Lege Artis Medicinae

[Who are the happy family physicians in Hungary?]

GYŐRFFY Zsuzsa, TORZSA Péter

MARCH 20, 2017

Lege Artis Medicinae - 2017;27(03)

[INTRODUCTION - Mental and somatic morbidity of healers is the most commonly researched issue in physician related studies. Few of them focus on the positive as-pects of the physicians’ profession though. METHODS - A focus group qualitative study of family physicians (n=14), who work in Budapest, was conducted. Three important topics were analyzed in this study - the positive aspects of the daily routine, the issue of the work-family balance and the decisive aspects of the patient - doctor relationship. RESULTS - The main positive elements of the family physicians’ professional lives are the independent working conditions, the diversity of patients, an intensive relationship with families and communities, and a special patient-doctor relationship. Beside professional fulfilment, the possibility of ba­lance between work,family and private time are the key components of their wellbeing. CONCLUSIONS - According to both our results and the findings of international literature, the happiness of family physicians depends on independence. This independence is present in their professional life, in the balance of work and family life and in time management as well.]

COMMENTS

0 comments

Further articles in this publication

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Based on recent evidences, for what kind of diseases are the Hungarian thermal waters beneficial?]

BENDER Tamás

[Hungary has extremely favorable geothermal facilities, resulting in a leadership role in the usage of thermal water for medical purposes and for publishing medical studies. In the recent decades, a total of 40 balneological subject studies were published in English language journals with impact factors, among these 25 original articles dealing with musculoskeletal disorders, as well as inflammatory and metabolic parameters, dermatological and gynecological diseases; besides these, five experimental works and ten reviews, editorial letters, and other issues. In addition, 20 papers have been published in Hungarian medical journals on the topic of musculoskeletal disorders, including six double-blind clinical studies and six single-blind studies. Based on the published domestic and foreign publications, as other studies have not refuted, Hungarian mineral waters, irrespective of mineral content and concentration of the water, have pain killing effect at patients suffering from degenerative musculoskeletal disorders, chronic low back pain and sometimes improve the quality of life of the patients. Based on small number of data the sulfur and salt bath may be beneficial for dermatologic and gynecologic disorders, while carbon dioxide bath, dry carbonic snow, and mofetta may be beneficial in cardiac and vascular rehabilitation; radon bath and radon cave affect the endocrine system; however, to prove it, a study of a large number of patients are required. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[An analysis of the ankle-brachial index in patients with diabetes in general practice]

GALVÁCS Henrietta, HASITZ Ágnes, BALOGH Zoltán

[INTRODUCTION - Diabetic macroangiopathy is one of the most prevalent complications of chronic diabetes mellitus. In Hungary, diabetic foot diseases and atherosclerosis are the most common causes of lower limb amputations. In this paper, we aim to present the correlations between the ankle-brachial index in patients with diabetes mellitus, and risk factors such as HbA1c levels, smoking and gender, in order to prevent atherosclerosis and to facilitate its rapid diagnosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS - Ankle-brachial index (ABI) of diabetic patients was measured and statistically analysed. Our goal was to determine potential correlations between ABI and the three above mentioned risk factors. The study population consisted of patients with a known history of diabetes mellitus (n=65) who visited the general practitioner's office between July 2015 and September 2016. RESULTS - 47.69% of patients exhibited a pathological ankle-brachial index. The ankle-brachial index showed a statistically significant correlation with gender (p=0,054). There was no significant correlation between the ankle-brachial index and smoking (p=0.838) or between the ankle-brachial index and HbA1c levels (p=0.430). CONCLUSION - Our research suggests that primary care physicians should regularly assess the ankle-brachial index in diabetic patients as preclinical atherosclerosis is frequently present in this population. Regular screening can facilitate early diagnosis and reduce the risk of severe macrovascular complications.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[End-of-Life Decision Situations Physician Assisted Suicide: Arguments in Legal Language – For and Against ]

KŐMÜVES Sándor

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Purple urine bag syndrome]

VANDRUS Boglárka, KALABAY László, HARGITTAY Csenge, MÁRKUS Bernadett, TAMÁS Ferenc, TORZSA Péter

[Purple discoloration of an urinary catheter bag is rare and might be alarming to both patients and physicians. Purple urine bag syndrome is associated with urinary tract infections occurring in catheterized patients, generally elderly females. The urine is usually alkaline. Usually Gram-negative bacteria are detected, and tryptophan metabolism is involved in the pathogenesis. We present a case of this rare and interesting phenomenon and discuss the underlying pathogenesis. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Curing a Fit of Laughter with Love, or a Rhapsody of Softness and Toughness ]

GEREVICH József

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The role of the family physician in the preparation for liver transplantation in Wilson’s disease]

FARKAS Anett, KALABAY László, MÁTHÉ Zoltán, MÁRKUS Bernadett, SZALAY Ferenc, VÖRÖS Krisztián, TORZSA Péter

[Wilson’s disease is an autosomal recessive disease with toxic copper accumulation caused by the mutation of the ATP7B gene in chromosome 13. The estimated prevalence of the disease is 2-3 / 100000. Early diagnosis is important because the treatment may stop the progression and could result regression or it can prevent the clinical manifestation of the disease. In our case study we describe how difficult could be to diagnose the disease, the role of the family physician in the preparation for liver transplantation and in the follow-up care. This case is an example demonstrating that Wilson's disease is often diagnosed only years after the appearance of the first symptom. We review the most important literature data on Wilson’s disease. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[The role and scope of screening and diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome by the family physician]

ANNUS János Kristóf, ÁDÁM Ágnes, BECZE Ádám, CSATLÓS Dalma, LÁSZLÓ Andrea, KALABAY László, SZAKÁCS ZOLTÁN

[Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders play an increasingly important role in everyday clinical practice of family physicians. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a significant disorder of this disease group due to its relatively high incidence rate and increasing risk of adverse medical outcomes in the course of time. The prevalence of OSAS is 2-4% in the general population. It is characterized by obstructive apneas and hypopneas mostly with desaturations and/or arousals caused by the repetitive collapse of the upper airway during sleep. Besides impairing sleep efficacy and daytime neurocognitive functions, OSAS increases cardiovascular risk as well. The typical clinical presentation is an excessive daytime sleepiness and loud snoring interrupted by brief pauses of breathing. It can be a risk factor for treatment-resistant and/or non-dipper hypertension, nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias, stroke, cognitive decline and depression. The importance of OSAS is presented by the fact that - according to the latest related Hungarian law reforms - risk evaluation of the disorder is part of the medical assessment of suitability for a driving license. The family physician’s tasks are to recognize the clinical symptoms, identify high-risk patients with potential complications who need adequate treatment and eventually guide them to sleep-diagnostic centers. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[Depression, anxiety and suicidal behavior. Recognition and care]

RIHMER Zoltán, BLAZSEK Péter, HARGITTAY Csenge, KALABAY László, TORZSA Péter

[Depression and anxiety disorders are major problems both in psychiatric and in general practice because of their frequency and recurring character. Owing to their common complications (suicide, suicide attempts, secondary alcoholism / drug disease, increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality, loss of work, social isolation, etc.) they are the cause of significant individual, family and social burdens. In our paper we review the clinically revealable suicide risk and protective factors that can be observed in depression and anxiety disorders as well as the main aspects of the recognition and care of suicidal patients. With available medicines and non-pharmacological therapies, the vast majority of depressive and anxiety patients can be successfully treated and in most cases we can prevent suicidal behavior associated with these diseases. Besides psychiatrists general practitioners as well play a significant role in preventing suicidal behavior and in the recognition of suicide risk. ]