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Clinical Neuroscience

JULY 30, 2020

[What happens to vertiginous population after emission from the Emergency Department?]

MAIHOUB Stefani, MOLNÁR András, CSIKÓS András, KANIZSAI Péter, TAMÁS László, SZIRMAI Ágnes

[Background – Dizziness is one of the most frequent complaints when a patient is searching for medical care and resolution. This can be a problematic presentation in the emergency department, both from a diagnostic and a management standpoint. Purpose – The aim of our study is to clarify what happens to patients after leaving the emergency department. Methods – 879 patients were examined at the Semmel­weis University Emergency Department with vertigo and dizziness. We sent a questionnaire to these patients and we had 308 completed papers back (110 male, 198 female patients, mean age 61.8 ± 12.31 SD), which we further analyzed. Results – Based on the emergency department diagnosis we had the following results: central vestibular lesion (n = 71), dizziness or giddiness (n = 64) and BPPV (n = 51) were among the most frequent diagnosis. Clarification of the final post-examination diagnosis took several days (28.8%), and weeks (24.2%). It was also noticed that 24.02% of this population never received a proper diagnosis. Among the population only 80 patients (25.8%) got proper diagnosis of their complaints, which was supported by qualitative statistical analysis (Cohen Kappa test) result (κ = 0.560). Discussion – The correlation between our emergency department diagnosis and final diagnosis given to patients is low, a phenomenon that is also observable in other countries. Therefore, patient follow-up is an important issue, including the importance of neurotology and possibly neurological examination. Conclusion – Emergency diagnosis of vertigo is a great challenge, but despite of difficulties the targeted and quick case history and exact examination can evaluate the central or peripheral cause of the balance disorder. Therefore, to prevent declination of the quality of life the importance of further investigation is high.]

Lege Artis Medicinae

DECEMBER 10, 2019

[Family medicine as a career. Medical students’ attitudes and vocational choice motivations]

MOHOS András, VARGA Albert, MARKÓ-KUCSERA Mária, KALABAY László, TORZSA Péter

[INTRODUCTION - The large number of vacant general practices is a burning issue in Hungary. The entering of new colleagues into the general practitioner speciality training does not pose a real solution to the human resources crisis in this field. Our aim is to assess medical students’ attitudes and knowledge about general practice. SAMPLE AND METHOD - Cross-sectional survey with self-completed questionnaires at the University of Szeged, with the participation of 94 fourth and fifth year medical students in 2016 and 78 first and fourth year medical students in 2017. RESULTS - In 2016 1% of students planned for sure, and 16% planned probably to work as a general practitioner in the future. In 2017 3.9% of first-year students planned definitely to be a general practitioner, and 15.4% planned that probably. Among fourth-year students 0% of students planned for sure, and 19.2% planned probably to work as a general practitioner in the future. Whatever the presence of family medicine in undergraduate training influenced the medical students’ opinion about the profession positively (0.4-1.3 on a scale based on the direction and strength of the effects of certain factors ranging from -5 to +5). Those who were interested in family medicine considered the situation of healthcare significantly worse (p=0.027), than those who were not interested. To make the profession more attractive the following factors may play the most important role: the more intense presentation (I: 37%) of general practice in undergraduate training, improving the prestige of family medicine (IV: 31%), high-quality work (IV: 39%). CONCLUSIONS - Few medical students plan to work as general practitioner in the future. The most effective way to raise interest in family medicine is to increase the students’ knowledge and awareness of this specialisation, and the more intensive presentation of family medicine in undergraduate training is a key issue.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

FEBRUARY 28, 2019

[Who helps the caregivers? - Psychosocial characteristics of nurses in dementia care ]

STALLER Judit, KOVÁCS Zsuzsanna, PÁLVÖLGYI Miklós

[The aim of the study: Studies underline the increasing burden of dementia people. Hungarian social care system is also facing dementia care challenge. In case of developing of social sector, it is beneficial to research the psychosocial status of nurses working in dementia care. Material and method: N=130 professional caregivers in dementia care filled out self- administered questionnaires. Standardized health-psychological scales were evaluated: SWLS, Rahe’s Life Meaning, Beck’s Inventory of Measuring Depression, Maastricht Vital Exhaustion, Freudenberger’s Burn Out Inventory. Results: Caregivers have fatigue, dissatisfaction and tendency of quitting profession. Scales show high burn-out, exhaustion and depression and show correlations. Depression correlates with vital exhaustion (r=0.549), depression moves with burn out r=0,528. SWLS correlates opposite with Vital Exhaustion: r = - 366. Coherence and SWLS shows statistically significance correlation: r=0,455. Conclusion: Indicators apply nurses are in risk conditions. More focus on workplace satisfaction, psychosocial care and stress management training is essential. .]

Lege Artis Medicinae

OCTOBER 20, 2018

[On nursing in a different way - What are we talking about? ]

SÖVÉNYI Ferencné, PERKÓ Magdolna, FEDINECZNÉ Vittay Katalin

[Using an uncustomary approach to nursing history, authors review the intensive development process in the 1990s that resulted in the transition of nursing from an occupation to profession in Hungary. An occupa­tion attains professional status if its practitio­ners have access to education and training of a considerable duration, it has independent professional organisation, an ethical code of its own and is regulated by law. The article addresses these factors discussing at length the history and development of nurs­ing education and training in Hungary, subsequently it describes the process arching from practical nursing to the appearance of nursing science, an intrinsic part of which was the birth of a scientific nursing journal “Nővér”. The relevant and effective legislation on nursing and nursing practice is re­viewed comprehensively and the efforts to establish professional nursing organisations are described. It is maintained that framework conditions had to be established as a necessary precondition for nursing to professionalise itself on its own and become a vocation highly regarded by society. ]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 30, 2018

[Nursing career of the high-school students]

TISÓCZKI Evelin, BALOGH Zoltán

[Aim of the research: The aim of the study is to analyze the trends of student orientation in the age and compulsory education process by age group. In our research, we would like to answer the question of how much „popularity” the health care profession as a professional area among students participating in Hungarian public education. If you feel this area of expertise close to you, what kind of vision you have. Research and sampling methods: A self-constructed questionnaire was administered during 24 Oct 2017 - 13 Jan 2018. In all counties of Hungary, the authors sent it to at least one of the training sites and filled up with me (N=329). These training sites are involved in healthcare training. Data were analysed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows statistical program. Chi square, Mann-Whitney tests were applied (p <0,05). Results: Out of the 159 people (48%), 170 (52%) in the family have healthcare workers. When performing the controls of the distributions, we can conclude that there is no significant difference in the distribution between the two groups, so there is the same number - that is, statistically significant difference - of the proportion of those willing to choose the health care path. In terms of career choice, 276 (86%) of respondents believe it is likely to be oriented towards the health care path, with 46 people (14%) planning their life is in another direction. Seven of its principal did not answer the question. By completing the Mann-Whitney test, we can conclude that there is no significant difference between the two groups in the medians, so there is no difference - that is, statistically significant difference - with respect to career choice as a nursing profession’s esteem. Of the 329 participants, 215 (65%) replied that they would like to work as a nurse, while 114 (35%) responded that they would not choose this job. Conclusion: Don’t influence significantly the career entrant if there is a healthcare worker in the family. Who stand in front of career choice don’t influence significantly the appreciation but is more motivated by sympathy and helplessness toward another person.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

JUNE 30, 2018

[The importance of the hand hygiene compliance development in the light of prevention of nosocomial infections]

SAJTI Anikó, CSERNUS Mariann

[Good hand hygiene is the most effective means of preventing healthcare-associated infections, as contaminated hands are the greatest risk of spreading infections. It is critical that the infection control professionals emphasise the importance of good hand hygiene practices and help the health care professionals on the five steps of hand hygiene. The author presents in the case study that the numbers of positive urinary microbiological samples were decreased with systematic hand hygiene examination with direct methods and continuous feedback of experiences among the staff of the intensive care unit. For further development four sensory, alcoholic hand scrubbers with spraying automats were fitted by the management of the unit. Data obtained directly from observation further analysis is our goal a comprehensive study for the profession, which can serve as a positive example later to launch compliance development programs in other hospitals. ]

Hypertension and nephrology

AUGUST 20, 2018

[Significance of patient adherence in the treatment of hypertension]

SIMONYI Gábor, ALFÖLDI Sándor, BARNA István

[Hypertension is the one of most frequent chronic disease which a major but modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. In treating of hypertension after life style therapy, drug treatment has an essential role. Patient adherence plays a significant role achieving target blood pressure. One of most important cause of resistant hypertension is the non-adherence. Factors influencing adherence include the number of drugs, their daily dosage frequency, the properties of the drug groups used, age and gender too. According to international and domestic studies, the number of people leaving medication is very high. The disadvantage is clear because these patients lack of benefit from the protective effects of drugs.]

Journal of Nursing Theory and Practice

APRIL 30, 2018

[The Florence Nightingale Medal - Its History and the Hungarian Connection]

SÖVÉNYI Ferencné, PERKÓ Magdolna, FEDINECZNÉ VITTAY Katalin, BOROS Károlyné

[Apropos of the International Nurses Day, authors discuss Nightingale’s impact on the development of nursing and her role in international nursing history. They consider as one of the main achievements of Nightingale that she raised the profile of nursing to an appreciated profession, thereby contributing to modifying the widely held view on women’s role in society in Hungary, too. After reviewing the developments related to the educational empowerment of women in the Hungary of the 19th century they suggest that these changes as well as awakening of the nation might explain the decision of the Hungarian Red Cross Society to table a motion at the 8th International Conference of Red Cross Societies in London with a view to establishing a medal in honour of Florence Nightingale. The Hungarian proposal was approved by the international conference in Washington in 1912 and a resolution was passed to institute the Florence Nightingale Medal. ]

Lege Artis Medicinae

JUNE 20, 2018

[“Vires unitae agunt” - way of the unification: medical professionalization in 18-19. centuries Hungary]

SIMON Katalin

[European and Hungarian medicine and its representatives changed a lot between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. The varied ’medical market’ altered significantly from the eighteenth century. The acts of the enlightened absolutism, which were attentive to the health of the citizens and the public, set up those processes, which led to modern medical education and medical professionalization. During this process, some kind of healers were raised out of craftsmen, folk healers (such as surgeons, pharmacists, midwives, veterinarians), others were supplanted (for Example sellers of essential oils). After the initiation from above, doctors of medicine and masters of surgery became self-conscious in the Hungarian Reform Era, first forms of self-organization, as so the demand of professional retraining and discussions appeared via the new journals, associations and assemblies. The biggest question was the liquidation and the unification of the dual education of doctors of medicine and masters of surgery, which descended from the Middle Ages, but became obsolete, thanks to the new achievements of the medicine and surgery. The two were united in 1872, when the title doctor medicinae universalis set up. The Public Health Act of Hungary in 1876 (Art. XIV) and the independent la­bour organizations of doctors (for Example the Associations of Doctors in Budapest and in the countryside, which were established in 1897) promoted the formation of the modern medical profession. ]