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Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

AUGUST 30, 2017

[Workplace conflicts in health care]

IRINYI Tamás, LAMPEK Kinga, NÉMETH Anikó

[Health care requires the cooperation of many professions and often comes with stressful situations. Therefore conflicts might develop among health care providers more frequently. Moreover the staff is interdependent, which might be another source of conflicts. This phenomenon not only affects the crossing parties, but also triggers emotional changes in the individuals (anger, stress and negative emotions) and has long term consequences, too (medical malpractice, fluctuation, sick leaves, discontent patients and bad reputation of the institution). All these can have financial effects, e.g. law costs. The present publication discusses the different definitions of conflicts and explains their reasons and types. This article has a special focus on health-care team conflicts, their consequences and the possible management methods.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

DECEMBER 30, 2016

[The problem-based learning benefits in nursing education]

POZSÁR Hajnalka

[Modern teaching in the schools of the XXI century is marked by terms of flexibility, innovation and requires the introduction of numerous innovations. Schools are required to modernize the curriculum and education technologies, and to leave the traditional teaching methods. Modern educational systems and teaching methods reflect the relevant didactic assumptions to improve the effectiveness of teaching. Emphasis will be put the changes that are designed to create independent and creative personalities. The attention in education is no longer a person who learn, rather the individual who is critical thinking, this is extremely important in the nursing profession. The nurse is the only profile of health workers trained in health care. They are a standalone members of the health team, in the area of its work with the necessary cooperation with other members of the health team. This paper analyzes the characteristics of modern educational systems and teaching methods to improve nurse education, especially problem-based learning and cooperative work, as an important segment in the nurse education. Analysing the modern educational systems, we expect results which will serve as a guide, how to change traditional „ex cathedra” teaching, to interactive and modern education.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2015

[The international practice and acceptation concept on Hungary of the Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) training on the MSc level]

OLÁH András, MÁTÉ Orsolya, BETLEHEM József, FULLÉR Noémi

[In Hungary it was a niche and a reasonable developement according to the international trends to start the BSc nursing programme in 1989 - then the MSc nursing programme in 2000 -. However the structure of the nursing specialities’ education was not reviewed with the increase of the level of nursing education, so all of the nursing specialities’ education happens under BSc level. Also did not happened the determination of the nursing competencies on each educational level. These causes just contribute to have decreased number of nursing students within the BSc programmes and the numbers of nurses who intent to leave the profession are also increased. Migration of nurses, increased costs of the health care system, aging society, lack of physicians and the special knowledge of nurses to use for diagnostical and therapeutical equipements are challanges too beside these problems regarding the nurses. However, international literature says that with the employment of well-educated BSc, MSc nurses with expanded competencies the the problem of the lack of the physicians, waiting times, costs of the care, patients’ mortality may be decreased, patient’s satisfaction increases and because of the expanded nursing competencies the migration and nurses intent to leave are decreased. That is why it is reasonable to create BSc/MSc nursing specialities and expand nursing competencies in Hungary as well according to the international trends. Authors of this paper draw up a possible recommendation for the Hungarian implementation.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 20, 2014

[The decaying health status of nurses]

NÉMETH Anikó, BETLEHEM József, LAMPEK Kinga

[Aim of the study: Investigating the changes in health status, medicine usage and frequency of taking sick-leaves among nurses. Sample and methods: Two cross-sectional studies were conducted in six Hungarian teaching hospitals in 2003 and in 2010 involving full time worker inpatient care nurses who were asked to complete a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Results: The self evaluated health status of nurses worsened since the first survey. Significantly more nurses suffered from chronic diseases and more of them are taking medicines regularly than in 2003. The biggest increment was measured in the rate of people with digestive and musculoskeletal disorders, with allergies, varicose veins and migraine. The number of days on sick-leave decreased significantly and there are more nurses who do not take sick-days when they are sick. Sleep disturbances, head and back aches also occur more often. Conclusions: Based on our data the nurse population is getting older and nurses suffer from numerous chronic diseases.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

AUGUST 30, 2013

[Factors influencing job satisfaction by health care workers]

NÉMETH Anikó

[The healthcare workers spend most of their lifetime at the workplace. Job satisfaction is influenced by many factors some of which are connected to the working environment, physical safety at workplace, salary, social relations at workplace and the position in the workplace hierarchy. The diversity of the job, the level of control at workplace, the amount of skills required for the position, the quantity and quality of social relations all contribute to the level of job satisfaction. When the job does not satisfy the most important needs of the workers, job dissatisfaction develops. Dissatisfaction may have many different consequences. It impacts the work performance, extends the length of sick leaves and increases the intent to leave the career. When the health care worker experiences general bad mood, spleen and low self esteem at the workplace, it has a negative influence not only on job satisfaction, but even emotional exhaustion, prolonged anxiety and depression might develop in consequence.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2013

[Does the fear of losing their jobs play any role in the everyday lives of health care workers?]

IRINYI Tamás, NÉMETH Anikó

[Aims: To assess the degree of fear from becoming unemployed among health care workers in Csongrád County, and the impact of this fear on physical and psychic health, or rather the intent to leave the profession. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out through a self-designed self-report questionnaire sent to registered members of MESZK living in Csongrád County. Results: Those with worse psychosomatic status (p=0.003) and greater rate of burnout (p<0.000) are more afraid of losing their jobs. The fear has a great impact on the intent to leave the profession (p<0.000). Who are not afraid of becoming unemployed feel that they would be physically and psychically able to work in their profession till retirement. Conclusions: Fear is present in the everyday lives of health care workers, and affects their physical and psychic health. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

OCTOBER 20, 2012

[Epidemic among health care providers: burnout]

IRINYI Tamás, NÉMETH Anikó

[Aims of the study: To track the changes since 2008 in the degree of burnout among health care workers in Csongrád County, and to examine its connections with the evaluation of own health, frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, the intent to leave the profession, and the measure of fear from becoming unemployed. Methodology and sample: This is a cross-sectional study carried out through a self-designed self-report questionnaire sent to registered members of MESZK living in Csongrád County. Results: The number of burned-out health care workers increased since 2008. Burnout correlates with physical health (p<0.000), the intention to leave the profession (p<0.000), and the fear of losing the job (p<0.000). A significant increase could be observed by nurses starting their career. Conclusions: Burnout prevention trainings would be important also by career starters, which could also prevent profession leaving. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JULY 30, 2012

[Intention to leave the profession among health care workers in Csongrád County]

NÉMETH Anikó, IRINYI Tamás

[Aims of the study: The study assessed the intent to leave the profession among health care providers in Csongrád County and investigated on which fi eld and country they intend to work; its connection with burn-out and psychosomatic symptoms has also been analyzed. Methodology and sample: This is a cross-sectional study carried out through a self-designed self-report questionnaire sent to registered members of MESZK living in Csongrád County. Results: Bad psychosomatic status correlates with the intent to leave the health care system (p<0.000) and the fear of losing the job (p<0.003). Those who are not afraid of losing their jobs are not to leave the health care system (p<0.000). Workers with severe psychic condition are planning most likely planning to leave their profession. Conclusions: The fear of losing employment and the thought of leaving the profession is an everyday phenomenon among health care workers. This shows strong connection with bad psychosomatic status and burn out.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JULY 30, 2012

[The working conditions of paramedical professionals in general, paediatric and combined medical practices in Hungary]

HIRDI Henriett Éva, KÁLMÁNNÉ SIMON Mária, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the study: To assess the working conditions of paramedical professionals in general, child and family practices, and to compare the data with the results of the survey conducted by the Hungarian Chamber of Paramedical Professionals (MESZK) in 2006 and by the National Institute of Primary Care (OALI) in 2004. Methodology and sample: The cross-sectional survey was conducted between 13 May 2012 and 30 June 2012 among paramedical professionals working in general, child and family practices, selected using a random, sampling method (N=812). The data gathering took place using a web-based, anonymous, self-completion questionnaire. The authors analysed the gathered data with Microsoft Excel 2007 software, employing a descriptive and mathematical statistical methods. Results: Based on the results of the survey it was concluded that the primary task of the nurses (95%) was the preparation of reports and data submissions, and keeping the electronic patients records system up-to-date accordingly. Their second most common activity (94%) is participation in the performance of tasks related to patient care. 67% of the nurses that responded perform health education, health awareness and advisory activities, primarily in relation to the topics of healthy nutrition, recommended screening tests and the spread of infectious diseases. The nurses are generally satisfi ed with their physical working conditions (72%), their job security (77%), their work schedule (77%) and their co-workers (83%), but they expressed the least satisfaction (73%) with their fi nancial compensation. Conclusions: Everyday experience and the results of the research show that the situation of paramedical workers, in terms of the activities they perform, their income, the allocation of holiday leave, and substitution, has not improved at all in comparison to the fi ndings of the 2006 survey. A signifi cant proportion of the nurses would like to perform more substantive and professionally challenging tasks, but their working environment does not allow this.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

JANUARY 22, 2008

[“WHAT DO YOU THINK HAPPENS TO THOSE WHO RARELY GO OUTDOORS?”]

PLUHÁR F. Zsuzsanna, KOVÁCS Szilvia, PIKÓ Bettina, UZZOLI Annamária

[INTRODUCTION - The surrounding environment plays an important role in the development of psychosomatic symptoms. This study examines what children think of the consequences of not going outdoors for long periods. METHODS - Data were collected using the “draw-and-write” technique that besides the written answers allows children to express their thoughts in drawings. The questionnaire contained open-ended questions both on sociodemographic data and on the children’s notion of the relationship between environment and health or illness. Questionnaire submission was voluntary and anonymous. The study subjects were 9 to 11-year-old pupils (n=448, 44.6% boys, 55.4% girls) from six primary schools, two in Budapest, and one each in Pest, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Csongrád and Békés counties. The primary schools were selected so as to represent various environmental locations, such as urban, town, suburban residential, area of blocks of flats. RESULTS - We found that all children agreed in that those who don't go outdoors for a long time will, in one way or another, get sick. Illnesses mentioned in the answers were classified in two categories, physical and mental. Physical health problems were further divided into four subcategories: symptoms (e.g., anaemia, pallor, fever, weak joints or bones); diseases; obesity; death. Mental health problems were divided into two subcategories: actual psychiatric diseases (e.g., depression) and symptoms, such as unhappiness, sadness, anger. CONCLUSIONS - We conclude that children in this study sample reckon the close connection between staying indoors for prolonged periods and the development of symptoms and disease.]