Specialities

Endocrinology

Hypertension and nephrology

NOVEMBER 01, 2021

[Subtype diagnosis, treatment, complications and outcomes of primary aldosteronism and future direction of research: a position statement and consensus of the Working Group on Endocrine Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension – excerpts]

KOVÁTS Viktória, ALFÖLDI Sándor

[Primary aldosteronism is a frequent cause of secondary hypertension requiring a specific pharmacological treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist or with unilateral adrenalectomy. These treatments have shown to reduce the excess of cardiovascular risk characteristically associated with this disease. In this consensus, we discussed the procedures for the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism, we address the strategies for the differential diagnosis of primary aldosteronism subtypes and... tovább »

Clinical Neuroscience

SEPTEMBER 30, 2021

Medication overuse headache: The effectivity of iv lidocaine – magnesium

TEPE Nermin, TERTEMIZ Faysal Oktay

The detoxification process in medication overuse headache is the most difficult process for the patient. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the combination of low dose IV lidocaine and magnesium (100 mg lidocaine and 1.25 mg magnesium) in patients with medication overuse headache during the detoxification process. A total of 30 patients were included in the study; 15 received 24 hours of IV hydration, 15 received 1-hour lidocaine-magnesium infusion at the onset of pain in addition to... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

SEPTEMBER 16, 2021

[Paradigm shift in the drug therapy of HFrEF]

HEPP Tamás, VARJAS Norbert, BENCZÚR Béla

[The incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) is constantly increasing, its mor­bidity and mortality are still high, thus the disease burden is huge and its proper treatment is of paramount importance. Subs­tantial evidence on improving its prognosis remains available only by the treatment of chronic heart failure with reduced left ventricular function (HFrEF). There have been published a number of “milestone” studies in the last decades, the results of which fundamentally determined the... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

SEPTEMBER 16, 2021

[Coronavirus disease-2019 among rheumatic musculoskeletal patients – possible outcomes of infection, severe disease development and effectiveness of vaccination]

HODINKA László

[The prevalence of coronavirus infection of patients with inflammatory and rheumatic diseases does not differ significantly from the rate of the disease in the local general population. Patients treated with higher doses of corticosteroids, especially those with more severe systemic autoimmune disease, contract coronavirus infection at a higher rate. The risks of hospitalisation and the mortality rate do not differ significantly from those of the general COVID infected population. Patients... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

SEPTEMBER 16, 2021

[Bradykinin-cytokin-storm and its pathomechanism in very severe Covid-19]

SZÉKÁCS Béla, VÁRBÍRÓ Szabolcs, KÉKES Ede, DEBRECZENI Lóránd

[The authors review the pathomechanism of severe COVID-19 leading to systemic uncontrollable inflammation, thrombotic events and other complications. The review includes the extremely complex interactions between the infecting coronavirus and the in loco cellular-tissue contact system, the kinin-kallikrein and the renin-angiotensin systems. Authors critically evaluate some potential therapeutic interventions aiming at the mitigation of the dominant bradykinin-cytokine storm in the background of... tovább »

Lege Artis Medicinae

SEPTEMBER 16, 2021

[RAAS inhibitors therapy – COVID-19 pandemic]

KÉKES Ede

[Acute respiratory syndrome with various signs and outcomes caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus is the biggest challenge facing health systems worldwide today. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and kinin-kallikrein systems and within these two endopeptidases (ACE and ACE2) play a crucial role in the developing clinical feature of COVID-19. Adverse effects of the ACE-stimulated Ang II/AT1R axis (oxidant, pro-inflammatory effect, vasoconstriction) are counterbalanced by the ACE2-induced AT2R and MasR... tovább »