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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

DECEMBER 30, 2019

[Health awareness among nurses]

SZALÓCZY Nóra, VINGENDER István

[The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the dietary habits and health behaviors of nurses studying in SE-ETK. The study describes in a descriptive/informative manner the main characteristics of the target group mentioned above. In our research, and in our conclusions drawn and deduced from it, we sought answers to questions that have been addressed in the literature from other approaches so far. Our own research focused on nurses’ dietary habits and their health awareness. To explore whether occupational harm can only be considered, or whether the links here are much deeper and more complex. Based on the data, we can say that their theoretical knowledge of healthy eating is more complete, but in practice, their health awareness/behavior is not. Their answers to our eating and sports questions have an inverse relationship with their BMI data. This is probably because their workplace conditions (shifts) do not allow their health awareness to develop. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

AUGUST 30, 2019

[Dangerous beauty - Health risks of beauty salon workers ]

PÁLVÖLGYI Éva, HIRDI Henriett Éva

[The aim of the study: The aim was to assess the health status and working conditions of the beauty salon workers (hairdressers, barbers, beauticians, manicurists and pedicurists), and their knowledge regarding workplace risk factors. Methods: The survey was conducted in December 2018 - January 2019 through self-constructed online questionnaire among Hungarian beauty salon workers which covered socio-demographic data, workers’ health issues and occupational health issues. Data were analysed with SPSS 22.0. Results: The online questionnaire filled out by a total of 166 beauty salon workers. workers (165 women and 1 man). The respondents had an average age of 35.21 years. The average working hours of the workers was 8.88 hours. 33.73% of the sample did not visited the occupational health setting at all. It can conclude that all of the respondents have chronical disease. Conclusions: The research confirmed that the employees of the beauty industry are exposed to a lot of health damaging factors, which is primarily the permanent contamination with chemical substances. The test results prove, that more emphasis should be placed on prevention and appearance in occupational health tests, as well as order to the personal protective equipment to use for healthy and safe working.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 20, 2020

[Personality development in East and West, and some clinical implications ]

PUREBL György

[Exploring human personality focused mainly on trait and state markers of behaviour so far. Nevertheless, the concept of the universal, culture-independent model of personality carries more disturbing difficulties: hardly understandable inter-cultural conflicts, culture-related mental disorders and scientific experiences with unexpected outcomes. It can be hypothesized, that beside personality concept represented by the Euro-Atlantic civilisation and mainstream psychology there is an alternative concept of personality. Opposed to the independent, autonomous ego concept of individualistic cultures, collectivistic (primarily far-eastern) cultures are providing an interdependent model. According to this model, the core element of personality are determined rather by social embedding instead of the person’s own characteristics, which are secondary to the personal traits and characteristics. This study attempts to briefly outline the concept of interdependent personality, with some illustrative clinical examples. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 10, 2019

[Health risk awareness among healthcare professionals]

SZOBOTA Lívia, BALOGH Zoltán

[INTRODUCTION - The aim of our study was to assess how aware healthcare professionals are of the risks and dangers they are faced with while performing their jobs. MATERIAL AND METHOD - Data collection was done quantitatively with a survey filled out by the subjects themselves from among medical/healthcare professionals who are currently working multiple shifts or medical professionals who are in leadership positions and are currently continuing their higher education beside their employment. Data analysis was done with the help of Microsoft Excel and SPSS using the Pearson chi-squared test and the Mann Whitney test (p<0.05) as well as descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS - The 134 healthcare professionals taking part in the study were not fully aware of the health risks they are faced with. CONCLUSION - The people who provided answers were not clear on workplace dangers and risks. On the whole, it can be determined that the cooperation of occupational health and workplace safety is necessary in order to avoid damage to the health of healtcare professionals.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2019

[What does a triage nurse do? ]

BALOGH Khernné Mariann

[Emergency patient care department problems have recently come to the fore, especially in terms of waiting times and triage activity. It is still not entirely clear to society what is the triage system is, what is it good for, and who is the person, who applies the classification of patients. There is countless conflicts and tensions in the process of health services due to lack of knowledge. In Hungary, emergency departments play a prominent role in healthcare. Increased patient flow is a global problem, and therefore a distinction should be made between the „door to physician time” of the patients. The so-called grading system (triage) has been developed for this purpose, during which an experienced qualified nurse will measure and assess the patient’s condition as quickly as possible on the basis of different criteria. In my communication, I present the triage activity, the use of the classification system, what the triage nurse is doing, by comparing two cases. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2019

[Who helps the caregivers? - Psychosocial characteristics of nurses in dementia care ]

STALLER Judit, KOVÁCS Zsuzsanna, PÁLVÖLGYI Miklós

[The aim of the study: Studies underline the increasing burden of dementia people. Hungarian social care system is also facing dementia care challenge. In case of developing of social sector, it is beneficial to research the psychosocial status of nurses working in dementia care. Material and method: N=130 professional caregivers in dementia care filled out self- administered questionnaires. Standardized health-psychological scales were evaluated: SWLS, Rahe’s Life Meaning, Beck’s Inventory of Measuring Depression, Maastricht Vital Exhaustion, Freudenberger’s Burn Out Inventory. Results: Caregivers have fatigue, dissatisfaction and tendency of quitting profession. Scales show high burn-out, exhaustion and depression and show correlations. Depression correlates with vital exhaustion (r=0.549), depression moves with burn out r=0,528. SWLS correlates opposite with Vital Exhaustion: r = - 366. Coherence and SWLS shows statistically significance correlation: r=0,455. Conclusion: Indicators apply nurses are in risk conditions. More focus on workplace satisfaction, psychosocial care and stress management training is essential. .]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

OCTOBER 30, 2018

[Comparative analysis of job and life satisfaction among theatre nurses in Hungary and Germany]

MÁTÉ Szilvia, PHIL. TIGGES-LIMMER Katharina, PUSZTAFALVI Henriette

[The aim of the study: The objective of the study was to assess and compare job and life satisfaction affected by workplace problems, stress, rewards, success and social support. We analyzed the coping strategies applied by the employees to solves the above problems. Material and method: The anonymous data collection was carried out in October, 2015 by applying AVEM and an own-edited socio-demographic questionnaire among theatre nurses from Hungarian and German clinics. Results: The employees evaluated stressful situations and problems differently in the two groups examined. Job satisfaction was equally important for both groups, but it affected life satisfaction of the Hungarian employees to greater extent. The stress management of the Hungarian employees was more effective in spite of the fact that German nurses used more coping strategies. Social support had a positive effect on overcoming the workplace problems in both groups. Conclusions: Job satisfaction of the nurses has a beneficial effect on their life satisfaction. The ability to divide work and private life and stress management are different among the nurses. Job satisfaction can be improved by workplace health promotion programs.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

AUGUST 30, 2018

[Academic and Practical Skills of Supraglottic Airway Management among Nurses ]

SÓS András

[Aim of the study: The research goal is to measure supraglottic airway management academic and practical skills of working nurses considering education level and workplace. Methods: The research was conducted between 1 December 2015 and 15 March 2016 among nurses in one Hungarian hospital and nurses in ambulance service. The online questionnaire was volunteer and anonym. The results (N=90) were processed in Microsoft Excel 2013. Results: The none device method results shows that the OKJ nurses reached 76%, the practical nurses 74,4% and the nurses with diploma reached 78,3%, they got nearly the same results. Looking the airway management with devices OKJ nurses reached 60%, the practical nurses 74,3%, and nurses with diploma got 79,1%. In both cases the ambulance nurses got the highest result which is reached above 90%. Conclusion: The results shows that the workplace is strongly and the education level is barely affects the supraglottic airway management skill.]

Hypertension and nephrology

AUGUST 20, 2018

[Significance of the ambulatory and home blood pressure monitoring in patients with hypertension: focus on CONADPER-ABPM substudy]

ALFÖLDI Sándor, BARNA István

[According to the latest guidelines, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is both recommended in diagnosing and treating hypertension. The spreading of ABPM is explained by the fact that there are several benefits to the office of blood pressure measurements in the diagnosis, differential diagnosis of hypertension, in the prognostic setting and during therapeutic adjustment. Compared to ABPM, home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) provides information on a substantially longer period of blood pressure, is cheaper, more accessible and more comfortable for the patient. It improves patient-doctor cooperation and therefore the success of setting blood pressure. At the same time, it does not provide information on ABPM over sleep and workplace blood pressure or shortterm blood pressure variability. Thus, the two methods provide complementary information. Finally, we analyse the results of the ABPM subwork of the CONADPER study.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2018

[The psychological Well-being and Burnout among Ambulance Personnel]

IVÁNKOVITS László

[The aim of the study: The aim of the presented study was to investigate the psychological well-being and burnout among ambulance personnel of the Hungarian National Ambulance Service. Our goal was to identify the ambulance specific stressors that negatively affect the psychological health of personnel and lead to burnout. Material and method: The quantitative, cross-sectional study included 1979 ambulance personnel. Level of burnout was measured by Pines-Aronson Burnout Inventory. SPSS version 17.0 was used for statistical analyses. Types of analyses included Khi square test, ANOVA and correlation analysis. Level of significance was defined at p<0.05. Results: The 40% of ambulance personnel are affected by job-related stressors. The heightened and constant state of readiness does not let time for discussing work-related experiences. There was significant correlation between burnout level, years worked at NAS, and the evaluation of workplace circumstances and climate. Conclusion: Due to the results of the present study we created different possibilities of prevention and intervention that can help handle the symptoms of burnout among ambulance personnel.]