Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[And who is the other?]

ROZSOS Erzsébet

AUGUST 30, 2015

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice - 2015;28(04)

[The author reviews, interprets and illustrates the main concepts with practical examples that appear in the area of transcultural health care and nursing. ]



Further articles in this publication

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[The effects of night shifts on nurses]


[Aim of the research: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of night shifts on the somatic and psychic health, sleeping habits and substance use of nurses. Research and sampling methods: A self constructed questionnaire was administered online in October 2014 (N=396). Data were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 using descriptive statistics, chi-square and unpaired two-sample t-tests program (p<0.05). Results: Nurses having night shifts evaluated their health as worse (p=0.031), backache (p=0.019) and heartburn (p=0.029) were reported more frequent. They consume significantly more cigarettes (p=0.011). They experience more work related stress (p=0.002) and sleep disorders (p=0.006). Regarding burn-out (p=0.438) and chronic diseases (p=0.061) there was no significant difference between nurses with and without night shifts. Conclusions: Night shifts affect the health and substance use of nurses and disturb their biorhythms. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Care of patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis]

PALLA László, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the research: Assessment of workers’ knowledge regarding patients suffering from a rare neurological disorder, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Research and sampling methods: The target groups were: intensive care unit (Group I) and home care service nurses (Group II). The authors chose a self-developed questionnaire study, what was filled out on by 161 nurses. Results: Considering graduation from Group I. 17 (20%), from Group II, 27 (36%) have diploma in nursing education. Based on the answers, the ratio of the results are almost identical. Over 40% declare that they do not have sufficient knowledge, nurses can professional protocols in practice, but not always correctly. Taking the recommendation over 70% of answered the questions correctly. More than 95% of the two surveyed agreed, that they are able to give advice on care. 18.87% of Group I, and 20.97% of Group II attend case discussions weekly. Conclusions: Nurses need to supplement their knowledge about the disease, and technical protocol. Additional information needed to develop the competencies of communication among nurses. I would consider to develop a practice guideline on the disease, which members of the care team will uniformly apply. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Investigation of the factors infl uencing among members of the care team in terms of the identity of the leadership]


[Aim of the research: The objective of the research is to map the different subcultures, examine in detail the role of subgroups and the influencing factors that are determining the relationships between the members of the Institution’s healthcare provider teams. Research and sampling methods: Data and information collection was advisedly planned, guided and implemented with help of personal communication techniques. With regard to the final form of data collection method based on standardized preliminary research plan, I’ve selected partly structured and unstructured interview forms, with closed and open questions. The analysis was performed by interviewing 10 chief physicians and 10 head assistants. Results: 100% of the interviewed leaders related that competencies are determined primarily by skills, human attitudes and personality. The analyzed subjects confirmed that well defined expectations expressed by leaders and open communication is enhancing the close co-operation between team members and is reducing hereby the work stress. The investigation underpinned that good co-operation of team leader couples, or lack of co-operation has strong impact on the team’s performance and on the relationships between team members. Conclusions: Identifying, understanding and handling our own or other people feelings, the behavior with our fellow creatures is matter of emotional intelligence, and not of cognitive capability. With help of deep interviews, valid facts, leadership manners, management of conflict situations were identified and pointed at the influencing factors of department’s micro culture and the work atmosphere of the organization. Diversity of the work, rate of workplace monitoring, rate of qualifications and skills required for the job, quality of interpersonal relationships are contributing to workplace satisfaction and the evolution of team spirit among colleague ]

All articles in the issue

Related contents

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Nursing career of the high-school students]


[Aim of the research: The aim of the study is to analyze the trends of student orientation in the age and compulsory education process by age group. In our research, we would like to answer the question of how much „popularity” the health care profession as a professional area among students participating in Hungarian public education. If you feel this area of expertise close to you, what kind of vision you have. Research and sampling methods: A self-constructed questionnaire was administered during 24 Oct 2017 - 13 Jan 2018. In all counties of Hungary, the authors sent it to at least one of the training sites and filled up with me (N=329). These training sites are involved in healthcare training. Data were analysed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows statistical program. Chi square, Mann-Whitney tests were applied (p <0,05). Results: Out of the 159 people (48%), 170 (52%) in the family have healthcare workers. When performing the controls of the distributions, we can conclude that there is no significant difference in the distribution between the two groups, so there is the same number - that is, statistically significant difference - of the proportion of those willing to choose the health care path. In terms of career choice, 276 (86%) of respondents believe it is likely to be oriented towards the health care path, with 46 people (14%) planning their life is in another direction. Seven of its principal did not answer the question. By completing the Mann-Whitney test, we can conclude that there is no significant difference between the two groups in the medians, so there is no difference - that is, statistically significant difference - with respect to career choice as a nursing profession’s esteem. Of the 329 participants, 215 (65%) replied that they would like to work as a nurse, while 114 (35%) responded that they would not choose this job. Conclusion: Don’t influence significantly the career entrant if there is a healthcare worker in the family. Who stand in front of career choice don’t influence significantly the appreciation but is more motivated by sympathy and helplessness toward another person.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Associated factors of independency in older adults with cognitive impairment living in a long term care institute]


[Aim of the research: Functional independence determines the elderly’s health and quality of life. In them cross-sectional study the authors analysed the associations between functional abilities (balance, gait, functional mobility, cognitive abilities), age, BMI and comorbidities and independency in older adults with cognitive impairment. Research and sampling methods: 110 elderly people were measured. Self-sufficiency was measured by the Katz-index, balance, and gait by the Tinetti Test and functional mobility by the Timed Up and Go Test. Correlations between variables were analysed with the Spearman’s rank-order correlation. Results: There was strong association between balance (r=0,557), gait (r=0,515), functional mobility (r=-0,647), and independency. It means the better the balance, gait, and functional mobility is, the higher the independency is. There was weak association between age, BMI, cognitive abilities, comorbidities and independency. Conclusion: Results show that preserving of the functional independence in older adults with cognitive impairment is a multidisciplinary task: physiotherapists and nurses should work together to complete doctors’ curative work of chronic diseases.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

[On nursing in a different way - What are we talking about? ]

SÖVÉNYI Ferencné, PERKÓ Magdolna, FEDINECZNÉ Vittay Katalin

[Using an uncustomary approach to nursing history, authors review the intensive development process in the 1990s that resulted in the transition of nursing from an occupation to profession in Hungary. An occupa­tion attains professional status if its practitio­ners have access to education and training of a considerable duration, it has independent professional organisation, an ethical code of its own and is regulated by law. The article addresses these factors discussing at length the history and development of nurs­ing education and training in Hungary, subsequently it describes the process arching from practical nursing to the appearance of nursing science, an intrinsic part of which was the birth of a scientific nursing journal “Nővér”. The relevant and effective legislation on nursing and nursing practice is re­viewed comprehensively and the efforts to establish professional nursing organisations are described. It is maintained that framework conditions had to be established as a necessary precondition for nursing to professionalise itself on its own and become a vocation highly regarded by society. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Awareness of Blood donation-related issues among paramedical professionals in Hungary]

RAJKI Veronika, HIRDI Henriett Éva, BALOGH Zoltán, MÉSZÁROS Judit

[Aim of the research: To assess the blood donation-related knowledge of paramedical professionals working in the fields of nursing and care-giving, emergency care, surgical care and obstetric care in Hungary. Sample and method: The anonymous, self-completion questionnaire used in the survey was based on the „Eurobarometer 41.0 (1995): Europeans and Blood” survey, which the authors supplemented with their own questions. The authors conducted a web-based survey. The survey took place between 15 July and 15 September 2012, among paramedical professionals in four different professional groups, using a convenience sampling method. The authors analysed the collected data with IBM SPSS Statistics 20 software and the Kingsoft Office Spreadsheet (2012) program, using a descriptive statistical method and chi square test. Results: The survey took place with the participation of 312 paramedical professionals. Based on the results of the survey it was established that all the professional groups displayed gaps in their knowledge regarding blood donation. 86.19% of respondents have a correct understanding of blood donation. No significant differences can be observed between the levels of knowledge in the individual professional groups. Conclusions: The results display some significant and some non-significant correlations, as well as stochastic relationships relating to the distribution within the submanifolds. In the interest of eliminating the gaps in knowledge that were revealed in respect of the individual issues, the authors highlight the need for further training of paramedical professionals regarding blood donation.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

[Managing faecal incontinence with a rectal catheter]

STELA Gilanová, KOLLÁROVÁ Lívia, PAPP Katalin

[All patients have the right to the appropriate treatment and level of comfort during their stay in hospital. One of the basic requirements of quality nursing is the assurance of bodily hygiene and humane treatment. In our paper we would describe rectal catheterisation, which is now a widely used procedure in the care of patients with faecal incontinence in Slovakia. Moreover, we cite specific data on the economic benefits of using a rectal catheter.]