hypertensive patients treated by general practitioners (GPs). Patients and methods: After informed consent, 729 patients of 63 GP’s office participated in this multicentre, non-interventional, prospective data collection study. The intention-to-treat (ITT) population was 717, and primary endpoint was analysed in 690 patients (per protocol [PP] population). There were two visits during the study. Blood pressure was measured in all patients at the time of the enrollment and at the second and final visit. Results: The average age of the patients was 62±12 years, 55% of the patients were younger than 65 years, 357 patients (49.8%) of the population was male. The average office blood pressure at baseline was 150±17/88±10 mmHg, and decreased to 130±8.1/78±6.1 mmHg at 12 week (p<0.05). Pulse rate has decreased as well (from 80±9.8 /min to 75±6.3/min). At baseline 10.1% of the patients were at optimal systolic blood pressure goal, 15.8% at optimal diastolic blood pressure goal and only 5.5% simultaneously at systolic and diastolic goal. By the end of the observational period the percentage of patients reached optimal BP goal values increased to 51.6%, 54.1% and 33.0%, respectively (systolic, diastolic, systolic and diastolic). Also the proportion of those who achieved primary target BP below 140/90 mmHg was higher. At baseline 19.2% of patients had BP below 140/90 mmHg, which increased to 87.1% by the end of the study. Patients tolerated SPC telmisartan/amlodipine well, 95% of the patients continued to receive prescribed medication after study conclusion. Conclusion: These real world data shows that the introduction of a fix dose combination therapy after free combination therapy increases the success rate of treatment during a relative short period, however many of the patients would still need higher doses or additional therapy after 3 months in order to achieve the optimal BP target levels. ]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Dialyzed patients with Covid-19 infection in Hungary in 2020]

KULCSÁR Imre

[We have observed the number and mortality of dialyzed patients with Covid-19 infection in 2020 in Hungary. We have summarized all of 54 dialysis facility where adult patients were treated. During the year, 1242 cases of infection were confirmed in patients undergoing dialysis. 16% (753/4704) of incident dialysis patients were infected. The number of dialysis patients with all Covid-19 infections was 1995. 31.1% of infected patients have died. The mortality was higher in large hemodialysis centers (patient transport, isolation difficulties, increased risk of contamination). Covid-19 positive patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) had significantly lower mortality than those treated with hemodialysis (HD). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the most common risk factor for serious Covid-19 infections worldwide, which is why these patients require increased attention (especially for dialysis and transplant recipients). In 2020, there was no vaccine available in our country]

Hypertension and nephrology

[Metabolic effects of cardiovascular drugs]

FÜLÖP Tibor

[Cardiovascular drugs are used for the treatment and primary and secondary prevention of diseases affecting the cardiovascular system. Like all drugs, these drugs may have pharmacological effects in addition to their therapeutic effects. Of particular importance are the effects that affect, have a positive or negative effect on global or cardiac metabolism. In addition to primary cardiovascular diseases, most cardiovascular diseases are strongly influenced by patient’s metabolic status and adaptation to the disease itself. Drugs that affect global and cardiovascular metabolism, in addition to their recognized main mechanism of action, may be of particular interest, both because of their potential beneficial and detrimental effects, especially in the long run, as these drugs are most likely to be taken by our patients for the rest of their lives. These effects should be known to physicians treating patients with cardiovascular disease, and their therapeutic decisions should be made by this knowledge. This article is intended to assist in this decision making by reviewing the metabolic effects of major cardiovascular drugs.]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Vaccines against COVID-19 pandemic]

FALUS András, SZEKANECZ Zoltán

[The rapidly spreading SARS-CoV2 respiratory virus has evoked an epidemic with serious aftermath around the world. In addition to the health effects, the global economic damage is actually unpredictable. At the same time, the pandemic has launched a series of unprecedented collaborative scientific research, including the development of vaccines. This study summarizes up-to-date information on vaccines, immune memory, and some emerging clinical effects.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Correlations Between Burnout and Socio-demographic and Workplace Related Factors Among Health-care Workers During The Covid-19 Pandemics]

NÉMETH Anikó, IRINYI Tamás

[The present study aimed to assess the level of burn-out among health-care workers in 2020 and its correlations with socio-demographic and workplace related factors. The cross-sectional study was conducted by the means of a self-constructed online survey in the beginning of 2021. The responses of 1965 people were analysed with the help of SPSS 23.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis probes were run (p<0.05). Severe burnout was present in 46.7% of the responders. Age, marital status, type of health-care provided and years spent in the health-care system didn’t show any correlation with burnout. Unsure vision, opinion about salary raise and uncertainty at the workplace influenced the level of burnout significantly (p<0.000). The mental health of health-care workers is in continuous decline, in which the COVID-19 pandemic might play a big role. People with worse mental health feel more uncertain regarding their future and job; this might make providing health-care more and more difficult.]

Clinical Neuroscience

Acute transverse myelitis after inactivated COVID-19 vaccine

ERDEM Şimşek Nazan, DEMIRCI Seden, ÖZEL Tuğba , MAMADOVA Khalida, KARAALI Kamil , ÇELIK Tuğba Havva , USLU Ilgen Ferda, ÖZKAYNAK Sibel Sehür

Vaccines against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been rapidly developed to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. There is increasing safety concerns regarding COVID-19 vaccines. We report a 78-year old woman who was presented with tetraparesis, paresthesias of bilateral upper extremities, and urinary retention of one-day duration. Three weeks before these symptoms, she was vaccinated with CoronaVAC vaccine (Sinovac Life Sciences, China). Spine magnetic resonance imaging showed longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (TM) from the C1 to the T3 spinal cord segment. An extensive diagnostic workup was performed to exclude other possible causes of TM. We suggest that longitudinally extensive TM may be associated with COVID-19 vaccination in this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of longitudinally extensive TM developing after CoronaVac vaccination. Clinicians should be aware of neurological symptoms after vaccination of COVID-19.

Clinical Neuroscience

The effect of sniffing Turkish coffee on olfactory disorders in COVID-19 patients: An experimental clinical study

BULBULOGLU Semra, ALTUN Yasar

The current study aimed to examine the effect of sniffing Turkish coffee on the sense of smell in COVID-19 patients. This study utilized the experiment-control method. Data were collected using a patient and disease information form and the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center (CCCRC) Test. An experimental group of patients sniffed Turkish coffee, and the coffee’s effect on the patients’ sense of smell was examined. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 (IBM). Of the patients in the experimental group, 25% had moderate hyposmia, 58.3% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia prior to sniffing Turkish coffee. After sniffing the Turkish coffee, 13.3% of these patients regained their ability to smell normally, while 18.3% had mild hyposmia, 45% had moderate hyposmia, 6.7% had severe hyposmia, and 16.7% had anosmia. There was no difference in the control group between first and second measurement. COVID-19 patients who sniffed Turkish coffee intermittently regained some of their sense of smell for one hour. Turkish coffee is cheap, fragrant, widely available, and easy to access. Therefore, results of this study suggest that it may be recommended for treating olfactory disorder in COVID-19 patients.

Clinical Neuroscience

The effect of starting a meal with salt and date palm on taste impairment caused by COVID-19

ALTUN Yasar , BULBULOGLU Semra

This study was conducted to examine the effect of starting a meal with salt and date palm on the sense of taste in COVID-19 patients. This study was conducted using a randomized controlled method. Patient and disease information forms and Visual Analog Scale were used for data collection. Salt and date palm were used to stimulate the sense of taste in two different experimental groups. No procedure was made in the control group except for the practice of the clinic. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 25. The mean ages of all groups were between 43.42 ± 8.60 and 47.22 ± 12.04 years. Fever, sore throat, dry mouth, cough, muscle weakness, and similar symptoms were present in all groups. Significant improvements were found in patients with hypoageusia and ageusia after date palm and salt application (p<0.01). For taste impairment caused by COVID-19, consumption of date palm and tasting very little salt for therapeutic purposes may help to alleviate taste impairment. Based on the data obtained from this study, the pathophysiology of the effects of date palm and salt on taste complications should be investigated.