Search results

Lege Artis Medicinae

FEBRUARY 05, 2016

[Minimal self-consciousness and the ipseity-hyperreflexivity model of schizophrenia]

HORVÁTH Lajos

[The aim of this paper is to give a short introduction to the so called ipseity-hyperreflexivity model of schizophrenia in light of the philosophical thesis of minimal self-consciousness. According to the notion of minimal self-consciousness there is no experience without the self-reference to the experiential subject. Dan Zahavi and Uriah Kriegel argue that minimal self-consciousness, including the sense of ownership of our experiences, remains intact in pathological cases as well. Contemporary phenomenological psychiatry, however, gives such an account of experiences that casts doubt on the invulnerability of ownership and rewrites the topography of self-consciousness. The investigation of minimal self-consciousness could open up new vistas regarding the interdisciplinary cooperation of philosophy and clinical sciences. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

NOVEMBER 03, 2015

Psychoneuroimmunology and the embodied mind

SZABÓ Attila

One of the major philosophical aspirations in contemporary consciousness research is to find a framework of explanation that could successfully address the problem of mind-body relations. Descartes is often regarded as the father of dualism in modern philosophy of mind. Phenomenology and embodiment may dissolve the problem of dualism in the waters of the experiential features of the life-world and the subject. Recent findings in psychoneuroimmunology have shown that somato-psychic mechanisms exist through which bodily stimuli are translated into neuropsychological events resulting in alterations in certain behavioral patterns. These may as well include changes in the qualitative features of the lived body (Leib) resulting in an overall change in the subjective experience. The application of modern embodiment theories in life sciences has the potential to create a novel, fruitful and heuristic approach, which may help us unveil features of the “mind-body phenomenon” that have been hidden so far. In this paper, I will try to briefly outline a possible analytical framework on the grounds of classic - Husserlian and Merleau-Pontian - phenomenology and biomedical sciences.

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 18, 2013

[Mirror neurons and interpersonality in the paradigm of embodied mind]

HORVÁTH Lajos, SZABÓ Attila

[In this paper, our aim is to scrutinise the psychology and phenomenology of interpersonal relationships from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. This multi-perspectival examination has a key concept: we critically discuss the interdisciplinary dialogues and philosophical appraisals regarding the issue of mirror neurons. Empathy and resonance phenomena have philosophical, psychological, and biomedical importance. Our paper, by applying certain philosophical and empirical results of the overarching paradigm of embodiment, attempts to shed light on several semantic problems, which could come up with respect to the function of mirror-neurons. In conclusion, we would like to attempt to utilise the results of contemporary phenomenology in order to clear some semantic problems, considering the features of mirroring and resonant behaviour.]