Clinical Neuroscience

[Dysfunctional personality attitudes and depression amng adolescents suffering from migraine-type headache]

CSORBA János1, FARKAS Viktor2, MIHÁDÁK Katalin2

MARCH 20, 1996

Clinical Neuroscience - 1996;49(03-04)

[Authors compared a clinical sample of adolescent migraine patients (n=28) aequal in age mean sex ratio with a group of healthy control adolescents (n=68) to demonstrate some differential psychological characteristics of adolescents suffering from migraine. The Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (Burns) and Beck's Depression Inventory were used. The patient sample achieved an increased scores on Approval, Entitlement and Omnipotence scales as well as the group showed a greater total means of the DAS scale, but an unexpectedly lower level of Depressivity has been proved in the clinical sample. Both DAS variables and BDI characterize the two groups better, than clinical features, but besides sufficient sensitivity only moderate specificity was managed to achieve on classification by means of discriminant analysis. Migraneous adolescents do not suffer from depressivity, only gradual differences between the two samples have been found.]


  1. SOTE Pszichiátriai és Pszichoterápiás Klinika
  2. SOTE I. Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest



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BARCS Gábor, VITRAI József, HALÁSZ Péter

[The short term verbal and the visuo-spatial memory performance of 37 temporal lobe, 30 idiopathic generalized epileptic patients, and 24 normal control individuals were studied by interactive computerized tests. The short term visuo-spatial memory performance of epileptic patients was basically determined by the Raven IQ and strongly influenced by the seizure frequency and sustained attention while the verbal memory performance seemed to be independent of these parameters. The verbal memory performance of temporal lobe epileptic patients on carbamazepine monotherapy was lower compared to the idiopathic generalized epileptic patients on valproate monotherapy and to the normal controls. The difference between the performance of temporal lobe epileptic patients and normal controls was statistically significant. The memory performance in the group of temporal lobe epileptics proved to be independent of the laterality of the affected side. Concerning the short term visuo-spatial memory, after the factors having influence on the memory were ruled out, there was no difference between the controls and patients. Memory performance was not influenced by the duration of the illness nor by the type of antiepileptics used. In a treatment resistant group of idiopathic generalized epileptic patients, without considering other factors having influences on the memory, the visuo-spatial memory performance was even lower than the performance of the temporal lobe epileptic patients.]

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[The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between the physical activity of asthmatics, sleep disorders, the extent of asthma treatment, and to assess the quality of life in terms of physical activity. We conducted our quantitative, cross-sectional survey between 2020-2021. In a non-randomized, comfort sampling the target group was defined as adolescents aged between 14–18 years, their diagnosis of asthma bronchiale had to be for at least 1 year ago. The data were collected by a self-prepared questionnaire, the domains included: socio-demographic questions related to physical activites, symptoms, sleep disorders, severity of asthma. We used miniAQLQ to assess quality of life. The statistical analysis were performed by using Microsoft Excel 2016 and SPSS v 24 programs. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum), two-sample t-test, Chi-square test were performed. The mean age of the respondents was 16±1.51, 38% were boys and 62% were girls (N=105). There was no significant difference between physical activity and the frequency of seizures and sleep disorders (p>0.05). There is a significant difference between the genders and the symptoms increasing with intense exercise (p=0.02). We found significant correlation between the active participations in physical education classes and the severity of the disease (p=0.021). There is a significant correlation between moderate-, social activities and physical activity (p<0.05). Appropriate health education, recommendation in career choices as well as in physical activities done by nurses may lead to decrease in the number of suffocation attacks in cases of adolescents suffering from asthma bronchiale.]

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[Obesity and related diseases caused by unhealthy eating form a serious public health problem already in youth. In terms of prevention, it is essential to explore adolescents’ eating behaviors and factors influencing their diet. Our study aimed to explore adolescents’ eating behaviors, its motivations and their relation to self-control and risk perception related to eating behavior. Participants were 374 high school students (48% males; mean age: 16 years, S.D.=1.5) from Szeged and Bu­da­pest. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection which assessed socio-demographics, eating behaviors, mo­ti­vation, eating behavior related risk perception and self-control. Using factor analysis, we categorized eating behaviors (“junk food/drink consumption”; “health-oriented nutrition”; and “snacking and habit-oriented nutrition”), and eating motivations (“social, emotional and external motives”; “traditions and internal motives”; and “health motives”). According to correlation analysis, self-control was positively related to health-oriented nutrition and health motives and negatively to junk food/drink consumption and social, emotional and external motives. These two latter factors were associated with an increased risk perception as well. Our results draw the attention to strengthen self-control and explore the role of risk perception and eating motivations in school health education programs. ]

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Lege Artis Medicinae



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