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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2019

[What does a triage nurse do? ]

BALOGH Khernné Mariann

[Emergency patient care department problems have recently come to the fore, especially in terms of waiting times and triage activity. It is still not entirely clear to society what is the triage system is, what is it good for, and who is the person, who applies the classification of patients. There is countless conflicts and tensions in the process of health services due to lack of knowledge. In Hungary, emergency departments play a prominent role in healthcare. Increased patient flow is a global problem, and therefore a distinction should be made between the „door to physician time” of the patients. The so-called grading system (triage) has been developed for this purpose, during which an experienced qualified nurse will measure and assess the patient’s condition as quickly as possible on the basis of different criteria. In my communication, I present the triage activity, the use of the classification system, what the triage nurse is doing, by comparing two cases. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 30, 2015

[Practical role of nurses in early recognition in sepsis and curing process]

TÓTH Zoltánné

[Aim of the research: The aim of my research is to show detailed analysis of clinical categorizing of sepsis and clarifying its diagnostic difficulties. The study shows the elements of diagnostic and monitoring methodology during attendance including the importance of triage. Research and sampling methods: The research was done in a III progressive level hospital in the capital at the Emergecy Department emphasizing one group of illness: sepsis. 81 patients were analysed according to the 2013 data turnover. The method of the research is based on different document analysis and data gathering. In parallel with it, in the following parts of the study I was examining the competences of nurses with different qualifications at the department who were doing triage activity during attendance.Evaluation of the summarized results was created by SPSS 14.0 programme. Results: It was proved from the summarized data that triage activity done by nurses with septic patients was not influenced neither by professional experience nor by qualification of the nurses. More than half of the patients at the departments was not given the correct classification so they were not given the therapy in time. Conclusions: Nurses at the emergency department do not have the necessary knowledge on classification system of triage , that is why each nurse at the department must have the opportunity to improve their knowledge on triage or those not having it must acquire both theoretical and practical knowledge. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

MARCH 20, 2014

[Crucial points in the therapy of hepatitis C]


[The first generation of direct acting antivirals represented a milestone in the therapy of hepatitis C but other breakthroughs are on the way with imminent authorization of new antiviral drugs and interferon-free combinations. The prices of these new agents necessitate the rational use of limited financial capacities: relatively cheaper interferon-based treatments could be used first for those who can be cured with these combinations, while the most expensive treatments are to be reserved for those with no other options. In the future, interferonfree regimens will likely be used first in those patients who did not respond to firstgeneration interferon-based regimens and in whom interferon therapy is contraindicated. To avoid complications of the disease, currently it is reasonable to treat all eligible patients with advanced fibrosis, particularly those with compensated cirrhosis, with interferon-based treatments. In some instances other medical or social conditions warrant prompt treatment. The triage of treatments is based on the Priority Index in Hungary. Current triple therapies with protease inhibitors are complicated by drug and food interactions as well as by frequent (sometimes severe) side effects. General practitioners and other specialists need to be involved in managing these issues. It is of utmost importance to refer patients to hepatology care before decompensation or development of hepatocellular carcinoma. The key of timely and accurate diagnosis is organized anti-HCV screening in populations at risk and in the age group with the highest prevalence.]

Hypertension and nephrology

OCTOBER 20, 2013

[The prognostic role of placental growth factor in pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders]


[Placental growth factor (PlGF) is a member of the proangiogenic VEGF-family; it is mainly produced by throphoblast cells. During the last years numerous studies have shown that circulating PlGF-level in maternal plasma is decreased and its suluble receptor sFlt-1 shows increased expression. In the present study we examined the prognostic accuracy of Alere Triage® PlGF-Assay in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and its relation with the length of pregnancy. 130 pregnant women were involved in this case-control study (PE: 23, HELLP-syndrome: 20, superimposed praeeclampsia: 17, chronic hypertension: 25, gestational hypertension: 18 and normal control: 27). Blood draw occured between the 22nd and 34th gestational week. PlGF levels were measured by the Alere Triage® PlGF Assay using samples from the maternal plasma. The plasma PlGF-levels of women whose pregnancies were complicated by hypertensive disorders were significantnormotoly lower compared to those who had uncomplicated pregnancies and the decrease were greater in those patients who delivered before the 35th gestational week. The PlGF-test was positive in 93,7% of those women who delivered before the 35th gestational week and in 90,5% of those who delivered before the 37. gestational week. The vast majority of preeclamptic (PE: 95,7%, SIPE: 82,4%) and HELLP-syndrome (95%) patients had positive PlGF tests, the 60% of the chronic hypertension and the 44,4% of the gestational hypertension patients have also shown positive results. The main conclusion of this study is that the PlGF levels using maternal plasma are lower in those pregnancies which are complicated by hypertension and show strong correlation with the severity of the hypertensive disorder. We perceived high sensitivity values in detecting preeclampsia, HELLP-syndrome and superimposed preeclampsia. In the future we may use this method to separate high risk women for hypertensive disorders and it may improve the perinatal outcome]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2012

[The specialities and competencies of nurse-level triage in paediatric emergency care ]

NAGY Gábor, PÁPAI Tibor

[A part of the emergency patient care system is paediatric emergency care, the organisation and management of which must take place in accordance with the same guiding principles and consensuses as adult emergency care. Owing to the special requirements stemming from the children’s age, anatomy and physiology, the assessment, categorisation, diagnostics, therapeutic interventions and implementation of the nursing process require special knowledge, skills and competencies in comparison to adult emergency care. The paper describes the process of patient admission and triage in intra-hospital paediatric emergency care in Hungary, with regard to the related nursing competencies. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2012

[The process of patient admission and triage, and nursing competencies in the Emergency department ]


[A key factor in the successful and efficient operation of any emergency department is the rapid and precise classification of patients, following a preliminary examination, for the purpose of determining the order in which to provide treatment. A prerequisite for applying this procedure is the satisfactory regulation of the process, which also involves the appropriate management of human resources, the provision of training, the clear definition of competencies, and management of patient careers. The author introduces the triage process suitable for application at emergency wards in Hungary, through adaptation of the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale. ]