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Lege Artis Medicinae

NOVEMBER 15, 2019

[Hypertensive emergency conditions in Family practice]

TORZSA Péter

[Family doctors play an important role in the treatment of high blood pressure emergencies. There are two forms of these: hypertensive, non-life-threatening states (urgency) and the hypertensive crisis (emergency) with life-threatening complications. The boundary between these two forms is not sharp, and a non-life-threatening urgency can turn into a hypertensive crisis. Hypertensive emergency is defined as an acute, marked increase of blood pressure with concomitant life-threatening target organ dysfunction. Treatment always requires hospitalization and parenteral administration of antihypertensive agents. In the case of hypertensive urgency, the acute increase of blood pressure is not complicated with organ damage. In these cases treatment can be performed in primary care with oral drugs. ]