Lege Artis Medicinae - 2005;15(02)

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[LONG-TERM OXYGEN TREATMENT]

SOMFAY Attila

[Long-term oxygen therapy is the only treatment that has been shown to significantly improve life expectancy in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibiting marked hypoxemia. There has been sginificant advances in the longterm oxygen therapy in the last two decades caused by the technological improvements in oxygen delivery systems as well as our better knowledge of the beneficial effects of the longterm oxygen therapy including better quality of life, exercise... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[THE IMMUNPATHOGENESIS OF VASCULITIDES]

ZEHER Margit

[The vasculitides are clinicopathologic entities characterized by the inflammation and damage to blood vessels. Most vasculitic syndromes are mediated by immunopathogenic mechanisms. Most immune vasculitides are idiopathic (“primary vasculitis”) and systemic. The “immune vasculitides” are classified according to their hypersensitivity reaction types: allergic angiitis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) -associated vasculitis, immunecomplex vasculitis, and vasculitis associated with T... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[THE TREATMENT OF ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE BASED ON CURRENT GUIDELINES]

SZEGEDI Norbert, MAY Zsolt, ÓVÁRY Csaba

[Cerebrovascular diseases are third among the most frequent causes of mortality in developed countries and represent the most common cause of disability in adulthood. 80% of all acute stroke cases are of ischemic origin. The proven significant efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA in the NINDS rt-PA Stroke Trial was the cornerstone of the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, followed by several recommendations. From this time on, the attention shifted to early and appropriate... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[SEVERE CASE OF HYPOSMOTIC HYPERVOLAEMIA DUE TO WATER INTOXICATION]

BOTOS Péter, MARTON Sándor, KISS Katalin, KOZMA Zsolt, GION Gábor

[INTRODUCTION - The regulation of fluid and electrolite homeostasis is of crucial importance to maintain the normal biochemical processes of the body. Any sudden and remarkable change in the salt and water metabolism may result in serious consequences. CASE REPORT - In the case report the authors describe the history of a 17 old patient, who was admitted to the Emergency Department following seizures, with mental confusion, hyperpyrexia and hyponatremia. CONCLUSION - The aim of the authors was... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[The selection criteria of the preoperative ERCP]

LAKATOS Péter László, MESTER Gábor, RÉTI György, NAGY Attila

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 20, 2005

[ALDOSTERONE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY]

GLÁZ Edit, SZŰCS Nikolett, VARGA Ibolya

[The discovery of aldosterone as the principal mineralocorticoid hormone led to a new era in the study of the regulation and the pathological/clinical relevance of the fluid-salt homeostasis and blood pressure. Here, we discuss briefly the history of the discovery of aldosterone, its biosynthesis, the mechanism of action, regulation and the diseases which are associated with its pathologically increased production and hypertension: primary and secondary hyperaldosteronisms. Considering their... tovább »